colonial times

  • Aug 1, 1492

    Christopher Columbus sails the ocean blue

    Christopher Columbus sails the ocean blue
    Columbus sails to set out to find Asia. He sets sail with 90 men. Also he had three ships called the Nina, Pinta, and the Santa Maria.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Columbus finds America

    Columbus finds America
    Columbus finds a land in which he thinks is Asia. He called it Indies, and claimed it for Spain. The land was really America not Asia.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Columbus finds two more islands

    Columbus sets sail southwest to find a very large island. He thinks that he has reach the island of Japan but he really found the island of Cuba. Then his guides pointed him west to the island of Hispaniola. After that Columbus set sail back to Spain.
  • Nov 8, 1510

    Vasco Nunez de Balbo

    Vasco Nunez de Balbo
    Balboa a spanish adventor explores Caribean Coast. This is now known today as Panama.
  • Nov 8, 1519

    Hernando Cortes

    Hernando Cortes
    Cortes sailed from Cuba to Mexico. He had more than 500 soldiers. He marched into the Aztec capital . Many Native Americans joined them as they moved in closer. Cortes took Moctezuma hostage and claimed all of Mexico for Spain. Aztecs rebelled and forced them to leave. About a yr. later Cortes returned. He had a larger force, and recaptured Tenochtitlan and destoroyed it. He then used the same methods to subdue the Aztecs in South Amer. that another conquistador Pizarro used.
  • Nov 9, 1519

    Ferdinand Magellan

    Ferdinand Magellan
    Magellan a Portuguese explorer sets out to find an Atlantic Pacific passage. Near the southern tip of present-day Argentina he found a narrow passage. This passage is know to day as the Strait of Magellan. Also he reached the Philippine Islands, and there he and several others were killed in the battle with Filipionos. Survivors fled/left in two ships. They reached Spain in Sept. 1522. 3yrs. after they begun 18 men aboard became first to circumnavigate the entire Earth.
  • Nov 8, 1531

    Francisco Pizarro

    Francisco  Pizarro
    Pizarro landed on the coast of Peru in 1531. He wanted to search for the Incas who were said to have alot of gold. Then in September 1532 he led about 170 soldiers to the heart of the Inca Empire. He took the ruler hostage . He then asked for a ransom even though the Incas paid it he killed the ruler anyway. Then in November 1533 they defeated the Icas and captured their capital city of Cuzco.
  • Nov 17, 1565

    Fort St. Augustine

    Fort St. Augustine
    Was built by Spain in northern Florida. It was the first permanent European settelment in what is know as United States.
  • New France

    In the early 1600's French began to settle colonies. New France developed in different ways , than New Spain. French profited from furs and fish. They also traded with Native Americans. Also there was a trading post called Quebec City and also Champlain made a trading post known today as Nova Scotia. By 1672 New French had about or around 5,000 colonists.
  • Samuel de Champlain

    Samuel de Champlain
    Champlain made the first off 11 voyages to explore and also map the lands along the St. Lawrence River. n 1603. Then later on he established a settelment on the banks of the St. Laweerance. He named this settelment Quebec. With this he ventured east , in the year of 1609. He also explored the large lake on the border of present day Vermont and New York that bears his name. These activities gave the French a influence in that region that lasted 150 years.
  • Jamestown

    Jamsetown was built in spring of 1607. It was England's first settlement in North America. It barley survived it's fist year.
  • John Smith

    John Smith
    In fall of 1608 a man named John Smith was sent from London to lead the colony of Jamestown. He drew up harsh rules including this rule that was the most important '' He who works not , eats not.'' In fall of 1609 Smith was sent back to England after being injured. With him gone started the ''Starving Time.''
  • New Netherlands

    The Ducht traded with the Native American. Dutch West India Company decied to established a new permanent colony that the Dutch called New Netherlands. This was because trade was so profitable. 300 settlers came in 1624. Most settled in Fort Orange. Then another group settled at the mouth of Hudson River. Peter Minuit purchased islands from near by Indians and called it New Amsterdam.
  • Mayflower Compact

    Before they came aboard t41 men signed the Mayflower Compact. It said that goverment would make and follow " just and egual laws." Also that officeholder would be elected by colony adult men. This was the first document that American colonists gained a right to govern themselves.
  • Plymouth Colony

    A group of Separatists settled in Virginia. Today these people were know as the Pilgrims.
  • First Thanksgiving

    First Thanksgiving
    Fall of 1621, Pilgrims set aside a day to give thanks for good fortune. This holiday today is called Thanksgiving. The first Thanksgiving happened in fall of 1621.
  • Roger Williams

    Roger Williams
    A minister of a church in the town of Salem. He believed that the Puritans should split entirely from the Church of England. Also he criticized colonists who had seized Native American lands. He thought that colonists should pay for their land. He then was forced to leave Massachusetts Bay in 1635. Then he moved south to Rhode Island where he bought land from the Native Americans. He then founded the town of Providence in 1635.
  • Thomas Hooker

    Thomas Hooker
    He left Massachusetts with followers and settled in Connecticut. He then founded the town Hartford.
  • John Wheelright

    He was forced to leave Massachusetts. He was forced out because he agreed with Anne Hutchinson's views. Moved to New Hampshire where he found the town Exeter in 1638.
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony

    Around or about 20,000 people lived in Massachusetts Bay by 1643. By mid - 1630's , Massachusetts Bay had a elected assembly. The assembly was called the General Court.
  • North and South Carolina

    North and South Carolina
    Carolina was established in 1663 when King Charles II granted a charter for it. Nothern part of Carolina developed slowly , because the lack of harbors and rivers. However the Southern part grew more quickly.
  • New York

    New York
    Around or in 1664 King Charles II granted Dutch land in North America to His brother James. New York was named after James the Duke of York. New Amsterdam it's capital became New York City.
  • New Jersey

    New Jersey
    New Jersey was established in 1665. New Jersey was at first a proprietary colony. Then in 1702 New Jersey recieved a charter as a royal colony.
  • Pennsylvania

    1681 Penn recieved a area as large as England this was mainly in what is known today as Pennsylvania.
  • Willam Penn

    Willam Penn
    Willam Penn founded Pennsylvania. William was a wealthy man who personally new the kng who was King Charles II. He wanted to find a place for Quakers to live where they would be safe from persecution.
  • Missons Along California Coast

    Missionary Junipero Serra played an importan role in beginning to colonize in California. His first misson was just north of today's Mexican- American border. This eventually became the city of San Diego. He then later established other missions located in whtis now San Francisco and Los Angeles. Altogether Spain or the Spanish founded almost 20 missions in Ca;ofprmoa between 1769 and 1800.
  • Columbus finds the island of Cuba

    Columbus sets sail southwest to find a very large island. He thinks that he has reach the island of Japan but he really found the island of Cuba.
  • Columbain Exchange

    The Columbain Exchange was the trasnfer of people, products, and ideas between the hemispheres. Most of the changes and trades was positive. European intruduced different animals to the Native Americans in the Western Hemisphers. Also different foods and plants were exhanged. Also there were negatinve effects such as germs, and disease were brought from the European to Nat. Americans.
  • John Cabot

    John Cabot
    He decided that a more nothern route to Asia would be shorter and also easier. He set out to find a northern route . His voyages foucused on finding a nothwest passage.
  • ''Holy Experiment''

    William Penn considered his colony to be an ''holy experiment''. Penn's goal was to create a colony in which people from different religious backrounds could live in peace or peacfully. He then wrote his Frame of Goverment for Pennsylvania. This provieded freedom of religion.
  • Delaware

    People who came from Sweden were the first European settlers in Delaware. In 1704 it became a separate colony.
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    Nathaniel Bacon was the leader of this rebellion. The rebellion was an organized force of 1,000 westerners that attacked and killed Native Americans. In this rebellion Bacon burned Jamestown forceing the governor to run away. The rebellion collapsed when Bacon died.
  • Lord Baltimore

    Lord Baltimore
    Baltimore was a proprietor. He then got the assembly to pass the Act of Tolerartion, in 1649. This welcomed all Christians and also gave adult make Christains the right to vote and hold office. This was a important step toward religious toleration in North America.
  • Georgia.

    Georgia was the last of the 13 colonies. It was founded for two reasons. The first one was that English feared that Spain was gonna expnad its Florida colony northward. Second reason was a group of wealthy Englishmen that was lead by James Oglethorpe who wanted a colony where the would be protection for English debtors. Slavery was leagal in Georgia by the 1750's.
  • Tidewater Region

    It was an economy dominated by plantations. Was more favored by the colonial goverment than the back country.
  • Backcountry

    Was cut off from the coast by poor roads and long distance. Usally families lived on isolated farms. People cared less about rank. People believed that the colonial goverment didn't care about them but only the Tidewater Region.
  • Juan de Onate

    Juan de Onate
    He led an expedition into New Mexico. Aimed to find gold, covert Native Americans to Christianity, and also to establish a permanent colony. He established Spains fist permanent settlement in the region at Santa Fe, in 1598.
  • Mission In Texas and Arizonia

    Missanary who led the way in spreading Spainish influece was Father Eusebio Francisco Kino , known today as Texas and Arizona. Early misson took root in Texas was about 150 miles north of Rio Grande. The mission failed to covert Native Americans it attracted Spanish colonists. This mission became know as the city of San Antonio.