slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, in August 1831, led by Nat Turner. Rebel slaves killed from 55 to 65 people, at least 51 being white.
William Lloyd Garrison Published The Liberator
reached thousands of individuals worldwide, position on the moral outrage that was slavery made him loved and hated by many Americans.
American Anti-Slavery Society Begins
as an abolitionist society founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan. Frederick Douglass, an escaped slave, was a key leader of this society who often spoke at its meetings
Sarah Grimke's Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women published
Sarah Grimké responded to Catharine Beecher’s defense of the subordinate role of women. She was particularly concerned to attack two of Beecher’s arguments. First was the notion that women were subordinate to men by God’s decree. She argued instead that God had made the sexes equal, but that men had created women’s inferior condition by denying them opportunity and forcing them to do their bidding. Sarah also sought to demolish the concept of “separate spheres” of influence for men and women.
Henry Highland Garnet's "Address to the Slaves of the United States of America"
Garnet became associated with the American Anti-Slavery Society, and his career in the late 1830s and early ’40s joined preaching with agitation for emancipation. A nationally known figure, he shocked his listeners at the 1843 national convention of free people of colour when he called upon slaves to murder their masters.
Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls
first women's rights convention in the United States. Held in July 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York, the meeting launched the women's suffrage movement, which more than seven decades later ensured women the right to vote
Harriett Tubman Escapes from Slavery
had saved enough money hiring her labor and knew people who conducted the Underground Railroad. She strongly believed that God would guide her. In preparation to her escape she changed her name to Harriet, after her mother, and adopted her husband’s last name, Tubman
Compromise of 1850
series of resolutions on January 29, 1850, in an attempt to seek a compromise and avert a crisis between North and South.
Democratic Party Splits into Northern and Southern Halves
became so divided that they ran two candidates in the election of 1860: Northern Democrats nominated Stephen Douglas, while southern Democrats nominated John Breckinridge. This split the Democratic ticket in half, giving the Republicans, who nominated Abraham Lincoln, a huge advantage.
Fugitive Slave Act
part of the Compromise of 1850 between Southern slave-holding interests and Northern Free-Soilers.
Sojourner Truth Delivered her "Ain't I a Woman" Speech
Some time after gaining her freedom in 1827, she became a well known anti-slavery speaker. Her speech was delivered at the Women's Convention in Akron, Ohio
a series of violent civil confrontations in the United States between 1854 and 1861 which emerged from a political and ideological debate over the legality of slavery in the proposed state of Kansas.
Harriet Beecher Stowe Published Uncle Tom’s Cabin
concern of family splitting. It was especially addressed to the African American families as they were broken up to be slaves in different areas. An antislavery piece that was read by many people.
Republican Party Founded
Anti-slavery Whigs were main contributors to this group. The most significant meeting was hosted in Wisconsin.
Creation of the Radical Republicans
Radicals in Congress were Thaddeus Stevens in the House and Charles Sumner in the Senate. Grant was elected as a Republican in 1868 and after the election he generally sided with the Radicals on Reconstruction policies and signed the Civil Rights Act of 1871 into law.
meant to repeal the Missouri Compromise of 1820. The territories of north of 36°30´ would prohibited slaves. The people in Kansas or Nebraska can consider to be a slave or a free state.
Dred Scott Decision
took place in the Supreme Court. Declared that freed slaves resided in the North would not have their freedom recognized; the African Americans were not considered citizens; territories north of 36°30′ would be unconstitutional.
idea of slave holding and excludes free blacks. It advocates for slavery in Kansas, but Kansas rejected it.
Panic of 1857
affected the worldwide economy as well as domestic economy. There was a decline and a financial crisis.
series of formal political debates between the challenger, Abraham Lincoln, and the incumbent, Stephen A. Douglas, in a campaign for one of Illinois' two United States Senate seats
John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry
initiate an armed slave revolt in 1859 by taking over a United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Brown's party of 22 was defeated by a company of U.S. Marines
Abraham Lincoln Elected President
He ran against John C. Breckinridge, Stephen A. Douglas, and John Bell. They were from different parties including Southern Democrat and Constitutional Union.
South Carolina Secedes from the Union
South Carolina became the first slave state in the south to declare that it had seceded from the United States.
Confederate States of America Founded
From the Deep South these states have seceded including Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas later joined by Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.
Firing on Fort Sumter
Confederacy bombed and attacked the Fort Sumter. The United States ended with a surrender and that started the Civil War. There was tension between the Union and the Confederacy.
Battle of Antietam
It stopped the advancement of the Confederate to Maryland to gain military supplies. Engaged the Civil War.
Battle of Gettysburg
The Southern was majorly defeated. Prior, Robert E. Lee invaded North in hope to limit enemy and influence interaction with European countries. When he invaded he learned that the new commander of the Union was General George G. Meade, but he quickly traced Lee's route and hold onto Gettysburg as it might play well strategically.
It was meant to free slaves in the Confederate as a rebellion of the Union. He wanted revolted states to return allegiance or else slaves would be freed.
Speech made by Abraham Lincoln as he addressed the idea of equality in humans, hope to create freedom, preservation of the Union, and self-government.
General U.S. Grant Assumed Command of Union Troops
Lincoln promoted Grant to become the Lieutenant general for the U.S. Army, leading Union troops to fight against the attacks from the Confederate.
Sherman’s March to the Sea
Union General William T. Sherman led troops from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia. It was to scare off the the civilians of Georgia to renounce the Confederate.
Abraham Lincoln Reelected
People were not very fond of McClellan of the Democratic Party; therefore, he was reelected.
John Wilkes Booth, a member of the Confederacy, shot him.
Congress Passed the 13th Amendment
It was meant to abolish slavery and put an end to involuntary servitude. There was an exception of punishment for crimes.
Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House
Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House
Andrew Johnson Became President
He took office after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. He was known for his Reconstruction policies in the South.
Johnson Announced Plans for Presidential Reconstruction
Gave South choice to change from slave to freedom. The blacks still insignificant in politics
Arrival of Scalawags and Carpetbaggers in the South
During the Reconstruction, Carpetbaggers were Northerners moving to the South to gain financially and politically. Scalawags are those collaborated through politics with black freedman and and newcomers of the North.
Ku Klux Klan formed
A group formed by white supremacists after the Civil War
Period of “Redemption” after the Civil War
Period of “Redemption” after the Civil War
Freedman’s Bureau Established
Freedman and Abandoned Land created a Congress that aid newly freed slaves to freedom.
Civil Rights Act Passed over Johnson’s Veto
He proposed to protect freed slaves after the Civil War. Congress veto it.
First Congressional Reconstruction Act passed
Radical Republicans write bills that outlined the idea of South readmitted to Union.
14th Amendment Ratified
It allows citizenship to "all persons born in the United States" including former slaves.
Andrew Johnson Impeached
He committed a misdemeanor crime;therefore, the House of Representatives voted to impeach him.
U.S. Grant Elected President
It was the first election during the Reconstruction Era where he defeated Horatio Seymour on the Democratic side.
15th Amendment Ratified
African men had the right to vote.
Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court)
It was the first time the Supreme Court based off of the 14th Amendment that gives limited protection and rights.
U.S. v. Cruikshank
A group of white men attacked hundreds of African Americans.The U.S Supreme Court sided with the defendants saying that whatever they have violated would not be counted.
Compromise of 1877
informal, unwritten deal, that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election. It resulted in the United States federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and formally ended the Reconstruction Era.