Civil War

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    Civil War

  • The Confederate State of America was formed with Jefferson Davis.

    The Confederate State of America was formed with Jefferson Davis.
  • Abraham Lincoln is the 16th president of the United States of America.

    Abraham Lincoln is the 16th president of the United States of America.
  • Pierre Beauregard open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter.

    Pierre Beauregard open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter.
  • President Lincoln issues a Proclamation for 75,000 militen men.

  • President Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockage.

    President Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockage.
  • Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army.

    Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army.
  • Virginia suceeds from the Union.

    Virginia suceeds from the Union.
  • Lincoln states the war to the Congress.

    Lincoln states the war to the Congress.
  • The Union Army suffers a defeat 25 miles southeast of Washington.

    The Union Army suffers a defeat 25 miles southeast of Washington.
  • President Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as Commander.

    President Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as Commander.
  • President Lincoln revokes Gen. John C. Frémont's unauthorized military proclamation of emancipation in Missouri.

    President Lincoln revokes Gen. John C. Frémont's unauthorized military proclamation of emancipation in Missouri.
  • President Lincoln appoints McClellan as general-in-chief of all Union forces

  • The beginning of an international diplomatic.

  • President Lincoln issues General War Order.

  • The beginning of an international diplomatic crisis.

  • President Lincoln is struck with grief as his beloved eleven-year-old son, Willie, dies from fever, probably caused by polluted drinking water in the White House.

  • The Confederate Ironclad 'Merrimac' sinks two wooden Union ships then battles the Union Ironclad 'Monitor' to a draw. Naval warfare is thus changed forever, making wooden ships obsolete.

  • Confederate surprise attack on Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's unprepared troops at Shiloh on the Tennessee River results in a bitter struggle with 13,000 Union killed and wounded and 10,000 Confederates, more men than in all previous American wars combined.

  • 17 Union ships under the command of Flag Officer David Farragut move up the Mississippi River.

    17 Union ships under the command of Flag Officer David Farragut move up the Mississippi River.
  • The Battle of Seven Pines as Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Army attacks McClellan's troops in front of Richmond and nearly defeats them. But Johnston is badly wounded.

  • Gen. Robert E. Lee assumes command, replacing the wounded Johnston. Lee then renames his force the Army of Northern Virginia. McClellan is not impressed, saying Lee is "likely to be timid and irresolute in action."

  • 75,000 Federals under Gen. John Pope are defeated by 55,000 Confederates under Gen. Stonewall Jackson and Gen. James Longstreet at the second battle of Bull Run in northern Virginia. Once again the Union Army retreats to Washington.

  • Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederates and heads for Harpers Ferry.

  • Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederates and heads for Harpers Ferry,

  • The bloodiest day in U.S. military history as Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Armies are stopped at Antietam in Maryland by McClellan and numerically superior Union forces.

  • Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves issued by President Lincoln.

  • The president replaces McClellan with Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside as the new Commander of the Army of the Potomac

  • Army of the Potomac under Gen. Burnside suffers a costly defeat at Fredericksburg in Virginia with a loss of 12,653 men after 14 frontal assaults on well entrenched Rebels on Marye's Heights.

  • President Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates and emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army.

  • The president appoints Gen.

  • Grant is placed in command of the Army of the West, with orders to capture Vicksburg

  • The U.S. Congress enacts a draft, affecting male citizens aged 20 to 45, but also exempts those who pay $300 or provide a substitute

  • The Union Army under Gen. Hooker is decisively defeated by Lee's much smaller forces at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia as a result of Lee's brilliant and daring tactics. Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson is mortally wounded by his own soldier

  • The Union Army under Gen. Hooker is decisively defeated by Lee's much smaller forces at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia as a result of Lee's brilliant and daring tactics. Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson is mortally wounded by his own soldier

  • President Lincoln appoints Gen.

  • Union forces miss an opportunity to capture Petersburg and cut off the Confederate rail lines.

  • After destroying Atlanta's warehouses and railroad facilities, Sherman, with 62,000 men begins a March to the Sea

  • The U.S. Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, to abolish slavery.

  • The Stars and Stripes is ceremoniously raised over Fort Sumter. That night, Lincoln and his wife Mary see the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theater. At 10:13 p.m., during the third act of the play, John Wilkes Booth shoots the president in the head

  • The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, is finally ratified. Slavery is abolished.