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Children's Literature

  • Jan 1, 1450

    Oral Reading

    The stories that were published and that we read today, many of them stem from oral tradiations stories that were passed through many generations. Also, many of them are influenced by those stories.
  • Jan 1, 1484

    Aesop's Fable

    Aesop's Fable
    Ttranslated to English and printed by William Caxton
    Caxton became the first printer in England, publishing many children’s books originally meant for adults.
  • Orbis Pictus

    Orbis Pictus
    Orbis Pictus by John Amos Comenius
    Comenius wrote Orbis Pictus, presumably the first picture book for children, to help with the development of word and picture associations.
  • Pilgrim's Progress

    Pilgrim's Progress
    By John Bunyan
    Pilgrim’s Progress, the audience of which was originally adults, was told in old fairytale fashion and came about during the Puritan era.
  • Some Thought's Concerning Education

    Written by John Locke
    Locke was a philosopher of education who believed that children are not little adults and they learn best through fun activities rather than strict drill of information.
  • Robinson Crusoe

    Robinson Crusoe
    By Daniel Defoe, illustrated by Howard Pyle
    Robinson Crusoe, intended for adults, is an adventure story about the survivor of a shipwreck who must learn to live off of the land.
  • Gulliver's Travels

    Gulliver's Travels
    Written by Jonathan Swift, different editions illustrated by Charles E. Brock, Arthur Rackham, and Fritz Eichenberg
    Gulliver’s Travels is a fantasy that was published under a pseudonym because of the political statements it makes; however, due to the humor, the satire went unnoticed and it was greatly accepted.
  • Tales of Mother Goose

    Written by Perrault was translated into English, later published by John Newberry and illustrated by Randolph Caldecott
    Tales of Mother Goose contains several tales, was considered a favorite book, and is enjoyed by young children today.
  • A Little Pretty Pocket Book

    A Little Pretty Pocket Book
    Written by John Newberry.
    Newberry, the man the Newberry Medal is named after, saw the importance of having books specifically for children and wrote for their entertainment.
  • Emile Rousseau

    Written by Jean Jacques Rousseau who was a philosopher that conveyed the importance of letting children learn what they want, at their own pace.
  • The Yellow Kid

    The Yellow Kid
    The First Comic Strip Character for Entertainment. Created by Richard Outcault.
  • The Swiss Family Robinson

    Written by Johann David Wyss
    The Swiss Family Robinson is the adventurous story about a family who got shipwrecked on a desert island.
  • Grimm's Popular Stories

    Written by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, illustrated by Arthur Rackham, were translated into English
    Grimm’s Popular Stories is a popular collection of stories among children, some of which were passed down verbally and written down by the Grimm brothers, ranging from humorous to serious and disturbing.
  • A Christmas Carol

    A Christmas Carol
    Written by Charles Dickens.
    A Christmas Carol is a story about an old man named Ebenezer Scrooge who dislikes Christmas, but is visited by three Christmas ghosts and catches the spirit of Christmas.
  • Fairy Tales

    Hans Christian Andersen’s Fairy Tales showed up in England
    In Fairy Tales, Andersen modified old folktales, putting his own twists, which appealed to the imaginations of children.
  • Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

    Written by Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) and illustrated by Sir John Tenniel
    Tenniel was a cartoonist who drew clear pictures using strong lines, realistically illustrating the fantasy of the story.
  • Little Women

    Little Women
    Written by Louisa May Alcott
    Little Women is a novel about family life, centering on four teenage girls who are facing different problems, but are held together by the bonds of family and love.
  • The Diverting History of John Gilpin

    Randolph Caldecott illustrated The Diverting History of John Gilpin written by William Cowper in 1785
    Caldecott was very successful in producing memorable illustrations, especially for toy books.
  • Treasure Island

    Treasure Island
    Written by Robert Louis Stevenson
    Treasure Island is a riveting story about Long John Silver and his pirate adventures.
  • Robin Hood

    Robin Hood
    Written and illustrated by Howard Pyle
    Pyle worked in black and white, meticulously illustrating weapons and costumes that were authentic to the time period in which the story took place.
  • Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

    Written by Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain)
    The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is about a boy’s adventures going down the Mississippi River, and addresses the issue of judging those deemed socially unacceptable.
  • The Jungle Book

    Written by Rudyard Kipling
    The Jungle Books are about a boy named Mowgli who lives in the wild and is brought up by several different talking animals.
  • The Wizard of Oz

    The Wizard of Oz
    Written by L. Frank Baum
    The Wizard of Oz is a story about a girl named Dorothy who finds herself in the Land of Oz and encounters several obstacles, but makes some friends, in her journey to figure out how to get back to her home in Kansas.
  • The Tale of Peter Rabbit

    The Tale of Peter Rabbit
    Written by Beatrix Potter
    Potter’s illustrations were done in water color, were detailed, and showed action well, marking the beginning of modern picture book artwork.
  • Winnie the Pooh

    Winnie the Pooh
    Ernest Shepard illustrated Winnie-the-Pooh which was written by A.A. Milne
    Shepard used pen and ink in his illustrations, effectively portraying character and mood.
  • Little House on the Big woods

    Little House on the Big woods
    The first of the Little House books, Little House in the Big Woods, by Laura Ingalls Wilder. A newer addition of these books contained artwork by Garth Williams.
    The Little House books are about Wilder’s childhood experiences of frontier life with her family and the struggles they faced.
  • The Hobbit

    The Hobbit
    J.R.R. Tolkien wrote The Hobbit
    The Hobbit is the fascinating and sometimes humorous tale of an ordinary person (hobbit) becoming a hero by overcoming great obstacles on a quest.
  • Action Comics

    Action Comics
    The First truely origianl Comic Book.
    By Joe Shustler and Jerry Siegel, they were only teenagers when they created the caracter of Superman.
  • Detective Comics

    Detective Comics
    Bob Kane and Bill Finger Created the caracter Batman. He was the first punisher of street crimes.
    Because of Batman and the dective Comics, the National Comics company changed it's name to DC.
  • Make Way for Ducklings

    Make Way for Ducklings
    Robert McCloskey illustrated Make Way for Ducklings.
    McCloskey worked mostly in black and white, creating realistically detailed art, and was the first artist to win two Caldecott Medals.
  • Johnny Tremain

    Written by Esther Forbes
    Johnny Tremain is an excellent classic historical fiction novel surrounding the life of a silversmith’s apprentice during the beginning of the American Revolution.
  • Stuart Little

    Stuart Little
    Garth Williams illustrated E.B. White’s Stuart Little
    Garth Williams has a unique style of art in which he uses short strokes and effectively portrays characters in detail.
  • The Lion, The Witch, and The Waredrobe

    The Lion, The Witch, and The Waredrobe
    The first book, The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe, in the Chronicles of Narnia series by C.S. Lewis
    The Chronicles of Narnia is a series of fantasy books by Christian author C.S. Lewis that contains allegory of the Christian life.
  • Charlotte's Webb

    Charlotte's Webb
    Garth Williams illustrated E.B. White’s Charlotte’s Web
    Charlotte’s Web is a fantasy about a little pig named Wilbur who fears being butchered, but makes friends with a spider named Charlotte who comes up with unique ways to save him.
  • Where the Wild Things Are

    Written and illustrated by Maurice Sendak
    Sendak often used a comic style, but he makes his artwork adapted to fit the story he is illustrating.
  • Jumanji

    Written and illustrated by Chris Van Allsburg
    Van Allsburg’s illustrations won awards from the start.
  • The Polar Express

    Written and illustrated by Chris Van Allsburg.
    Van Allsburg had a background in sculpture and played with lights and darks in his illustrations.