officially outlaws slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. this enhenced the Emancipation Proclamation.
one of the Reconstruction Amendments.All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
prohibits each government in the United States from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Plessey vs. Ferguson
a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the a a a a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal."
prohibits any United States citizen to be denied the right to vote based on sex.
Executive Order of 1948
by U.S. President Harry S. Truman. It abolished racial segregation in the armed forces.
Brown vs. Board of Education (1954)
a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court that declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional.
Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat (1955)
Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order that she give up her seat to make room for a white passenger.
Parks' act of defiance became an important symbol of the modern Civil Rights Movement and Parks became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation.
Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)
a political and social protest campaign that started in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, United States, intended to oppose the city's policy of racial segregation on its public transit system.
Civil Rights Act of 1957
primarily a voting rights bill, was the first civil rights legislation enacted by Congress in the United States since Reconstruction following the American Civil War.
24th Amendment (1964)
prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
a landmark piece of legislation in the United States that outlawed major forms of discrimination against African Americans and women, including racial segregation.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
a landmark piece of national legislation in the United States a landmark piece of national legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.
Civil Rights Act of 1968
a landmark piece of legislation in the United States that provided for equal housing opportunities regardless of race, creed, or national origin.
The Act was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson,