• 570 BCE

    The Discovery of the Canary Islands.

    The Discovery of the Canary Islands.
    The Canary Islands were possibly discovered by the Carthaginian explorer Hannon the Navigator.
  • 500 BCE

    The Guanches.

    The Guanches.
    The first settlers of the Canary Islands were the Guanches, who arrived in the 6th century BC.
  • 500 BCE

    The Possible Arrival of the Phoenicians.

    Starting in 1991, an idea that had been suggested in the 19th century and that wanted to see the settlement of the Canary Islands as a work of the Phoenicians or Carthaginians was revitalized. Regarding this theory, the Phoenicians, when carrying out their colonial expansion, were able to set up factories in North Africa, for which reason the Canary Islands must have interested them in something, so that they would repeatedly return to the island bringing with them people from the African coast.
  • 100

    The Archaeological Remains

    The archaeological remains are spread over the seven islands but the oldest are found in Gran Canaria.
  • 1292

    Ugolino and Vivaldi

    The Genoese brothers Ugolino and Vandino Vivaldi tried to reach the islands in two galleys, but they disappeared into the ocean without leaving a trace.
  • Period: 1294 to 1400

    First Explorations in the Canaries

    First Explorations in the Canaries
  • 1312

    Arrival of Lanzarote

    Lancellotto Malocello, in his search for a route to Senegal, reached the island of Lanzarote. In the portulan of Dulcert of 1339 the island of Lanzarote appears with the denomination of Insula de Lacellotto Malocelus.
  • 1339

    Dulcert portolan

    Dulcert portolan
    In 1339 Angelino Dulcert made the first map where part of the Canary Islands appeared, for example: Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, La Gomera...
  • 1341

    The Portuguese expedition to the Canaries

    In 1341, King Alfonso IV of Portugal sent an expedition to the Canary Islands who stayed there for four months and then returned to Lisbon
  • 1344

    The Evangelization of the Canary Lands.

    In the year 1344, Luis de la Cerda asked Pope Clement VI to grant him the land for evangelization.
  • 1351

    Bishopric of Telde

    The Pope founded the bishopric of Telde, called La Fortuna, in the year 1351, in an attempt to evangelize the aborigines.
  • 1375

    The arrival of Lancelotto Malocello to the Canary Islands.

    The arrival of Lancelotto Malocello to the Canary Islands.
    In the early years of the fourteenth century, the Genoese Lancelotto Malocello reached the shores of the island of Lanzarote, to which it gave its current name, for the aborigines called it Titeroygatra.
  • Period: 1401 to 1405

    Conquista de Fuerteventura

  • 1402

    Norman Conquest

    Norman Conquest, carried out by Jean de Bethancourt and Gadifer de la Salle between 1402 and 1405 and which affected the islands of Lanzarote, Fuerteventura and El Hierro.
  • 1402

    Canarian aborigines

    Canarian aborigines is generically applied to the various peoples of Berber origin who inhabited the Canary Islands before the Castilian conquest, which occurred between 1402 and 1496. They are described as "aboriginals", being also known as ancient canaries and mostly as Guanches. , despite the fact that the term originally referred only to the aborigines of the Berber ethnic group of the island of Tenerife. Other names of minority use are indigenous Canarians.
  • Period: 1402 to 1496

    Conquista de canarias

    Empezó con la conquista de Lanzarote y acabó por Tenerife
  • Period: 1402 to 1478

    Señorial Conquest

  • Period: 1402 to 1496

    The Canaries Conques

  • 1405

    The conquest of El Hierro

    The conquest of El Hierro
    Béthencourt tried, without success, to conquer the islands of Gran Canaria and La Palma, for which, finally, he
    He decided on El Hierro. The sparse population that inhabited the island offered little resistance at the end of 1405.
  • 1406

    rubicon bishopric

    When Lanzarote was conquered, the bishopric of the rubicón was created on the island. Years later, this bishopric was moved to the city of Las Palmas. On each island there was a vicar who represented the bishop. The vicars, in turn, were divided in parishes.
  • 1479

    Signing of the Alcaçovas-Toledo treaty

    Signing of the Alcaçovas-Toledo treaty
    In the Treaty of Alcaçovas-Toledo (1479) it was agreed that
    The Canaries will form part of the Castilian crown,
    while Portugal obtained a monopoly in the
    sailing to Guinea.
  • 1480

    End of the conquest of Gran Canaria

    The Catholic Monarchs entrusted the conquest to Pedro de Vera who ended the conquest in 1480 by killing the caudillo Doramas and taking the guanarteme from Gáldar prisoner.
  • 1485

    Introduction of sugarcane cultivation

    The cultivation of sugar cane was introduced in 1485 due to the great European demand. The sugar fled in the mills (hydraulic mills) and sugar mills (animal-drawn mills).
  • 1493

    conquest of La Palma

    conquest of La Palma
    Alonso Fernández de Lugo was chosen by the kings to conquer La Palma. Despite the resistance of the aborigines, Lugo managed to defeat the leader Tanausú in an ambush.
  • 1496

    End of the conquest of Tenerife

    In 1496 the conquest of Tenerife by Fernández de Lugo is considered complete. The end of the conquest means the end of the aboriginal culture and ways of life, some of whose characteristics will last for a few years, only to disappear, with the passage of time, due to the marginalization or persecution suffered by those aboriginals who try to maintain them.
  • 1500

    The commercial activity

    The commercial activity was carried out mainly with America. This was contributed, above all, by the privileged geographical situation of the islands. During the 16th century, the canaries could trade freely with America.
  • 1500

    Canarian society of the 16th century

    The Canarian society of the 16th century was hierarchical. There were two large groups: the agrarian nobility and the clergy.
  • 1500

    conquest of la gomera

    conquest of la gomera
    La Gomera was not conquered as a result of a war campaign organized expressly. The most probable thing was that, through the years and as the new settlers were establishing themselves there, the gomeros ended up recognizing the authority of their new neighbors.
  • Period: 1500 to

    Main economic activities.

    In the 16th and 17th centuries, the main economic activities in the Canary Islands were agriculture and foreign trade.
  • 1503

    the agrarian nobility

    They received the best lands and the political and religious power. Together with them a commercial bourgeoisie arose that used its fortune to buy land and titles of nobility.
  • 1505

    The Court of the Inquisition.

    The Court of the Inquisition had
    its headquarters in the city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria from
  • 1577

    Divisions of Fuerteventura and Lanzarote

    Once the conquest was completed, the distribution of land and water was carried out. In the royal islands it was done in a different way than those of dominion. In the first, the lands were adjudicated as property in the best plots were distributed among the conquerors and merchants who had collaborated in the financing of the campaign. In those of dominion the lands belonged to the lord, who leased them. The repartimientos were the origin of a distribution.
  • The cultivation of the vine.

    The cultivation of the vine replaced that of sugar cane in the 17th century. This crop was developed by the increase in wine prices and
    by the crisis of the sugar trade.
  • Canarian Baroque architecture

    Canarian Baroque architecture was characterized by the use of wood in windows, balconies, interior patios...
    In painting stood out, in the seventeenth century.
  • The Canarian society of the 16th century

    The Canarian society of the 16th century
    The Canarian society of the 16th century was hierarchical. It was divided into the agrarian nobility and the clergy and the rest of society was made up of peasants.
    The decline in the aboriginal population led to the entry of Africans to work as slaves in sugar mills, herding and agricultural activities.
  • artistic manifestations.

    After the conquest, the Canary Islands were incorporated into the artistic and cultural currents of the West. The first styles that arrived in the Canary Islands were Gothic and mudejar
  • Pirate Attacks.

    At the beginning of the 18th century, pirate attacks arose without success of conquest.
  • Increase in royal power.

    In 1718 the Administration was created with the aim of centralizing the local Administration.
    In the Canary Islands, they also had jurisdiction over trade with America.
  • Stagnation of the Municipal Institutions.

    In the middle of the 18th century, control of the municipal institutions in the manor islands remained in the hands of the territorial lords, who were the ones who appointed the councilors of the municipalities.
  • Political Evolution.

    The Canarian politics of the 19th century was characterized by the implantation of liberalism, which had to face the economic rivalry that existed between the bourgeoisie and the large landowners of Gran Canaria and Tenerife.
  • Economy

    The First World War hurt the Canarian economy, but after the war a period of economic development began: employment increased in rural areas and new machines were introduced, such as packaging machines, which saved time and labor.
  • The Civil War and the Franco Dictatorship.

    The Civil War and the Franco Dictatorship.
    In 1936 Francisco Franco was stationed in the Canary Islands as General Commander. This appointment was due to the policy of the government of the republic to disperse to the peripheral areas those senior military officials with a conservative tendency who could carry out a military coup.
  • The Democratic Transition.

    Between 1939 and 1975, the Canary Islands entered the period of Democratic Transition.