Civil war cover

Civil War Timeline

  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Agreement that admits Maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state.
  • Santa Fe Trail

    Santa Fe Trail
    Stretched 780 miles from Independence, Missouri to
    Santa Fe in the Mexican province of New Mexico.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Agreement that Maine was admitted as a free state and Missouri as a slave state.
  • Santa Fe Trail

    Santa Fe Trail
    Stretched 780 miles from Independence, Missouri, to
    Santa Fe in the Mexican province of New Mexico.
  • San Felipe De Austin

    San Felipe De Austin
    A colony where “no drunkard, no gambler, no profane
    swearer, and no idler” would be allowed. Created by STephen F. AUstin. This was made possible from permission by Spain and Mexico.
  • Mexico abolishes slavery

    Mexico abolishes slavery
    Mexico insisted that the Texans abolish slavery too, and many Mexican states revolted because they supported slavery.
  • The Liberator

    The Liberator
    Active in religious reform movements
    in Massachusetts, Garrison became the editor of an antislavery paper in 1828.
    He wrote the Liberator which he wrote that he wanted immediate emancipation.
  • Nat Turners Rebellion

    Nat Turners Rebellion
    In August 1831, Turner and more than 50 followers attacked four
    plantations and killed about 60 whites. White people eventually captured and executed
    many members of the group, including Turner
  • Stephen F Thompson goes to jail

    Stephen F Thompson goes to jail
    Stephen Austin had
    traveled to Mexico City in 1833 to present petitions to Mexican government. While
    Austin was on his way home, they had Austin imprisoned for inciting
  • Texas Revolution

    Texas Revolution
    Mexican President Santa Anna suspends local powers in Texas and other Mexican states and many people revolted against this.
  • Oregon Trail

    Oregon Trail
    Stretched from Independence,
    Missouri, to Oregon City, Oregon.Proved that wagons could ride on thsi trail, mostly pioneers migrated on this trail.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    The belief that the United States was to expand to the Pacific
    Ocean and into Mexican and Native American territory.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    Expressed the belief that the United States was to expand to the Pacific
    Ocean and into Mexican and Native American territory.
  • Abolition

    The movement to abolish slavery, became the most important of a series of reform movements in America.
  • Texas enters the United States

    Texas enters the United States
    On December 29, 1845,
    Texas entered the Union.
  • The North Star

    The North Star
    Anti slavery paper created by Fredrick Douglass.
  • Mexican-American War

    Mexican-American War
    Armed conflict between United States and Mexico
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    Mexico agreed to the Rio Grande as the border between Texas and Mexico and
    ceded the New Mexico and California territories to the United States.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    California admitted into union as free state, and proposed better fugitive state laws.
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    Free African Americans and white abolitionists developed a
    secret network of people who would risk themselves to help hide fugitive
    slaves through a system of secret routes.
  • Harriet Tubman

    Harriet Tubman
    Harriet Tubman was a free black person, and he came back to be a conductor on the underground railroad to help free slaves.
  • Fugitive Slave Acts

    Fugitive Slave Acts
    Under the law,
    alleged fugitive slaves were not entitled to a trial by jury. In addition, anyone convicted of helping a fugitive was liable for a fine or could go to prison.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    By Harriett Beecher Stowe which stressed
    that slavery was not just a political contest, but also a great moral struggle.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    Kansas Nebraska Act
    Nebraska in the north and
    Kansas in the south
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Dred Scott v. Sandford
    Dred Scott’s slave master had brought him from the slave state
    of Missouri to live for a time in free territory and in the free state of Illinois. Eventually
    they returned to Missouri. Scott believed that because he had lived in free territory, he
    should be free. In 1854 he sued in federal court for his freedom. The court ruled against
    him, and he appealed to the Supreme Court.
  • Abraham Lincoln and Fredrick Douglass debates

    Abraham Lincoln and Fredrick Douglass debates
    Neither wanted slavery in the territories,
    but they disagreed on how to keep it out. Douglas believed deeply in
    popular sovereignty. Lincoln, on the other hand, believed that slavery
    was immoral.
  • John Browns Raid/ Harpers ferry

    John Browns Raid/ Harpers ferry
    On the night of October 16, 1859,
    John Brown led a band of 21 men, black and white, into Harpers Ferry, Virginia
    (now West Virginia). His aim was to seize the federal arsenal there
    and start a general slave uprising.
  • Abraham Lincoln becomes president

    Abraham Lincoln becomes president
    Lincoln emerged as the winner with less than half the popular
    vote and with no electoral votes from the South. He did not even appear on the
    ballot in most of the slave states because of Southern hostility toward him. The
    outlook for the Union was grim.
  • Income Tax

    Income Tax
    A tax that takes a specified percentage of an individual’s income
  • Formation of the Confederacy

    Formation of the Confederacy
    Jefferson Davis was president, S. Carolina, Mississipi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, And texas
  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    Attack on Fort Sumter
    AN island on Charleston Harbor that got attacked by the union.
  • Battle at Antietam

    Battle at Antietam
    The clash proved to be the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with casualties
    totaling more than 26,000.
  • Battle At Gettysburg

    Battle At Gettysburg
    Began on July 1 when Confederate soldiers led by A. P. Hill encountered several brigades of Union cavalry under the command of John Buford, an
    experienced officer from Illinois.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    In November 1863, a ceremony was held to dedicate a cemetery in Gettysburg. There, President Lincoln spoke for a little more
    than two minutes. And gave his Gettysnurg Adress
  • Battle of Bull Run

    Battle of Bull Run
    25 miles from
    Washington, D.C. The battle was a seesaw affair. In the afternoon Confederate
    reinforcements helped win the first Southern victory. Fortunately for the Union,
    the Confederates were too exhausted to follow up their victory with an attack on
    Washington. Still, Confederate morale soared
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The proclamation did not free any slaves immediately because it applied only
    to areas behind Confederate lines, outside Union control. Nevertheless, for many,
    the proclamation gave the war a moral purpose by turning the struggle into a fight
    to free the slaves.
  • Conscription

    A draft that forced men to serve in the army.
    In the North, conscription led to draft riots, the most violent of which took place
    in New York City.
  • Battle at Vicksburg

    Battle at Vicksburg
    One of the two remaining Confederate strongholds on
    the Mississippi River. Vicksburg itself was particularly important because it rested
    on bluffs above the river from which guns could control all water traffic.
  • Shermans March

    Shermans March
    In the
    spring of 1864, Sherman began
    his march southeast through
    Georgia to the sea, creating a
    wide path of destruction. His
    army burned almost every house
    in its path and destroyed livestock and railroads.
  • Surrender at Appomattox Court House

    Surrender at Appomattox Court House
    On April 3, 1865, Union troops conquered Richmond, the Confederate capital. Southerners had abandoned the city the
    day before, setting it afire to keep the Northerners from taking it.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment
    The U.S. Constitution now
    stated, “Neither slavery nor involuntary
    servitude, except as a punishment for crime
    whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States"
  • Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination of Abraham Lincoln
    John Wilkes Booth killed President Abraham Lincoln