Incident put fear in the heart of Southerners and resulted in even harsher laws against slaves, and deepened the schism between slave-holders and free-soilers (an anti-slavery political party)
William Lloyd Garrison Published The Liberator
Famous abolitionist newspaper and helped widen the gap between the North and South
American Anti-Slavery Society Begins
Was help led by Fredrick Douglass and was an abolitionist led group
Sarah Grimke’s Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women
Grimke defended the right of women to speak in public in defense of a moral cause.
Henry Highland Garnet’s “Address to the Slaves of the United States of America”
Encouraged slaves to rebel in some type of way and inspired slave revolts
Women’s Rights Convention at Seneca Falls
First women's rights convention "It advertised itself as "a convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman""
Harriett Tubman Escapes from Slavery
Tubman eventually frees a bunch of other slaves and became a famous icon in slave history
Democratic Party Splits into Northern and Southern Halves
Shows the true divide between the issue of slavery in the nation
Compromise of 1850
Defused a four-year political confrontation between slave and free states on the status of territories acquired during the Mexican–American War
Fugitive Slave Act
Provided for the seizure and return of runaway slaves who escaped from one state into another or into a federal territory (Part of compromise of 1850)
Sojourner Truth Delivered her “Ain’t I a Woman” Speech
Famous speech given at a women's convention and encouraged women's rights
Harriet Beecher Stowe Published Uncle Tom’s Cabin
The book had a major influence on the way the American public viewed slavery and had over 300k copies sold
series of violent civil confrontations in the United States between 1854 and 1861 which emerged from a political and ideological debate over the legality of slavery in the proposed state of Kansas
Allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders
Republican Party Founded
Founded under the issue of slavery and caused a even bigger gap between the relations of the the south and north
Creation of the Radical Republicans
Aided the cause of the civil war and reconstruction era after the civil war and did not want to compromise when it came to the eradication of slavery
Dred Scott Decision
This decision affirmed the right of slave owners to take their slaves into the Western territories, there by negating the doctrine of popular sovereignty and severely undermining the platform of the newly created Republican Party.
It contained clauses protecting slaveholding and a bill of rights excluding free blacks, and it added to the frictions leading up to the U.S. Civil War and was issued in Kansas
Panic of 1857
First global economic crisis due to international trade
Addressing the problem that had divided the nation into two hostile camps and that threatened the continued existence of the Union.
John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry
Abolitionist group that raid Harper Ferry and shows the divide between the country
South Carolina Secedes from the Union
First state to secede and beginning of the Civil war
Abraham Lincoln Elected President
Causes mass disappointment in the Democrats because he was able to beat Douglass
Confederate States of America Founded
6 seceded states found a new country called the "Confederate States of America" and unified the slave states and officially isolated them from the northern states
Firing on Fort Sumter
Start of the Civil war and south wins
Battle of Antietam
The Union’s claim of victory at Antietam and Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation are thought to be why Republicans held the House in the 1862 mid-term elections and it ended hope for Britain and France for them to help the confederates
Battle of Gettysburg
Turning point of the war and Lee lost a third of all of his men
Proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." and helped end slavery in the US forever
Lincoln gave an inspiring speech that has become one of the most popular speeches in American history.
General U.S. Grant Assumed Command of Union Troops
US General who helped lead the Union to victory by being able to control all of US troops
Sherman’s March to the Sea
His goal was to destroy internal improvements in order to crush the confederates within the inside
Abraham Lincoln Reelected
Showed that even in war that America would still undergo elections in order to show that we still stood under the idea of democracy
Lincoln was shot by the confederates and the north suffered a major loss because of this
Ku Klux Klan formed
Hate group that was created to suppress blacks in the country after the civil war and it mostly worked for a while
Congress Passed the 13th Amendment
This officially ended slavery in the US for good as it was now part of the constitution
Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House
The resulting Battle of Appomattox Court House, which lasted only a few hours, effectively brought the four-year Civil War to an end.
Andrew Johnson Became President
Became pres. after Lincoln was shot and gave ex-confederates a lot rights and was not that good of president
Johnson Announced Plans for Presidential Reconstruction
Andrew Johnson implemented a plan of Reconstruction that gave the white South a free hand in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom and offered no role to blacks in the politics of the South.
Arrival of Scalawags and Carpetbaggers in the South
Scalawags made up the biggest group of delegates to the Radical Reconstruction-era legislatures and moved mostly south after the civil war and some were planters
Freedman’s Bureau Established
established in 1865 by Congress to help millions of former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the Civil War.
Civil Rights Act Passed over Johnson’s Veto
overrides a veto by President Andrew Johnson. The law's chief thrust was to offer protection to slaves freed in the aftermath of the Civil War. Which again shows a divide
First Congressional Reconstruction Act passed
legislation enacted in 1867–68 that outlined the conditions under which the Southern states would be readmitted to the Union following the American Civil War (Mostly written by radical republicans)
14th Amendment Ratified
Grants citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" which included former slaves who had just been freed after the Civil War.
Andrew Johnson Impeached
Showed the divide in the nation after the Civil war as radical republicans and republicans were seeking for power within the nation
U.S. Grant Elected President
working to implement Congressional Reconstruction and to remove the vestiges of slavery
15th Amendment Ratified
the 15th amendment granted African American men the right to vote.
Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court)
the amendment was interpreted to convey limited protection pertinent to a small minority of rights.
U.S. v. Cruikshank
Court’s decision was further evidence of its narrow interpretation of the Fourteenth Amendment as well as the federal government’s diminishing focus on Reconstruction.
Period of “Redemption” after the Civil War
Was the direct cause of the end of the reconstruction era in 1877 and white democrats in the south took over from the radical republicans in the south
Compromise of 1877
It resulted in the United States federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and formally ended the Reconstruction Era.