Civil Right Timeline

  • Brown V Board of Education

    Brown V Board of Education
    • Brown V Board of Education was one of the cornerstone of the civil rights movement.
    • It helped establish “Seperate-but-equal” for education and other services.
    • It separated children in public schools on the basis of race was unconstitutional.
  • Emmet Till

    Emmet Till
    • 14 year old boy from Chicago, visiting family in Mississippi
    • Accused of whistling at a white woman.
    • Roy Bryant and Jw Milan kidnap, beat, shot, killed and then threw Emmet’s body in the river.
    • Maime Till, Emmet’s Mother had an open casket funeral.
    • Both men stood trail, and found guilty.
  • Bus Boycott

    Bus Boycott
    • Montgomery Bus Boycott was a civil right protest.
    • African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery, Alabama to protest segregated seating.
    • Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus seat to a white man.
  • Southern Christian Leadership

    Southern Christian Leadership
    • Started after the bus boycott to organize protest.
    • Martin Luther King was elected President.
    • Organized protest around the South to coordinate events, such as Greensboro Sitins, March on Washington and Selma.
    • After MLK’s assassnation it declined. -Still exists today.
  • Little Rock Nine/ Arkansa

    Little Rock Nine/ Arkansa
    • Testing Brown v Board of Education decision.
    • 9 students were vetted to undergo this test.
    • Airborn 101 escorted students to class.
    • The following year (1958) all public schools closed. -August 29, 1959 schools reopened.
  • Greensboro, North Carolina

    Greensboro, North Carolina
    • 4 college students sat down at lunch counter at Wodworths to be served.
    • They were refused service, continued to “site-in” and others joined.
    • The protest spread to other towns and forced change.
  • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee & Freedom

    Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee & Freedom
    • Youth group of students remained fiercely independent of MLK and SCLC, generating their own projects and strategies.
    • The two organizations worked side by side throughout the early years of the civil right movement.
    • This group was the second half of the Freedom riders and were part of the March to Selma.
  • Freedom Riders

    Freedom Riders
    • 2 weeks bus trip to the Deep South, to deliberately violate Jim Crowlaws.
    • It was organized by Core.
    • The buses were burned and riders beaten by the KKK.
    • November 1, 1961 white and colored signs are removed from bus stations, trains stations and lunch counters.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    • For jobs and freedom was to aduocate for the civil and economic rights of African Americans.
    • 250,000 people were in attendance at the Lincoln Memorial.
    • MLK was the last to speak, and gave his “I have a dream” speech.
    • 70-80% of marchers were black. It helped to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
  • Civil Right Act of 1964

    Civil Right Act of 1964
    • Can not refused service.
    • Forbids employers and labor unions to discriminate against any person on grounds of race, color, religion, sex, physical disability or age in a job related matter.
    • Prohibits discrimination against race, color, religion, national origin, sex or physical disability.
  • March on Selma/ Bloody Sunday

    March on Selma/ Bloody Sunday
    • 600 students March from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama to get the right to vote.
    • They walked 54 miles and were stopped at the bridge.
    • Seen on national television. LBJ order the passage of 1965 voting rights law.
    • 2nd March took place March 21-24 with 25,000 marchers including MLK.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Voting Rights Act of 1965
    • One of most comprehensive pieces of legislative in US History.
    • Blakcs were registering to vote and being elected to public office.