Chapter 12

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    The Pursuit of Perfection

    The revivals and reforms of the 19th century. Chapter 12.
  • Massive Revival at Cane Ridge, Ky

    Massive Revival at Cane Ridge, Ky
    Nearly 50,000 people gathered at Cane Ridge as the Second Great Awakening took life on the southern frontier.
  • Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions

    Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions
    Founded by Presbyterians and Congregationalists who sent two missions to India. Originally developed off the workings of Beecher and his evangelical associates.
  • American Bible Society

    American Bible Society
    Reverand Samuel John Mills takes the leading role in organizing the American Bible Society. By 1821 the society had distributed 140,000 Bibles.
  • American Colonization Society

    American Colonization Society
    A benevolent organization founded in 1817 whose participants expressed religious and moral concern over slavery.
  • Finney Spreads Revivalism

    Finney Spreads Revivalism
    Finney conducts a series of successful revivals in towns and cities of western New York, culminating in the aforementioned triumph in Rochester in 1830-1831.
  • American Temperance Society

    American Temperance Society
    A group of clergymen previously active in mission work organized the American Temperance Society to coordinate and extend the work already begun by local churches and moral reform societies.
  • Meeting between Beecher and Finney

    Meeting between Beecher and Finney
    An evagelical summit meeting held at Lebanon, New York where they aruged women's right to pray aloud in church and other traditions being changed by Finney's actions.
  • The Liberator

    The Liberator
    The Liberator was a journal first published in 1831 by William Lloyd Garrison that expressed more radical anttslavery movement.
  • American Anti-Slavery Society

    American Anti-Slavery Society
    Formed by William Lloyd Garrison and other abolitionists to fight southern slavery policy. They gathered support from active northerners.
  • Weld Advocates Abolition in Ohio and New York

    Weld Advocates Abolition in Ohio and New York
    Theodore Dwight Weld toured Ohio and western New York in 1835-1836 preaching abolition. He trained agents to spread his message and convert others.
  • McGuffey's Eclectic Readers

    McGuffey's Eclectic Readers
    Stressed the "three 3Rs," reading, riting, and rithmetic along with teachings of the Protestant Ethic in public schools.
  • American Temperace Society Splits

    American Temperace Society Splits
    The American Temperance Society splits into factions as thedebate continues whether beer and wine should be extended under abstinence pledge and whether pressure should be pushed upon buyers and sellers.
  • Elijah Lovejoy Shot and Killed

    Elijah Lovejoy Shot and Killed
    Elijah was an antislavery editor who was killed in an attempt to defend himself and his printing press from a mob just across slaveholding Missouri.
  • Massachusetts State Board of Education

    Massachusetts State Board of Education
    Horace Mann develops the first State Board of Education and becomes first secretary of the new board. He also argued for adequate taxing for school funding.
  • Abraham Lincoln Speaks Up

    Abraham Lincoln Speaks Up
    As a member of the New Salem debating society young Abraham Lincoln set forth his principles speaking on "The Perpetuation of Our Political Institutions."
  • The Liberty Party

    The Liberty Party
    A path of political action for antislavery advocates as the first attempt to enter the electoral arena under their own banner. It signaled a new effort to turn antislavery sentiment into political power.
  • Brook Farm

    Brook Farm
    Founded by a group of transcendentalists led by George Ripley who rejected Emerson's radical individualism. A cooperative community located in Roxbury, Massachusetts.
  • Seneca Falls Convention

    Seneca Falls Convention
    The head of the campaign for women's rights held in upstate New York by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
  • Oneida Community

    Oneida Community
    Established at Oneida, New York inspired by an unorthodox brand of Christian perfectionism. Founded by John Humphrey Noyes who believed the second coming of Christ had occurred and humans were no longer obliged to follow moral rules.
  • Decline in number of Children

    Decline in number of Children
    The average number of children born to each woman during her fertile years dropped from 7.04 in 1800 to 5.42 in 1850.