Colonial Settlements By christophercEdge Jan 1, 1565 St. Augustine,FL It was founded by a Spanish sea captain. Jan 1, 1587 Roanoke Island,VA John White and 116 other settlers set up the colony. Jan 1, 1607 Jamestown,VA Captain John Smith took charge. Jan 1, 1620 Plymouth,MA The colonists were all known as Pilgrims because they traveled to the new world. Jan 1, 1628 Salem,MA John Withrup was the first governor of the colony. Jan 1, 1633 Williamsburg,VA Was the capital of Virginia from 1699 to 1779. Jan 1, 1670 Charles Town,SC The town grew wealthy and became an early target of Pirates who roamed the coast from North Carolina to the Caribbean. Jan 1, 1682 Philadelphia,PA The Englishman William Penn found a city on the Deleware River in southeastern Pennsylvania where he and his fellow Quakers could practice their religion freely.