5

period 5

  • South Carolina Secedes from the Union

    South Carolina Secedes from the Union
    South Carolina, a founder of the confederacy, became the first slave state in the south to declare that it had seceded from the United States.
  • Henry Highland Garnet's "Address to the Slaves of the United States of America"

    Henry Highland Garnet's "Address to the Slaves of the United States of America"
    Walker's Appeal, in Four Articles: Together with a Preamble, to the Coloured Citizens of the World, But in Particular, and Very Expressly, to Those of the United States of America
  • Nat Turner Slave Revolt

    Nat Turner Slave Revolt
    salve rebellion in Southampton Count, Virginia. Killed 55 to 61 people including 51 whites.
  • William Lloyd Garrison Published The Liberator

    William Lloyd Garrison Published The Liberator
    William Lloyd was an abolitionist and created The Liberator that reached thousands. He wanted to show Americans that slavery was immoral and ungodly.
  • American Anti-Slavery Society Begins

    American Anti-Slavery Society Begins
    The American Anti-Slavery society was a prominent abolitionist organizations and was founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan. The goal was to show and convince Southerners and Northerners that slavery was immoral and brutal. Frederick Douglass was a leader of this society and often spoke at the meetings.
  • Sarah Grimke's Letters in the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women published

    Sarah Grimke's Letters in the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women published
    Sarah Grimke's responded to Catherine Beecher's defense of the subordinate role of women
  • Arrival of Scalawags and Carpetbaggers in the South

    Arrival of Scalawags and Carpetbaggers in the South
    Carpetbaggers are Northerners who moved to the South after the civil war. They moved to the South for financial and political gains. Scalawags were Southerners who joined the Republican Party.
  • Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls

    Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls
    the first women's rights convention.
  • Harriett Tubman Escapes from Slavery

    Harriett Tubman Escapes from Slavery
    she escaped
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    The compromise of 1850 was created by Henry Clay as a way to advert a crisis between the North and the South (it would only last but for so long). In this compromise, the fugitive slave law was strengthen for the south and the north got a California as a free state. Slave trade was banned in Washington D.C.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    The fugitive slave act was proposed in the compromise of 1850. This act strengthened the seizures of runaway slaves, making it harder for them to escape successfully.
  • Sojourner Truth Delivered her "Ain't I a Woman" Speech

    Sojourner Truth Delivered her "Ain't I a Woman" Speech
    Sojourner Truth was born into slavery and escaped after her master promised to free her but never did. She became increasingly involved in the anti-slavery movement and the women's rights movement.
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe Published Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Harriet Beecher Stowe Published Uncle Tom's Cabin
    This book reached popularity among white readers in the North. It vividly described the experience of slavery. 300,000 copies of Uncle Tom’s Cabin were sold in the United States and some copies were even sold in England.
  • Creation of the Radical Republicans

    Creation of the Radical Republicans
    The Republican Party at its formation during the 1850s was a coalition of Northern altruists, industrialists, former Whigs, practical politicians, etc.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    Bleeding Kansas was series of violent confrontations in the United States. An attempt was made to make Kansas a slave state which in turn created violent fights. This fighting was precursor for the Civil War.
  • Republican Party Founded

    Republican Party Founded
    The anti-slavery Whigs discussed creating a new political party. At one of the meetings in Wisconsin, it is believed that the republican party was created.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    The Kansas-Nebraska act allowed the citizens in those states to decide if they would allow slavery within the borders or not. This act repealed the Missouri Act of 1820.
  • Lecompton Constitution

    Lecompton Constitution
    Lecompton Constitution was a pro-slavery doctrine. It protected slave holding and a bill of rights excluding free blacks, and it added to the frictions that would cause the Civil War.
  • Panic of 1857

    Panic of 1857
    The Panic of 1857 was a financial panic in the U.S that was caused by the decrease in international economy and the increase in domestic economy. This was the first worldwide financial crisis.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    Dred Scott was a slave that lived in a free state where slavery was prohibited, thereby giving him freedom from slavery. However, it was stated that African Americans could not and would not ever be considered citizens of America. The Supreme Court issued the decision in the Dred Scott case stating that slave owners have the right to take their slaves into the Western territories.
  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    Lincoln-Douglas Debates
    The Lincoln-Douglas Debates were a series of seven debates between democrat Douglas and republican Lincoln. Slavery extension had been a problem with temporary fixes multiple times already, but was rising once again because of the Kansas-Nebraska act. These arguments replicated the problem that threatened to divide the nation. These debated went farther than just who would win the senatorial seat.
  • Democratic Party Splits into Northern and Southern Halves

    Democratic Party Splits into Northern and Southern Halves
    Slavery was huge controversial topic in the 1800s. The Northern democrats believed that slavery should not spread and the Southern democrats believed that slave owners should be able to take their slaves anywhere. Because the democrats could not agree this lead to a great split between the two hemispheres.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected President

    Abraham Lincoln Elected President
    Abraham Lincoln was republican that was elected as the 16th President of America in 1860. The democratic was widely divided at the time of this election allowing republicans to have an advantage in the election. Lincoln to become the first republican president.
  • Period of "Redemption" after the Civil War

    Period of "Redemption" after the Civil War
    the term Redemption refers to the overthrow or defeat of Radical Republicans (white and black) by white Democrats, marking the end of the Reconstruction era in the South.
  • Confederate States of America Founded

    Confederate States of America Founded
    The confederate states of America were 11 states that had seceded from the United States.
  • Firing on Fort Sumter

    Firing on Fort Sumter
    For Sumter was a fortification in Charleston, South Carolina. The battle of Fort Sumter was started when the Confederate States Army attacked Fort Sumter and gunfire was returned by the United States Army. This consequently started the Civil War.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Battle of Antietam, fought September 22, 1862, was the deadliest one day battle in American History. Confederate general Robert E. Lee was attempting to invade the north. However, the Union won which resulted in Lincoln issuing the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 proclaiming that all slaves would be freed in the confederate states. However, freedom would only be granted to the slaves if the Union won.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    The Gettysburg Address was delivered by President Lincoln on November 19, 1863. In this address he talks about topics such as bring equality to all citizens of America.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg, July 1 to July 3, 1863, is one of the most important and most bloody battles of the civil war. This battle was a major turning point because the Union defeated the Confederates and forced them to retreat and they never fully recovered.
  • General U.S Grant Assumed Command of Union Troops

    General U.S Grant Assumed Command of Union Troops
    U.S Grant became the General of the Union in 1864. Abraham Lincoln signed a brief document promoting Grant from Major to Lieutenant General and we would then lead the Union to victory.
  • Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea
    Sherman's March to the Sea was a military campaign that which would frighten Georgia's civilian population into abandoning the Confederate cause. As a result, General William T. Sherman captured Atlanta Georgia.
  • Abraham Lincoln Reelected

    Abraham Lincoln Reelected
    The reelection of Abraham Lincoln was surprising because he and everyone else was sure he would not get reelected. It is even more surprising that there was an election at all. Lincoln was reelected because Northern voters endorsed his policies and his leadership.
  • Lincoln Assassination

    Lincoln Assassination
    John Wilkes Booth shot at President Abraham Lincoln while Lincoln was out seeing a show at Fords Theater.
  • Congress Passed the 13th Amendment

    Congress Passed the 13th Amendment
    The 13th Amendment abolished slavery on April 8, 1864. Congress passed the amendment to ensure that slavery would be stopped after the the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Ku Klux Klan formed

    Ku Klux Klan formed
    The Ku Klux Klan was formed by White Civil War Veterans who wanted to preserve the way of life in the South. They wanted to restore white supremacy by directing violence at white and black Republican leaders
  • Andrew Johnson Became President

    Andrew Johnson Became President
    Andrew Johnson was the Vice President under Abraham Lincoln. When Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, Johnson resumed the role of president of the United States.
  • Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House

    Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House
    After a long four year civil war, Confederate General Robert E. Lee finally surrendered to the Union on April 9, 1865.
  • Johnson Announced Plans for Presidential Reconstruction

    Johnson Announced Plans for Presidential Reconstruction
    The Presidential Reconstruction gave freedom to the white south in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom. This made sure no black people could have a role in the politics in the south.
  • Freedmen's Bureau Established

    Freedmen's Bureau Established
    The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, usually referred to as simply the Freedmen's Bureau, was an agency of the United States Department of War to "direct such issues of provisions, clothing, and fuel, as he may deem needful for the immediate and temporary shelter and supply of destitute and suffering refugees and freedmen and their wives and children."
  • Civil Rights Act Passed over Johnson's veto

    Civil Rights Act Passed over Johnson's veto
    A Republican-dominated Congress enacted a landmark Civil Rights Act on this day in 1866, overriding a veto by President Andrew Johnson. The law's chief thrust was to offer protection to slaves freed in the aftermath of the Civil War.
  • First Congressional Reconstruction Act passed

    First Congressional Reconstruction Act passed
    Reconstruction Acts, U.S. legislation enacted in 1867–68 that outlined the conditions under which the Southern states would be readmitted to the Union following the American Civil War. The bills were largely written by the Radical Republicans in the U.S. Congress.
  • 14th Amendment ratified

    14th Amendment ratified
    The amendment grants citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" which included former slaves who had just been freed after the Civil War. This created a greater population in each state for political and economic gain.
  • Andrew Jackson Impeached

    Andrew Jackson Impeached
    The trial, convened by the Senate on March 5, focused on issues surrounding Johnson's post-Civil War Reconstruction policy and, more specifically, his firing of Secretary of War Edwin Stanton.
  • U.S. Grant elected President

    U.S. Grant elected President
    The United States presidential election of 1868 was the 21st quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1868. In the first election of the Reconstruction Era, Republican nominee Ulysses S. Grant defeated Democrat Horatio Seymour.
  • 15th Amendment Ratified

    15th Amendment Ratified
    The 15th amendment gave African American men the right to vote, which continued the strides for the rights of African Americans after the Civil War. This also gave fuel to the push for the right to vote for other minorities, like African American women.
  • Period of Redemption after the Civil War

    Period of Redemption after the Civil War
    "Redemption" truly began in Georgia with the state elections held in December 1870. By then the state Republican Party suffered from internal divisions and from charges of wastefulness and corruption, which, while greatly exaggerated by Democratic politicians and newspapers, nevertheless bore some truth.
  • Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court)

    Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court)
    Slaughterhouse Cases, in American history, legal dispute that resulted in a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision in 1873 limiting the protection of the privileges and immunities clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
  • U.S. v. Cruikshank

    U.S. v. Cruikshank
    United States v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542, was an important United States Supreme Court decision in United States constitutional law, one of the earliest to deal with the application of the Bill of Rights to state governments following the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment.
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    The Compromise of 1877 was an informal, unwritten deal, that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election. It resulted in the United States federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and formally ended the Reconstruction Era.