Stephen F. Austin's father had gained land from Spain in order to establish a colony. When he had later died before carrying out any plans, his son Stephen had obtained permission. Named the colony San Felipe de Austin. Between the Brazos and Colorado river. He wanted the colony to have "no drunkard, no gambler, no profane swearer" would be found. Each family received 4,428 acres for stock grazing as well as a 10-year exemption from paying taxes. By 1830, more than 20,000 americans in Texas.