Colonization Timeline

  • Period: Jan 1, 1400 to

    North America Colonization

  • Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus encountered the New World for the first time

  • Sep 1, 1500

    French began fur trade witn Indians

    The fur trade began in the 1500's as an excahnge between Indians and Europeans. The Indians traded furs for such goods as tools and weapons.
  • Jun 9, 1534

    Jacque Cartier sailed the St. Lawrence

    A French navigator Jacques Cartier left France by boat he was ordered to find gold, spices, and a water passage from France to Asia. However, two months later on June 9, Cartier discovered an important waterway into the vast areas of Canada.
  • Sep 8, 1538

    Hernando de Soto's expedition of the Southeast

    He embarked on a major expedition to conquer Florida for the Spanish crown. Him and his men traveled about 4,000 miles through southeastern.
  • Sep 8, 1540

    Coronado's expedition from Mexico to Kansas

    The Spanish people obsessed with an idea that somewhere in the interior of the New World there was rich mines of gold and sivler.
  • Sep 8, 1565

    Spanish establish St. Augustine, Florida

    Pedro Menéndez de Avilés landed on the shore of what is now called Matanza Bay. Later the settlement would be called St. Augustine, Florida.
  • Attempted Roanoke Colony

    The explorers Phillip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe set out from England to the coast near Cape Hatteras encoutered a few obstacles and met Sir Walter Raeigh he sent seven ships loaded with colonists and provisions to establish a colony on Roanoke Island but although the settlement survived the poor relations with the natives and food shortages constantlu plagued the colony.
  • Juan de Onate founded Santa Fe

    Is an explorer and founders of the first European settlements in the upper Rio Grande Vally of New Mexico
  • Jamestown, Virginia founded

    A group of 100 member of a joint venture called the Virginia Company found the first permanent English settlement in North America on the banks of the James River.
  • Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec

    Champlain was named lieutenant to de Monts, and they set off on another expedition up the St. Lawrence. When they arrived in June 1608, they constructed a fort in what is now known as Quebec City.
  • John Rolfe introduced tobacco to Virginia

    Is when he boarded the Sea Venture and when he found Virginia Company, founded by investors, and later with his experiments with tobacco that developed the first profitable export.
  • First African slaves arrived in Virginia

    The arrival of the "20 and odd" African captives aboard a Dutch "man of war" ship on this day (August 20) in the year 1619 historically marks the earlu planting of the seeds of the American slave trade. Although American slavery was not a known institution at the time, this group of Africans was the first to go on record to be sold as involuntary laborers.
  • Plymouth, Massachusetts founded

    During the time King James I sent around 100 English men and women-many of them members of the English Separatist Church-set sail for the New World that aboard the Mayflower. The Ship landed on the shores of Cape Cod, in present-day Massachusetts, two months later, and in late December anchored at Plymouth Rock, where they wourld form the first permanent settlement of Europeans in New England.
  • Beaver Wars

    Beaver wars where terrifying and brutal wars fought by tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy against the French and the Indian tribes who were their allies, including the Huron, Algonquins and the Mohicans.
  • South Carolina Colony founded

    When King Charles II gave the land to eight noble men known as The Lords Proprietors. At the time, the province included both North Carolina and South Carolina. Norh and South Carolina became separate royal colonies in 1729.
  • Marquette and Joliet sailed down the Mississippi

    They used the portage to enter the Wisconsin River near the present-day city of Portage, Wisconsin. They arrived at the Mississppi River on June 17, 1673.
  • The Pueblo Revolt

    A conquest of northern New Mexico led by Juan de Oñate trun into a war between indians and the spainsh soilders.
  • Pennsylvania Colony founded

    William Penn found Pennsylvana with a land grant that was owed his deceased Father. His goal was to create a colony that allowed for freedom of religion due to his desire to protect himself and fellow Quakers from persection.
  • Georgia Colony founded

    James Oglethorpe was given a charter from King George II to create a new colony which he would name Georgia. This was located between South Caroline and Florida.