Colonization of Canada Through the Ages By ..Greenwood.. 1603 The Beginning of colonization Samuel de Champlain arrives with his retinue and sets up the first settlement. This settlement would later become Quebec city. 1632 A mission of Faith A faith mission is established amongst the Hurons. 1663 A Royal Development King Louis XIV extends the power of the crown to populate New France and expand its boundaries. 1701 Conflicting Views and Historical Treaties The historic treaties served to garner support for the settlers, and to start relations of on a note. 1713 The Haudenosaunee Confedereacy The Haudenosaunee Confederacy begins and passes under the protection of the British. 1725 Peace and Friendship Treaties The peace and friendship treaties were signed in the Maritimes between 1725 and 1729, and served to encourage settler and Indigenous cooperation. 1763 The Royal Proclamation The Royal Proclamation is issued by King George III in 1763. 1850 Douglas Treaties These treaties were a series of fourteen land purchases between 1850 and 1854 1857 The Gradual Civilization Act The Gradual Civilization Act was enacted by pre-confederacy Canada in an effort to hasten the assimilation of Indigenous Peoples. 1870 Residential School System The first government funded residential schools open their doors. These institutions were operated by various churches. 1871 The Numbered Treaties These treaties were signed between 1871 and 1921 and pertained to Indigenous People giving land to the Canadian government in exchange for various promises. Period: 1876 to Sep 21, 2023 The Indian Act The Indian Act was a further attempt to quickly assimilate Indigenous Peoples into Canadian Society. 1900 The Reserve System Once the Europeans colonized this new land, they set about developing reserves for the Indigenous Peoples to live on, while they took the rest and best land for themselves. 1951 A Small Victory Indigenous peoples are finally allowed to legally practice many different activities which had been banned for over seventy years. 1990 Delayed Apologies and Reparations Affected Indigenous Peoples launch a class action lawsuit against the church and the Canadian government. 1994 The Indian Residential Schools Survivors Society The Indian Residential Schools Survivors Society is formed. 2007 The IRSSA The Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) is settled. Jun 1, 2008 The Start of Truth and Reconciliation The government of Canada begins stepping towards truth and reconciliation. 2015 The Collective Call The truth and reconcialliation of Canada releases a collective of 94 calls to further reconciliation. Sep 21, 2023 Present Day Many of the issues that plagued Indigenous peoples of the past still affect them today.