Clara F Ferreira

  • Exchange between John Smith and Powhatan

    When John Smith arrived in America he wanted to explore all food, at the same time the Natives wanted to have more access to weapons. Also this exchange revealed the roots of conflict between settlers and Indians which they had a friendship in the begining, and there were different points o views about personality, business and ways to make money but it was ruined because the promises to not start a war were broken.
  • Bacon`s Rebellion

    Bacon` s Rebellion was a controversion event that happened in the colony of Virginia which the lider was Nathaniel Bacon, a planter who called for the removal of all Indians from the colony and a reduction of taxes because of the government of William Berkeley which had run a corrupt regime. Aulthought Bacon wanted to limbered people from the corruption and the high taxes from the government, he ended up enslaving others and spreading racism in America, resulting in many dealths
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution was a pacific revolutionary movement. It was through this revolution that the exchange of monarchical absolutism for the parliamentary monarchy took place in England. Its main causes were Political conflicts between Protestants and Catholics, James II's political actions towards achieving a restoration of absolutism in England, which was weakening. Protestants did not accept the strengthening of Catholicism and the continuity of absolutism.
  • English Bill of Rights

    The Bill of Rights was a document established and approved by the Parliament of England. This document limited the king's power in England, increasing the power of Parliament by emphasing that monarchs could not create laws, impose taxes, courts and armies without the Parliament`s consent. The ideas established in this document would later help shape the American Bll of Rights which spells out the rights of the people of the US in relation to their government.
  • Salem Witch Trails

    The event happened in Salem Village, New England. In the 17th century witchcraft was a serious crime, and because of some reasons like jealous, religion, government power and social classes, a lot of women were accused of being witches and there were hangins for all town to watch.
  • Enlightenment

    The Enlightenment was an influential cultural, social, philosophical and political process that happened in the 1700s in Europe. Some thinkers believed that natural laws, logic and rationalism (use of reason) could applied to social, political and economic relationship. Also, The causes of the Enlightenment were the Commercial and Cultural Renaissance, the strengthening and rediscovery of the racial view of the world, coming from Greek philosophy, added to the rise of the bourgeoisie
  • Triangular Trade and Rise of Cities

    The Triangle Trade was a three ways of exchange of goods. In this case, New England used to merchants fish, meat and lumber to Caribbean. At the same time, they received raw sugar and bills of exchange from England merchants. Also, New England would trade it for hardware and linens. The trade with the Caribbean sugar plantations made the New England merchants rich, so they built factories to refine raw sugar to turn it into rum and rice so they could send it to the Southern colonies.
  • Sugar Act

    The Sugar Act was passed by the English Parliament with the aim of ending smuggling and protecting English farmers living in the Antilles. The sugar that entered (exported) in the United States of America was taxed, so it was allowed to buy sugar exported only from the English Antilles. Another objective was to encourage settlers to consume only sugar marketed directly from the English. So the taxes that they had to pay on molasses, the sea, the coffee, the luxury items increased.
  • Stamp Act

    In 1765, the English crown created a law for its thirteen colonies in North America in which it determined that all printed material (newspapers, magazines, etc.) in the colony should have a printed seal purchased from England to circulate legally. The main objective of the Stamp Act was to increase the collection of taxes on the colonies and therefore increase the coffers of the British crown.
  • Boston Massacre

    The Boston Massacre happened on March 5,1770 and was a violent reaction by American soldiers against the protest of colonists who tried to fight for their rights. During the violent riot, British soldiers fired on the crowd protesting against poor living conditions and high taxes, which resulted in the deaths of five people and six others were injured. There is two points of view about this event, about the colonists having rights or not to fight against the low taxes
  • Tea Act

    The Tea Act was one of many tariff laws enacted by England against the interests of its colonies, in a set of laws that became known as "Intolerable Acts". It increased tea taxes and prevented American settlers from negotiating tea with another country, so they could only negotiate with England.Outraged by the situation, they poured a whole shipment of tea into the ocean at what became known as the Boston Tea Party.
  • Boston Tea Party

    In 1773, American settlers decided to react against England's new taxes. Disguised as Indians, they mingled with harbor workers in Boston, and threw all the India Company tea shipment into the sea. This boycott was organized by the pro-independence group. After the event, the British government punished the inhabitants of Boston, closing the city's harbor and delegating to the military the right to occupy civilian homes.
  • First Continetal Congress

    The First Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from 12 of the thirteen colonies (with the exception of Georgia) held on September 10, in Philadelphia. It basicaly affirmed the sovereighty of associations and tried to cancel the Intorable Acts. However, the congress did not solved the crisis so the delegates decided to hold a Second Continental congress to resolve the porblem with the taxes.
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

    This Battle happened in Massacusetts and was the first one and was also the beginning of the American Revolution. Everything started when the British patrol arrived with troops to seize the colonists’ military stores at Concord. However, they found out that most of the military supplies had been removed before the British arrived. The fight broke and then the British were forced to retreat so all the Americans had they first victory.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    The Battle of Bunker Hill happened in Charlestown (now Boston) and was the first major battle in the American Revolution since the fact that it helped to build American confidence and it encourage the revolutionary cause. Although the British attacked the colonits, at some point they realised that they lost a lot of soldiers which prove it that the American army could faced and the British troops. Because of this, that battle ended up being a stalemate because the American army also retreated.
  • Battle of Trenton

    The Battle of Trenton happened in New Jersey between December 1776 to January 1777 and it represented the first successes won by George Washington. Althoght the troops had to go though a hard journey, the battle was short and the Americans did not lose a lot of soldiers. That fact enabled to restored Americans morable and confidence. Also, after the war the Amerian campaign started to emphasis and demostrated that the Continental army could fight and win against the British troops.
  • Common Sense

    Common Sense was a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine who later fight against the Britishin the American independence war. In his book, he questioned the authority and power of the British government. His language was to encourage the colonists to ask for independence from Great Britain an it was the first work to openly talk about independence. Paine emphasis that most of the information people should already know, he also wrote that the revolution would be great and super important for everyone.
  • Declaration of Independence

    The Declaration of Independence was a document approved by the Continental Congress that determined The United States freedom from Great Britain. Also, it emphased the colonies were now states and had their own rights to make laws, alliances and to control trade and government power. The document was written by Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin and others and it was signed in Philadelphia,US. This event is the reason why there is a holiday in fourth of july, to celebrate freedom.
  • Valley Forge

    Valley Forge was the place when the six month encampment of George Washington Army happened during December 1777 and June 1778. It represents a turning point in the American revolution war since the fact that it made the Continental army come back even stroger. The acampment had really hard, cold and harsh weather conditions and at the same time there was no enough supplies which fact transformed a battered Continental Army into a unified world class fighting force capable of beating the British
  • Vermont banned slavery

    In 1777, after the war began freedom or emacipation from eslavement was a major issue. So, based on that Vermont was the first colony to banned slavery which helped to spred some abolition movements between the states. Also, everything that happened during the American Revolution encourage the slaves to build their own distinct culture and to come up with new ideas of equality and liberty.
  • Articles of Confederation

    The Congress decided that the colonies needed to be united by some type of central government so they established a weak central one named Articles of Confederation. The Congress that was represented by every state could start wars, raise armies and sign treaties. However, they could not impose taxes or regulate trade. The colonists did not like this government because they did not wanted to risk their independence with a government that might become tyrannical.
  • On the Equality of the Sexes- Essay

    This essay was written by Judith Sargent Murray after observing some changes when a lot of women participate in the American war. The document ague that women and men could be equally inteligent but it was necessary to expand girls` education. In that period of time, a lot of schools for girls were founded which incresed the number of women who could read. Also,the essay represents that after the revolution women started to think about their rights so they stated to have more access to education
  • The Battle of Kings Mountain

    The Battle of Kings Mountain happened in South Carolina during the American Revolution. This Battle was a turning point in the revolution since the fact that the americans were furious with british treament, so they created their own forces. With the right strategies, the americans won which devastated the loyalist in the South. Also, it was one the setbacks that devastated the Britain in the end.
  • The Treaty of Paris

    The Treaty of Paris was the final settlement which determined that The United States was a new nation now recongnized by England. Great Britain also reconized the end of th war and the end of American Revolution. Also, it determined that Florida was now for Spain and France also received some lands in Africa and Caribbean.
  • Shay`s rebellion

    The rebellion happened in Massachusets and started when the government decided to increase taxes on issuing paper money to pay their debts. Most farmers were affected by it and some of them lost their farms because they could not pay the taxes.Farmers close down several courts to prevent foreclosures and then marched to the supreme court. Also, Shay forced men to attack an arsenal. Four farmers died and the rest was repulsed. This rebellion began thearguments for a stroger national government.
  • The Constitutional Convention

    The Constitutional Convention was a discussion between all states about trade and taxation problems. The delegates wanted to crate a stroger national government that could represent small and big states. Also, they belived that due to the political and economic problems that the US was facing, the new nation would not survive without a central government, so the Articles of Confederation needed to be replaced or revised. The delegates wanted to balance rights so they meet in Philadelphia.
  • Bill of Rights

    The English Bill of Rights were the first ten amendments to the Constitution. These ten wanted to protect people and guarantee that they had basic rights, like freedom of speech, right and to be trial by a jury. Also, it established the relationship between people in the US and the government. After that, some more amendments like abolish slavery, authorize an income tax and the right of voting were add
  • Proclamation of Neutrality

    The Proclamation of Neutrality was a official annoucement of the United States government toward the conflicts between France and Britain in which the US agreed to stay neutral. It threatened legal proceedings against any American providing assistence. This proclamation proved that the US had some isolationist times, in that event the naton was not prepared for another war and it was also time for them to focus on its own national identity.
  • Election of 1800

    The election of 1800 was a uphill battle and an turning point in American history because it showed that with elections the power in the US could be peacefully transfered. In this event, the federalists control the army, presidency and congress but they refused to step down the Constitution. The republicans had intented for one elector refrain from voting for Burr but they had some aumount of votes so the House had to choose. Also, Bayard cast a blank ballot so Jefferson could be president.
  • 1st Barbary war

    The firsrt barbary war was a conflict between the US and tripole incited by american refusal to continue payment of tribute to the pirate rulers. In this event, the United States was affected in a favorable way by the war and the country also had an exchange for immunity and contact with European nations.
  • Louisiana purchase

    The Louisiana Purchase was a deal that doubled the size of The United States and gave the nation control of the entire Mississipi River. In this event, Napoleon offered to sell Louisiana to the US and the country ended up buying from France. Also, they agreed to take on French debts owned to American citizens. This puchase also happened because Jefferson belived the republic could only survive if most of people owned land and had control, so that is why he wanted to expand farther west.
  • Essex Junto

    The Essex Junto was a group of federalists that draft a plan to take New England out of the Union. During the campaing for governor for New York, Burr challenged Hamilton to duel. Hamilton refused to fire so Burr shot and killed his foe. In this even, Burr was accused of plotting to create his own country in wester US. He was charged with treason but acquitted.
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition

    The Lewis and Clark Expedition was a expedition into Louisiana to Missouri and find a route to the Pacific Ocean. They found a path through the Rocky Mountains and traced the Columbia river to the Pacific Ocean. This expedition gave The United States aclaim to the Oregon territory along the coast and that is why it is important
  • Pike expedition

    The Pike Expedition happened when Pike decided to explore the Louisiana purchase. He mapped the upper Mississipi and went to find headwaters of Arkansas River. Also, Pike travelled to Colorado and across Mexico, now Texas, and mapped Rio Grande. This event was important because it provided to Americans detailed descriptions of the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains.
  • Embargo of 1807

    The Embargo of 1807 was when Jefferson decided to close American waters to British warships and soon increase military and naval expeditions. It wanted to forbade all exports from the US to any country so it had one of the biggest economic impacts. The action of closing American waters was to avoid war.
  • War of 1812

    The War of 1812 was the second major clash between the US and Britain that did not end with a clear victory.This conflict gave americans a strong sense of national pride. In the beggining it forbate trade between France and Britain while authorizing the president to reopen trade with agreements.The refusal of the US to buy goods from Britain worked and hurted Britain economy.However, when Britain decided to end all restrictions on America trade it was too late and they had already declared war.
  • Monroe Doutrine

    The Monroe Doutrine was a conerstone of US foreign policy enunciated by the President James Monroe that declared that the old and new world had different systems but the United States would not interfere in the internal affairs of the wars between European powers. It also intended to defend newly developed nations independent of the entire American continent from possible recolonization and to guarantee the non-interference of European countries in American countries.
  • Jackson inaugurated

    In 1829, Andrew Jackson became the new president of the United States.Jackson was the first non-elite man to hold the position and his inauguration became part of the american folkore since a lot of people watched.Despite having notoriety and followers, he left a mis-seen legacy as soon as his passage through the White House was troubled and marked by expansionist policies for the preservation of the National Union and its effort to remove native American Indians from the country's territory.
  • Trail of Tears

    The Trail of Tears happened between 1830 and 1840 in the United States when Jackson was the president. It represents the trips of forced relocation and migration, imposed by the Government of the United States of America to the various tribes of Indians. The natives were forced to move from their lands to Oklahoma so the government (white people) could have more lands and automatically more power and control. In long term effects, it led to a lot of deaths and the natives losing their traditions
  • Jackson opposes Second Bank of the United States

    This is an important event for jackson`s legacy and It was one of the most definitive acts of his presidency because it guaranteed his re-election later. The reasons why he vetoed the bank bill included more than constitution things but also political. Jackson`s democracy ended up defined by the fact that rejecting the second bank made him seems like celebrating the role of the small farmer, worker, average craftspace which became significant.
  • Jackson wins reelection

    In the 1832 presidential election, Democrat Jackson got more than 56% of the popular vote and nearly five times as many electoral votes as his Whig opponent, Henry Clay. Jackson`s victory was due to the fact that he accused the Bank of undue economic privilege and so his views won the approval of the American electorate. This election represents the use of national nominating committees and the entrance of third parties onto the national scene.