civil war

  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    The "manifest destiny" was a phrase used that said the country in a way was meant for westward expansion- an idea essentially that came from God. This made many people think about expansion as their "duty". This was a big part to why many people felt the need to expand.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise was a series of agreements that said Missouri could enter into the US as a slave state and Maine could enter as a free state. Henry Clay, the president of the time, signed this off.
  • Santa Fe Trail

    Santa Fe Trail
    The Santa Fe Trail was a transportation route established through North America, specifically through New Mexico, Colorado, and Kansas. This route was also used by the army to invade New Mexico during the Mexican-American War.
  • San Felipe de Tustin

    San Felipe de Tustin
    A town in Austin county, Texas. Stephen Austin established this for his colony Mexican Texas. This is a social, economic, and political center of Texas.
  • Mexico Abolished Slavery

    Mexico Abolished Slavery
    Mexico decided to make slavery illegal and got accepted in 1830 to Texas. They also made importation of slaves illegal. Slaves became angry this was changing.
  • The Liberator

    The Liberator
    This was a weekly published newspaper by abolitionists in Boston. More religious than political. This tried to persuade people to lean towards freeing slaves.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion
    This was a slave rebellion led by Nat Turner. This took place in Virginia in 1831. Rebel slaves killed about 60 people (at least 50 of them were white).
  • Abolition

    This was the movement to end slavery. When Lincoln got into office after the election, many people of the south feared he would abolish slavery and slave trading- which he tried to.
  • Stephen F. Austin Goes To Jail

    Stephen F. Austin Goes To Jail
    The government saw he was pushing for Texas independence and thought he was trying to build a revolt against the government, so they arrested him in January.
  • Texas Revolution

    Texas Revolution
    This was a rebellion of the colonists from the United States, using armed resistance towards the Mexican government.
  • Oregon Trail

    Oregon Trail
    The Oregon Trail was a 2,200 mile trail that was a transportation route for immigrants from Missouri to Oregon. Robert Stuart first travelled this.
  • Texas enters the United States

    Texas enters the United States
    Texas was annexed into the United States as the 28th state in December. Texas declared independence from Mexico in 1836.
  • Mexican-American War

    Mexican-American War
    An armed conflict between Mexico and America. The Mexican army attacked the US. America believed they could conquer the people already living there.
  • The North Star

    The North Star
    The North Star was an antislavery newspaper published by an African American. It encouraged the escape of slaves to the North.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    The treaty between Mexico and the US that gave up all claims to Texas; Mexico paid the US $15 million and agreed to settle all claims of US citizens against Mexico.
  • Harriet Tubman

    Harriet Tubman
    She was an abolitionist who was born a slave but escaped and helped many others escape using the Underground Railroad.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    This was a package of five bills passed by the United States congress in 1850. This caused a political confrontation between slaves and free people with territories involved in the Mexican-American war.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    This was a law/act passed by congress that allowed runaway slaves to be captured and brought back to their states for a reward. These laws ensured slaves wouldn't escape from their owners without punishment.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, this was a famous book about anti-slavery which talks about how African American's helped the Civil War and helped change opinions countrywide about slavery.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    Kansas Nebraska Act
    This was an act that created the Kansas and Nebraska territories. It allowed people to decide whether they wanted slavery within their state borders. This also prohibited slavery in the North latitude.
  • Dread Scott vs. Sandford

    Dread Scott vs. Sandford
    This argument in the supreme court ruled that African Americans born or not in America are not American citizens and couldn't sue the court.
  • Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Debates

    Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Debates
    This was a series of seven debates between the Democratic and Republican parties. They disagreed on how the issue of slavery should be handled.
  • John Brown's Raid/ Harper's Ferry

    John Brown's Raid/ Harper's Ferry
    This raid was the first attempt to start a slave revolt in the South by taking over Harper's Ferry. He captured citizens and seized the arsenal hoping this could start an abolitionist rebellion.
  • Abraham Lincoln Becomes President

    Abraham Lincoln Becomes President
    Abraham Lincoln won against three other people. Many people didn't want him to become president because they thought he would end slavery. This was a big thing that started the Civil War.
  • Attack On Fort Sumter

    Attack On Fort Sumter
    This was an attack on South Carolina by their militia and surrender by the US. This was the mark that started the Civil War.
  • Income Tax

    Income Tax
    Lincoln started the first federal income tax when signing the revenue act. He decided there be a 3% tax on annual salaries.
  • Formation of the Confederacy

    Formation of the Confederacy
    The confederate states of America was a republic formation of states that "left" the US after Lincoln became president. They knew the US would undergo freedom laws so they decided to resign from the country.
  • Battle Of Bull Run

    Battle Of Bull Run
    This was the first major battle of the Civil War which ended in a victory for the Confederates. This started when 35,000 troops stormed Washington DC.
  • Conscription

    Produced the first wartime draft of the US citizens ever. It called for males between the age of 20 and 45 to fight for the US.
  • Battle Of Antietam

    Battle Of Antietam
    This battle happened in Maryland. 23,000 casualties in total. This ended in a Union victory at Antietam. This also resulted in Lincoln issuing the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Battle At Gettysburg

    Battle At Gettysburg
    This battle was fought in Pennsylvania by the union and confederate forces. This battle had the most casualties. This was described as the Civil War's turning point. The confederates won.
  • Battle At Vicksburg

    Battle At Vicksburg
    The Tennessee army invaded Vicksburg in Mississippi. The Union had a great victory. This was another turning point in the war.
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    This was a network of routes and houses started by John Fairfield, Levi Coffin, and Harriet Tubman that helped slaves escape to freedom without being caught.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    This was the speech Abraham Lincoln made during the Civil War that was intended to bring the North together. The North feuded because it was divided at one point as the war went on. This speech was meant to remind people that they were united.
  • Sherman's March

    Sherman's March
    This was a military campaign of the Civil War through Georgia. 60,000 Union soldiers were led up to frighten Georgia's population into abandoning confederacy.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    Thirteenth Amendment
    This amendment ended slavery officially after the outcome of the Civil War.
  • Surrender At Appomattox Courthouse

    Surrender At Appomattox Courthouse
    Fought in Virginia, the Confederates surrendered and ended the four year Civil war.
  • Assassination Of Abraham Lincoln

    Assassination Of Abraham Lincoln
    Booth assassinated Lincoln at a show in attempt to revive confederacy. He thought of Lincoln was gone, the US would go back to its old ways.