Cixi's official portrait

Chinese Dynasties

  • 100

    Han Dynasty Begins

    Han Dynasty Begins
    The Han rose to power after their leader Han Wu-Di defeated the Xiongnu menace
    During Han rule the Great Wall was refurbished and extended 300 miles
    Paper, compass, porcelain, wheelbarrow and seismograph was invented
    Silk Route was created for trade with Rome
  • Period: 100 to 220

    Han Dynasty

    • 206 BC to AD 220
    • Chang’an was the capital
    • Time of inventions and advances and one of the best times in China’s history
    • Han rose to power after the leader Han Wu-di defeated the Xiongnu menace
    • Helped rebuild and extended the Great Wall 300 miles
    • Expanded westward and established an age of technological innovation, and philosophical one too
    • Political Ideals include
    o Good rulers rule for a long time
    o Emperors were considered the most powerful and knowledgeable people
    • Inventions in
  • 220

    Han Dynasty Ends

    Han Dynasty Ends
  • 581

    Sui Dynasty Begins

    Sui Dynasty Begins
    Sui gained power by starting projects such as the Grand Canal for shipping route and reconstructed the Great Wall
    Wendi took the throne by force and claimed himself as emperor
  • Period: 581 to Jan 1, 617

    Sui Dynasty

    • AD 581-617
    • Sui gained power by starting projects
    o Grand Canal-shipping route
    o Reconstruction of the Great Wall
    • Wendi tool the throne by force and claimed himself as emperor
  • Jan 1, 617

    Sui Dynasty Ends

    Sui Dynasty Ends
  • Jan 1, 618

    Tang Dynasty Begins

    Tang Dynasty Begins
    First emperor was Emperor Gaozu
    Known as the "Golden Age of Literature"
    Buddhism flourished and block print was invented
  • Period: Jan 1, 618 to Jan 1, 907

    Tang Dynasty

    • Tang was from AD 618-907
    • Buddhism flourished
    • Block Print was invented
    • Golden Age of Literature
    • Dependent on aristocratic families and warlords
    • Taken over by Arabs later
  • Jan 1, 907

    Tang Dynasty Ends

    Tang Dynasty Ends
    Taken over by Arabs
  • Jan 1, 960

    Song Dynasty Begins

    Song Dynasty Begins
    First emperor was Emperor Taizu
    Song Dynasty was a cultural refinement and created the idea of a Universal Man
    Neo-Confucianism became popular, which was the combination of ancient ideals of Confucian tought along the ideas from Buddhism and Taoism
  • Period: Jan 1, 960 to Jan 1, 1279

    Song Dynasty

    • 960-1279
    • Northern Invaders terminated the previous dynasty leaving the next half of the century for china to divide into 5 northern and 10 southern dynasties
    • Song Dynasty was a cultural refinement and created the idea of a Universal Man
    o Combined qualities of a scholar, poet, painter, and statesman
    o Creates historical writings, paintings, calligraphy, and sculptures
    o They sought knowledge and philosophical answers
  • Jan 1, 1271

    Yuan Dynasty Begins

    Yuan Dynasty Begins
    Genghis Khan conquered most of Asia and parts of Europe and his grandson Kublai Khan laid siege on the Song Dynasty to establish the first non-Chinese dynasty called the Yuan
    Mongols started many projects, such as rebuilting roads and irrigation, building granaries and improved the Grand Canal
  • Period: Jan 1, 1271 to Jan 1, 1368

    Yuan Dynasty

    Genghis Khan conquered most of Asia and parts of Europe and his grandson Kublai Khan laid siege on the Song Dynasty to establish the first non-Chinese dynasty called the Yuan
    Mongols started many projects, such as rebuilting roads and irrigation, building granaries and improved the Grand Canal
  • Jan 1, 1279

    Song Dynasty End

    Song Dynasty End
  • Jan 1, 1368

    Yuan Dynasty Ends

    Yuan Dynasty Ends
  • Jan 1, 1368

    Ming Dynasty Begins

    Ming Dynasty Begins
    First Emperor was The Hongeu Emperor
    Completed the Great Wall and finished the restoration of the Grand Canal
    Cotton and silk looms were made along with advancement in military technology such as heavy artillery
  • Period: Jan 1, 1368 to

    Ming Dynasty

    • The capital started out as Nanjing and then later changed to Beijing because it was more convenient for trade and naval access
    • Koreans and Japanese constantly attack the Chinese coastal cities
    • These conflicts weakened the Ming Dynasty and prepared China for the last major shift
    • Manchus invaded from the north
  • Ming Dynasty Ends

    Ming Dynasty Ends
    Koreans and Japanese constantly attacked the Chinese coastal cities
    Manchus invaded from the North
    These conflicts weakened the Ming dynasty and prepared China for the last major shift
  • Manchu/Qing Dynasty Begins

    Manchu/Qing Dynasty Begins
    Conflict between the Qing dynasty Manchu clan, Aisin Gioro in Manchuria and the Ming Dynasty in the south. They wanted to rebel against the MIng
    The Qing conquered the Ming and deemed the state China/Zhongguo
    Led by Emperor Kangxi and his army of 80,000 troops
    Emperor Cixi became one of the most formidable women in modern history
    She ruled in place of her son because he was too young
  • Period: to

    Manchu/Qing Dynasty

    • Conflict between the Qing dynasty Manchu clan, Aisin Gioro in Manchuria and the Ming Dynasty in the south
    • They wanted to rebel against the Ming
    • Manchu ruled China the same as everyone else, implemented their own cultural beliefs
    • After they took over the Ming, the Qing deemed the state as China/Zhongguo
    • Han Chinese were prohibited from migrating into Manchurian Homeland
    • 80,000 troops led by the Emperor Kangxi
    • End of the 18th century the Qing reached their largest territorial extent
  • First Opium War Begins

    First Opium War Begins
    Opium war was fought because of unfair trade between the Chinese and Great Britain, was also fought over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, and the administration of justice for foreign nationals.
    Opium was destroying the citizens one by one as its addictive traits spread like a wildfire throughout mainland China
  • Period: to

    First Opium War

    • British began to demonstrate their discontent with China
    o 1793-British ambassador kneeled on only one knee rather than the full kowtow
    o Supported converting Chinese to western ways
    o Forced themselves on the Chinese
    o Chinese didn’t want British trade goods and they attempted to control British rule in China
  • Taiping Rebellion Begins

    Taiping Rebellion Begins
    Taiping hoped to give China back to its people and to remove ancient customs that were harmful such as slavery, footbinding, torture, etc.
  • Period: to

    Second Opium War

  • Opium Wars End

    Opium Wars End
  • Taiping Rebellion Ends

    Taiping Rebellion Ends
    After 14 years of fighting, over a million people died
  • Boxer Rebellion Begins

    Boxer Rebellion Begins
    Boxer Rebellion began when an anti-foreign/Christian movement formed in China
    The government tooks action because the boxer bands were killing Chinese Christians
    Sun Yat-Sen was a Chinese revolutionary and the the president of the Republic of China. He played a critical role in overthrowing the Qing Dynasty
  • Boxer Rebellion Ends

    Boxer Rebellion Ends
  • Manchu/Qing Dynasty Ends

    Manchu/Qing Dynasty Ends
    The Aisin-Gioro Puyi was the last emperor