Maine was admitted as a free state and Missouri as a slave state. The rest of the Louisiana Territory was split into two parts. The dividing line was in the middle of the country, exactly at a latitude of 36°30´ north. The president at the time was Andrew Jackson.
San Felipe de Austin
It was a main settlement of a colony. By 1825, Austin had issued 297 land grants to the group that later became known as Texas’s Old Three Hundred. Each family was given either 177 of inexpensive farmland, or 4,428 acres for stock grazing, as well as a 10-year exemption from paying taxes. By 1830, there were more than 20,000 Americans in Texas.
Mexico Ends Slavery
Many of the settlers who moved to Texas were Southerners,
who had brought slaves with them to Texas. Mexico, which had abolished slavery in 1829, insisted in vain that they freed their slaves.
It was a movement to abolish slavery, which later became one of the most important series of reform movements in America.
Nat Turner's Rebellion
He was one of the most prominent rebellions. Along with Turner, more than 50 other followers attacked four plantations & killed about 60 whites. Although, the whites eventually captured as many members & executed them, along with Turner.
It was written by William Lloyd Garrison & Isaac Knapp. It was more religious than political, and appealed to the moral conscience of its readers, urging them to immediately free slaves.
Stephen F. Austin Goes to Jail
Austin traveled to Mexico City to present petitions to President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna for a greater self-government of Texas. Although, during his journey home, he was imprisoned for the inciting of a revolution.
Settlers and traders used old and new Native American routes. The Santa Fe Trail was one of the busiest though. It stretched 780 miles from Missouri, to Santa Fe in the Mexican province of New Mexico.
It was a rebellion in which Texas had finally gained its independence from Mexico.
Texas Enters the United States
Texans hoped that the United States would annex their republic, but U.S. opinion divided along sectional lines. Southerners wanted Texas in order to extend slavery, which already had been established there. Northerners feared that the annexation of more slave territory would tip the uneasy balance in the Senate in favor of slave states
It stretched from Missouri to Oregon City, Oregon. The first travelers to reach it were Marcus & Narcissa Whitman with their wagon, which proved that wagons were able to travel on Oregon Trail.
It gave Americans the belief that they had to expand to the Pacific, Mexico, and Native American territory.
It was an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 1848.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Mexico agreed that the Rio Grande was the border between Texas & Mexico, & ceded New Mexico & California territories to the U.S. Five years later, President Franklin Pierce authorized James Gadsden to pay Mexico for more land from the south of the Gila River in order to secure their railroad to the Pacific Ocean. W/ the settlement of Oregon boundary & Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, the Gadsden Purchase established the current borders of the contiguous 48 states.
She feared that she would be resold after the death of her "owner". She succeeded in running for freedom by reaching Philadelphia. After the Fugitive Slave Act passed, she went to work in the Underground Railroad. In all, she made 19 trips back to the South & freed 300 slaves (including her parents).
Compromise of 1850
With much concern with the border dispute in which the slave state of Texas claimed the eastern half of New Mexico Territory, where the issue of slavery hadn't been settled yet. Passions mounted with threats of Southern secession, the formal withdrawal of states from the Union became more common with this.
Fugitive Slave Act
It was to please the South. The Act was about slaves that would run away, and their "owners" were aloud to go and catch them.
It was created by free African Americans & white abolitionists. It's purpose was to hide fugitive slaves, & free them by giving them new clothes as well as bringing them to the North, where they either stayed there, or journeyed all the way to Canada.
The North Star
It was written by Frederick Douglas. The North Star was meant to be an antislavery newspaper, to encourage abolition.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
It was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. It was about the stress that slavery wasn't just a political opinion, but also a moral struggle.
A bill was passed in Congress that would divide the two states, Nebraska was part of the North, and Kansas was part of the South. It was proposed by Senator Stephen Douglas.
Dred Scott v. Sandford
Dread Scott was a slave who's "owner" kept bring him from the slave state of Missouri, and the free state of Illinois & Wisconsin, & back to Missouri. He wanted to be free because he was in a free state and territory as a slave. The final verdict was that African Americans would never be citizens, making Scott have no right to even filing a lawsuit. He was left enslaved.
John Brown's Raid/Harpers Ferry
John Brown was an abolitionist who studied old slave uprisings, & believed that it was time for it to happen in the U.S. Brown later obtained secret financial aid from several prominent Northern abolitionists. On the night of Oct. 16, 1859, Brown led 21 white & black men to Harpers Ferry, Virgina. The aim of it was to seize federal arsenal & start a slave uprising. The uprising never occurred, & instead troops ended the rebellion. Brown was then tied & put to death by authorities.
Abraham Lincoln & Stephen Douglas Debates
Lincoln was a Republican, & Douglas was a Democrat. Lincoln wanted to end slavery, while Douglas wanted to keep slavery. In the end, Lincoln won.
Abraham Lincoln Becomes President
Although he appeared moderate in his views, he pledged to halt the further spread of slavery, & tried to reassure Southerners he'd never interfere with their slaves, yet this didn't win approval from them. He won the elections w/ less than half of popular vote, & no electoral votes from the South because he wasn't on their ballots. The Union outlook was grim.
Formation of the Confederacy
It was established on December 20, 1860. S. Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, & Texas were the states that joined. They elected the former senator of Mississippi, Jefferson Davis, as their president.
Battle of Bull Run
It took place after 3 months of the attack on Fort Sumter. In the morning, the Union army gained the upper hand, but the Confederates held firm. The end result was that the Union won, due to the Confederates being too exhausted.
Attack on Fort Sumter
It happened on April 12th, 1861. The Confederate batteries began thundering their way to the cheers of Charleston's citizens. This resulted in a deadly fight between the North and the South.
Battle of Antietam
It was on Sept. 17th, 1861. It was one of the bloodiest battles, that took one day, in American History. The next day, MClellan did nothing to end the war, which resulted in Lincoln firing him.
It was the nation's first income tax for the war. It took a specific percentage of a person's income.
It happened on January 1st, 1863. It was to free slaves. The effect it had on the war was that the Southerners were no longer part of America, so they kept their slaves. The Northerners had to now fight for the freedom of slaves.
It was a draft that forced men to serve in the army. The draft led to draft riots in the North, the most violent one took place in New York.
Battle at Gettysburg
It started on July 1st, 1863. The Union's military leader, Buford, order his men to defensive positions surrounding the town. The Confederates marched into town, and Buford's men started shooting. They both called for reinforcements. The end result was 90,000 Union troops had taken the field against 75,000 Confederates.