Chief Black Kettle- Karen Kaufman #17

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    Major Events of the Cheyenne Under Chief Black Kettle

  • Chief Black Kettle's Birth

    Chief Black Kettle's Birth
    Chief Black Kettle is born in 1803
  • Fort Laramie Treaty

    Fort Laramie Treaty
    A series of Fort Laramie treaties were signed with the Lakota, Cheyenne, Arapaho and other Plains tribes delineating the extent of their territories and allowing passage across these territories in exchange for payments to the tribes.
  • Peace Treaty with Fort Wise

    Peace Treaty with Fort Wise
    In 1861 they cheyenne lead by Black Kettle, sign a peace treaty with Fort Wise promising to remain in the vicinity of the Arkansas River and not to interfere with the emigrants along the Smoky Hill Trail.
  • Cheyenne Cede Eastern Colorado

    Cheyenne Cede Eastern Colorado
    On February 18, Arapaho and Cheyenne ceded most of eastern Colorado , which had been guaranteed to them forever in an 1851 treaty.
  • Travel to meet President Lincoln

    Travel to meet President Lincoln
    In 1863, Black Kettle and his childhood friend, Chief Lean Bear, traveled to Washington, D.C. to see Abraham Lincoln. President Lincoln presented them with peace medals to wear and papers stating that they were good friends of the United States. Despite talk of peace, however, Black Kettle understood during this trip that war with the white man would lead to the destruction of his people.
  • Sand Creek Massacre

    Sand Creek Massacre
    On the early morning of November 29, 1864, Chivington's troops, led by the old mountain man, Jim Beckwourth, moved into position near Black Kettle's camp along Sand Creek. This later bacame called the sand creek massacre.
  • Treaty of Little Arkansas

    Treaty of Little Arkansas
    The chief signs the treaty of Little Arkansas.
  • Chief Black Kettle's Death- Battle of Washita

    Chief Black Kettle's Death- Battle of Washita
    On the morning of November 27, 1868, almost four years to the day of the Sand Creek Massacre, Custer ordered his men to open fire on the sleepy Indian village. Then Custer later reported over a hundred Indians killed, the capture of women and children, and much destruction. Among those killed was Black Kettle.