College History I

  • Oct 12, 1492

    Columbus lands in the Bahamas

    Columbus lands in the Bahamas
    -Searching for a new route to India
    -Found Bahamas instead and thought it was India
  • Jun 7, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal

    Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal
    This Treaty was a deal between Portugal and Spain spilting the Atlantic ocean. Spain got one side and Portgual got the other
  • May 20, 1498

    Da Gama reaches India

    Da Gama reaches India
    -De Gama reaches India by sailing around the coast of Africa
  • Jul 1, 1512

    Juan Ponce de Leon discovers Florida

    Juan Ponce de Leon discovers Florida
    Juan Ponce de Leon discovers Florida and gets into a fight with the Natives there. He later dies because he was wounded in battle.
  • Nov 7, 1513

    Balboa claims lands for Spain

    Balboa claims lands for Spain
    -Vasco Nunez Balboa claims all the land that Spain touched, in the Pacific Ocean, Spian's land
  • Jan 1, 1521

    Hernan Cortes defeats the Aztec civilzation

    Hernan Cortes defeats the Aztec civilzation
    Hernan Cortes conquers Mexico for Spain and destorys the Aztec Empire
  • Oct 1, 1522

    Ferdinand Magellan completes circumnavigation

    Ferdinand Magellan completes circumnavigation
    Ferdinand Magellan sailed all the way around the world in a search for India
  • Sep 8, 1542

    Hernando de Soto crosses the Mississippi River

    Hernando de Soto crosses the Mississippi River
    In 1542, Hernando de Soto travels up Flordia and then crosses the Mississippi River
  • Nov 13, 1542

    Cabrillo explores California coast for Spain

    Cabrillo explores  California coast for Spain
    Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo was an european explorer who was the first to explore California and claims it for the Spanish Empire
  • Sep 8, 1565

    Spanish bulid a fortress at St.Augustine

    Spanish bulid a fortress at St.Augustine
    Admiral Pedro Menéndez de Avilés discovers St.Augustine and builds a fortress and port in the area
  • England Defeats Spanish Armada

    England Defeats Spanish Armada
    Spanish Armada was under the command by the Duke of Medina Sidonia and was made to destory Queen Elizabeth's Navy. The attacks failed Spain and England was victories
  • Spain and England sing a peace treaty

    Spain and England sing a peace treaty
    In 1604, England and Spain signed the Treaty of London which ended the Anglo-Spanish War.
  • Virginia colony founded at Jamestown

    Virginia colony founded at Jamestown
    In 1607, about a hundred English men settlers, settled in a small town that they called Jamestown. They created the colony in the hope of finding gold.
  • Rolfe Perfects Tobacco Cultivation

    Rolfe Perfects Tobacco Cultivation
    In 1612, John Rolfe became exporting his much exporting his sweeter tobacco. This turned the Virginia Colony into a profitable venture
  • End of the 1st Anglo-Powhatan War

    End of the 1st Anglo-Powhatan War
    With the marrige of John Rolfe and Pocahontas, the 1st of many Anglo-Powhatan Wars ended.
  • Virginia becomes royal colony

    Virginia becomes royal colony
    In 1624, King James I revoked the charter of the bankrupt Virginia Company. By doing this, this made Virginia becomes a royal colony
  • Maryland colony founded

    Maryland colony founded
    In 1634, Lord Baltimore founded a Roman Cathlioc colony. This colony became into toke in Cathliocs from England
  • Slavery Code is adopted

    Slavery Code is adopted
    This code gave the slaves basic rights and gave them their legal satus.
  • Carolina colony created

    Carolina colony created
    In 1670, a new chater was issued to a group of eight english nobleman. The eight english men ruled the land till 1729.
  • Georgia colony founded

    Georgia colony founded
    Georgia was created to searve as a buffer due to the fact that Spain had a colony in present day Flordia
  • New York Weekly Journal

    New York Weekly Journal
    John Zenger was acquited for seditious libel chrages. This was a victory of freedom of speech
  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening
    This movement was started in 1732 by Johnanthan Edwards. It was continued by Whitefield and it was the spread of religous practices throughout different colonies.
  • The Diphtheria Epidemic

    The Diphtheria Epidemic
    In 1735, a Diptheria Epidemic broke out. Thid killed many people (mainly kids).
  • Pontiac's Rebellion

    Pontiac's Rebellion
    In 1736, a conflict between the Ottowa Indians and the British. This ended bad for the Indians because they didnt get any aid from the French
  • War of Jenkin's Ear

    War of Jenkin's Ear
    In 1738, war breaks out. The war was fought by England and Spain.
  • South Carolina

    South Carolina
    Slaves in Charleston tried to revolt against their master and 50 slaves were hung
  • Louisburg

    The British captured Louisburhg in Canada
  • Princeton

    In 1746, New Light Presbyterians founded Princeton University in order to train ministers dedicated to their views.
  • Iron Act

    Iron Act
    Passed by English Parliament, this act limited the growth of the iron industry in the Americans
  • Currency Act

    Currency Act
    The Currency Act was passed by English Parliament banning the issue of paper monry in the New England Colonies
  • Encyclopedia

    In 1751, the very first Encyclopedia was pinted
  • Hospital

    In 1752, the first general hospital was founded
  • Benjamin Franklin

    Benjamin Franklin
    In 1751, Benjamin Franklin discovers the lighting rod. This is one of the main things we remeber Franklin by.
  • Columbia College

    Columbia College
    In 1754, Columbia College is founded in New York.
  • England War

    England War
    The English declares war on France. This causes the French and Indian War. This War spreded to America
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    In 1756, France and Austria signed an agreement to help eachother out.
  • William Pitt

    William Pitt
    In 1757, Pitt became a leader in the London Governent. He later earnes the title "Organizer of Victory."
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris marked the end of the French and Indain War. The treaty gave Engalnd all the land to the east of the Mississippi River.
  • End of French and Indian War

    End of French and Indian War
    With the signing of the Treaty of Paris, the French and Indian War ended. 3 days later, the Seven Years war in Europe ended with the signing of Treaty of Hubertusburg.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    This was the first act passed to raise taxes against the colonies. This was passed by Prime Minister George Grenville
  • Committee of Correspondence

    Committee of Correspondence
    In 1764 was the first meeting og the committee of Correspondence. They meet in Boston to talk about the new Currency Act.
  • Currency Act

    Currency Act
    This act was made to gain control of the colonial currency system.It prohibited the reissue of existing currency.
  • John Adams gets married

    John Adams gets married
    John Adams marries Abigail Smith.
  • The Declaration of Rights

    The Declaration of Rights
    This document was created by the Committees of Correspondence saying that the taxes imposed on British colonists were unconstitutional.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    The Stamp Act was a direct tax imposed by the British Parliament on the American colonies.
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    The Declaratory Act was a declaration by the British which accompanied the repeals againts the Stamp Act.
  • Rugters

    In 1766, Rutgers Universitry was established to train those who wanted to become ministers within the church
  • British government disbands on tea

    British government disbands on tea
    In 1767, the British government disbands Americans import duty on tea.
  • Dartmouth College

    Dartmouth College
    In 1769, Dartmouth College was founded by Eleazar Wheelock.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    A incident where British troops were being harassed by coloniest and the British troops opened open fired on the coloniest, killing 5 and injuring 6.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    The First Continental Congress met in Philadelphia to protest against the king.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    This was an act, by the colonist, against the British government and the East India Company. They went onto to british ships and threw the teat off the boat into the habor.
  • American Revolutionary War

    American Revolutionary War
    Britatin declares war on the colonies.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    On July 4, the members of congress sign the Declaration of Independence
  • Yorkstown

    On 1781, Cornwallis's army surrenders at Yorktown.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    In 1783, The Treaty of Paris was created to declare America a free country.
  • The Revolutionary War ended

    The Revolutionary War ended
    In 1783, the war with Great Britian ends.
  • START OF THE NEW TIMELINE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!11

  • Land Ordinace of 1785

    Land Ordinace of 1785
    The Land Ordinace of 1785 laid the foundations of American land policy. It allowed for sales of land in the Northwest Territory.
  • Shay's Rebellion

    Shay's Rebellion
    Shay's Rebellion was a Armed insurrection by farmers in Massachusetts against the state government. This was caused by the harsh economic conditions faced by Massachusetts farmers
  • The Northwest Ordinance 1787

    The Northwest Ordinance 1787
    The Northwest Ordinance 1787 created the Northwest Territory. It also established a government for the Northwest Territory and outlined the process for admitting a new state to the Union.
  • Three Fifths Compromise

    Three Fifths Compromise
    The Three Fifths was a compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the enumerated population of slaves would be counted for representation
  • Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia

    Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia
    Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia the meeting in which the constitution of the United States was framed
  • Judicary Act of 1789

    Judicary Act of 1789
    Judiciary Act of 1789 set the number of lower district courts to 13, set the number of members of the Supreme Court to 6 and the Supreme Court would settle disputes between states.
  • French Revolutions begins

    French Revolutions begins
    The results were the abolition and replacement of the French king and the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Bill of Rights adopted

    Bill of Rights adopted
    in 1789, the Bill of Rights is the name given to the first ten amendments of the United States Constitution. It protect the natural rights of liberty and property
  • Washington's Reign

    Washington's Reign
    in 1792, George Washington ran for a second term and won to stay as our president
  • Eli Whitney invents cotton gin

     Eli Whitney invents cotton gin
    In 1793, Eli Whitney created the cotten gin to quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    The Fugitive Salve Act made any official who did not arrest an alleged runaway slave liable to a fine of $1,000
  • Pinckney's Treaty

    Pinckney's Treaty
    in 1795, Spian and the United states signed this treaty recognizing borders on the Mississippi. It also gratned the USA trading through New Orleans
  • John Adams becomes the 2nd president

    John Adams becomes the 2nd president
    in 1797, John Adams becomes the second president of the U.S.A
  • Alien and Sedition Act

    Alien and Sedition Act
    The Alien and Sedition Act bprecipitated with XYZ Affair, restricted aliens and curtailed press criticism of the government
  • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

    Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
    These resolutions stated that the individual states had the right to "nullify" anything they saw as unconstitutional.
  • Napoleon becomes Consul

    Napoleon becomes Consul
    in 1799, Napoleon becomes the First Consul of the French First Republicof France.
  • Volta invents electric battery

    Volta invents electric battery
    in 1800, Volta creates the electric battery which convers stored chemical energy into electrical energy
  • Burr and Hamilton Duel

    Burr and Hamilton Duel
    Burr–Hamilton duel was a duel between two prominent American politicians. Alexander Hamilton and sitting Aaron Burr
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    Louisiana Purchase was a deal giving america 828,000 square miles for 15,000 dollars from the French
  • Macon's Bill No. 2

    Macon's Bill No. 2
    This bill tried lift the embargo act and make trading we france and britian. Britian said no and france said yes
  • Battle of Tippecanoe

    Battle of Tippecanoe
    This battle was Between United States forces led by Governor William Henry Harrison of the Indiana Territory and Native American.
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  • Willard Establishes Female Seminary

    Willard Establishes Female Seminary
    Emma Willard School is an independent university-preparatory day and boarding school for young women, located in Troy, New York on Mount Ida, offering grades 9-12 and postgraduate coursework.

  • American Colonization Society formed

    American Colonization Society formed
    he American Colonization Society (ACS) was formed in 1817 to send free African-Americans to Africa as an alternative to emancipation in the United States. In 1822, the society established on the west coast of Africa a colony that in 1847 became the independent nation of Liberia. By 1867, the society had sent more than 13,000 emigrants.
  • Jefferson founds University of Virginia

    Jefferson founds University of Virginia
    Thomas Jefferson left the Presidency but continued to be active and wanted to establish an institute of higher learning and have it be free of church influences. Jefferson thought the education of people would lead to an organized society. His dream was realized in 1819 with the founding of the University of Virginia. Upon its opening in 1825, it was then the first university to offer a full slate of elective courses to its students.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    In an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states, the Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state. Furthermore, with the exception of Missouri, this law prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of the 36° 30´ latitude line. In 1854, the Missouri Compromise was repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Three years later the Missouri Compromise was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court i
  • Cooper publshes The Spy

    Cooper publshes The Spy
    Cooper's second try, The Spy (1821), a fascinating tale of the not-so-long-ago War of Independence, was based on the adventures of an agent during the British occupation of New York. Various scholars aver that in The Spy, American fiction is said to have come of age, with love of country as its theme, and its hero, a spy who had served John Jay against the British.
  • Erie Canal

    Erie Canal
    The Eire canal was completed on this day and it promoted trade along it with other states
  • American Temperence Society founded

    American Temperence Society founded
    The American Temperance Society (ATS), first known as the American Society for the Promotion of Temperance, was established in Boston, Massachusetts on February 13, 1826. The organization was co-founded by two Presbyterian ministers, Dr. Justin Edwards and the better-known Lyman Beecher. The latter was strongly anti-Catholic and also a racist who refused to permit African-American students in his classes at Lane Theological Seminary
  • Andrew Jackson

    Andrew Jackson
    in 1828, Andrew Jackson would be elected president. His Vice Presidnet would be John C, Calhoun
  • Noah Webster publishes dictionary

    Noah Webster publishes dictionary
    While Noah Webster, just a few years after producing his famous Dictionary of the English Language, would produce his own modern translation of the English Bible in 1833; the public remained too loyal to the King James Version for Webster’s version to have much impact.
  • First railroad in United States

    First railroad in United States
    On July 4, 1828 Charles Carroll, the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence, ceremoniously broke ground for the start of the first railroad in the United States, the Baltimore & Ohio. The railroad, which at first utilized horses to pull its trains, introduced the first commercially successful steam locomotives to America. The railroad was considered important enough to the internal improvement of the United States that the government provided West Point engineers to oversee its
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The Removal Act was strongly supported in the South, where states were eager to gain access to lands inhabited by the Five Civilized Tribes. The act would later remove these tribes and would create the trail of tears
  • Joseph Smith founds Mormon Church

    Joseph Smith founds Mormon Church
    The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traces its current dispensation beginnings to Joseph Smith, Jr. on April 6, 1830 in Western New York.[10] Initial converts were drawn to the church in part because of the newly published Book of Mormon, a self-described chronicle of indigenous American prophets that Smith said he had translated from golden plates.[11]
  • Second Great Awakening

    Second Great Awakening
    The Second Great Awakening was a Christian revival movement during the early 19th century in the United States. It enrolled millions of new members, and led to the formation of new denominations.
  • Nat Turner

    Nat Turner
    Nat Turner was an American slave who led a slave rebellion in Virginia on August 21, 1831 that resulted in 60 white deaths and at least 100 black deaths
  • Compromise Tariff

    Compromise Tariff
    proposed by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun as a resolution to the Nullification Crisis.
  • Anti-Catholic riot in Boston

    Anti-Catholic riot in Boston
    The Ursuline Convent Riots were riots that occurred on August 11 and August 12, 1834 in Charlestown, Massachusetts, near Boston in what is now Somerville, Massachusetts. During the riot, a convent of Roman Catholic Ursuline nuns was burned down by a Protestant mob. The event was triggered by reported abuse of a member of the order, and was fueled by the rebirth of extreme anti-Catholic sentiment in antebellum New England.
  • John Deere develops steel plow

    John Deere develops steel plow
    1837 John Deere develops the steel walking plow. Plows had evolved for thousands of years and worked well in soil previously farmed. Plowing the Illinois prairie for the first time was hampered by soil that stuck to the plow. John Deere curved a broken steel sawmill blade that let the soil slide off the plow. Animal-drawn plows were the heart of John Deere business for the next eight decades.
  • Mob kllls abolitionist Lovejoy in Alton, Illinois

    Mob kllls abolitionist Lovejoy in Alton, Illinois
    Elijah Parish Lovejoy (November 9, 1802 – November 7, 1837) was an American Presbyterian minister, journalist and newspaper editor who was murdered by a mob in Alton, Illinois for his abolitionist views. He had a deep religious upbringing, as his father was a Congregational minister and his mother a devout Christian. He attended Waterville College in his home state of Maine, and graduated at the top of his class, with first class honors. Afterwards, he traveled to Illinois, and after realizing t
  • Weld publishes American Slavery As It Is

    Weld publishes American Slavery As It Is
    "American Slavery As It Is" (1839) - Inspired by Charles Grandison Finney, Theodore Weld publishes a pamphlet, "American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses" which is considered by many to be the greatest abolitionist pamphlet ever written. This pamphlet published by the American Anti-slavery Society was designed to portray the horrors of slavery by using personal narratives and first-hand testimonials from freedmen and whites. It describes in detail the daily life of a slave; th
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  • Liberty party organized

    Liberty party organized
    The Liberty Party was a minor political party in the United States in the 1840s (with some offshoots surviving into the 1850s and 1860s). The party was an early advocate of the abolitionist cause. It broke away from the American Anti-Slavery Society (AASS) to advocate the view that the Constitution was an anti-slavery document; William Lloyd Garrison, leader of the AASS, held the contrary view that the Constitution should be condemned as an evil pro-slavery document. The party included abolition
  • Liberty party emerges

    Liberty party emerges
    The start of the Liberty party.
  • Dorthea Dix petitions Massachusetts

    Dorthea Dix petitions Massachusetts
    Dorthea Dix wants to improve the care of the mentally ill patient.
  • Mexican War

    Mexican War
    Mexico and United States enter into war.
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    Gold is found in the state of California.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    Meixcan War is ended by this treaty.
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    Harriet Tubman was well known for her work with the underground railroad.
  • Fillmore assumes presidency

    Fillmore assumes presidency
    Taylor dies after only four weeks in office.
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe

    Harriet Beecher Stowe
    Uncle Tom's Cabin is published.
  • Doom of the Whig Party

    Doom of the Whig Party
    The Whig party met its end
  • Douglas's Kansas-Nebraska Scheme

    Douglas's Kansas-Nebraska Scheme
    Senator Stephen Douglas attempted an offer to offset the southern western expansion.
  • Financial Crash

    Financial Crash
    Following the Dred Scott decision, hard times followed and bad economic times came.
  • Lincoln-Douglas debates

    Lincoln-Douglas debates
    Lincoln challenges Douglas to a series of seven debates.
  • Brown raids Hapers Ferry

    Brown raids Hapers Ferry
    Brown leads the way to raid Harper's Ferry but is killed.
  • Lincoln wins Presidency

    Lincoln wins Presidency
    Lincoln won a four-way race for President
  • Seven states secede

    Seven states secede
    South Carolina leads the succession and the Confederate States of America is formed.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    first major land battle of the American Civil War.The South defeated the north
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Fought in Gettysbrug, Pa. It was the major turning point in the war and favored the North