Civil Rights Movement

  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Homer A. Plessy sat in the whites only railway and was asked to sit in the blacks only, but he refused and arrested. The decsion was that "separate but equal" was constitutional. Therefore Jim Crow Laws were established. All over the nation espically in the South separate accommodations for blacks and whites were everywhere. This was a major set-back and was more motivation for the Civil rights movement.
  • Little Rock Desegregation

    Little Rock Desegregation
    On this day segregation in schools became illegal. The NAACP then wanted to register African Americans for school. They succeeded in signing up nine African Americans to attend Little Rock Central High. The Governor first tried to physically stop the nine from entering the building. President then heard about the news and sent the army to protect and make sure they were kept safe throughout the school day. Significant to civil rights movement is no more segregation in schools.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Oliver L Brown was the plantiff that demanded desegregation in schools. His daughter was denied admission to a all white school. He filed a suit against the Board of Eucation in Kansas and the NAACP was supporting him. Supreme Court then judge this unconstitutional and desegregated schools. Significant because it moved African Americans to equality.
  • Emmett Till is Murdered

    Emmett Till is Murdered
    On this day two white men Roy Bryant and J. W. Milam beaten 14 year old Till to death. The cause of this brutal action was because Till talked with Carolyn Bryant, a white woman., the circumstances surrounding Emmett Till grew beyond the details of a 14-year-old boy who had unknowingly defied a severe social caste system.Signficance of this event was that people carefully thought about segregation and African Americans were more determined to get freedom for Emmett Till's death.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    Rosa Park's arrest, for not giving up her seat on a bus to a white person, was a major reason for the bus boycott. This boycott lasted till December 20 1956 when Supreme Court ruled that African Americans can sit where ever they want on buses. This was signficant because it gave African Americans motivation and the feeling of victory.
  • Sit-ins in Greensboro/Nashville

    Sit-ins in Greensboro/Nashville
    Started with 4 graduates, from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College, who would refuse to leave a diner that would not serve them. Students all over North Carolina soon realized they can protest by having sit-ins. Significane was that young adults achieved to desegregate lunch counters and other public places.
  • March on Birmingham

    March on Birmingham
    The first day of the march about a thousand kids missed school to attend. They kept marching and singing until they got arrested. About 600 kids got arrested and the number kept increasing. On May 3 Bull Connor used other methods; he used fire hoses and police dogs to get rid of the marchers. Significance was that everyone was showed the immortality of segregation.
  • March on Washington

    March on  Washington
    President Kennedy was close into making Congress agree with the civil rights bill. To show support about 250,000 people(white and black) marched to the Lincoln Memorial. Many people gave speeches but the most well known is MLK's 'I have a Dream' speech. This is significant to the Civil Rights movement because the US was aware of how many people supported the civil rights bill.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    President Lyndon B. Johnson finished what Kennedy started. Through all the long process, this act gave African Americans the equality they always wanted. By law it is illegal to discriminate someone because of their race, color, national origin, sex, and religion in employment, education, and entry to public facilities.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Voting Rights Act of 1965
    This act was monumental to African Americans because after all their hard work they finally got the right to vote. Significance because African Americans won a major battle in the civil rights movement.
  • MLK assassinated

    MLK assassinated
    Martin Luther King Jr died in Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. Since he was famous and an activist in the civil rights movement his life was constatly being threatened. MLK already knew what was going to happen due to Kennedy's assassination. This was significant because he was an improtant figure for the complete equality of African Americans.