Brazil By TwistedRoseStudios Jan 1, 1500 Portuguese explorer Cabral arrived and claimed Brazil for Portugal Period: Jan 1, 1500 to Apr 30, 2012 Brazil TimeLine Jan 1, 1700 1700's - Africian slaves replaced Brazilian natives Jan 1, 1808 Portguese royal family fled from Napoleon's Army and establised its seat of government in Rio de Janerio Sep 18, 1822 Brazil declares its independence from Portugal. Dom Pedro I became emperor. Jan 1, 1831 1831-1899: Dom Pedro II ruled Jan 1, 1875 1875-1960: Approximately 5 million Europeans immigrated to Brazil Jan 1, 1888 Slavery was abolished, coffee becomes Brazil's biggest cash crop Jan 1, 1889 1889-1930: Government was a Constitution Republic Mar 31, 1964 Miltary staged a coup and seized power Jan 1, 1980 1980s-1990s: Economic, social, scandals and ecological crises prevailed Jan 1, 2000 Portugese is the offical language. Only Portugues speaking nation in the Americas. Feb 8, 2000 Government: Federal Republic. Executive Branch - President & Vice President elected on same ticket by popular vote for single 4 year term. Feb 13, 2000 Border Countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay & Venezula Feb 24, 2000 Climate: Humid tropical and subtropical climate except for drier parts in the Northeast & a temperate region in the South. Mar 1, 2000 Terrian: Flat to rolling Amazon lowlands in the north, plain, hills and mountains throughout the interior and a narrow costal belt. Mar 29, 2000 Natural Hazards: Recurring droughts in Northeast, floods and occasional frost in the South. Apr 23, 2000 Water 21,411 sq mi, Coastline 7,491 km Apr 24, 2000 Land: 3,286,488 sq. mi Jun 19, 2000 Top Exports: Transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, motor vehicles. Jan 1, 2002 Lulu was elected president, after his 4th campaign for office. Jan 1, 2006 Lulu is re-elected president. Apr 24, 2010 Growth rate 1.134%, GDP per Capita $10,800, Net Migration Rate -0.09% Oct 2, 2010 Brazil held its 6th consecutive presidential & general elections, since the reinstatement of demoracy in 1985. Nov 24, 2010 Exports: $201.9 billion, Top Export Partners: China, US, Argentina, Neterlands and Germany. Jul 24, 2011 Population 203,429,774; 81% live in urban areas in the south-central regions. Jan 24, 2012 Capital: Brasili, Largest city: San Paulo Jan 27, 2012 Industries: Textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron, ore, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles & parts. Jan 27, 2012 National Cuisine includes a mixture of European, Africian, Middle Eastern, and indigenous foods and cooking styles. Feb 1, 2012 Iguazu Falls which are situated along the Brazilian-Argentinian border are the largest in the world. Feb 9, 2012 Rio Carnival is a wild 4 day celebration, 40 days before Easter. It offically starts on Saturday & ends on Fat Tuesday. Attracts approximately 5000,000 visitors a year. Feb 18, 2012 Natural Resources: Bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber Feb 27, 2012 Environmental Issues: Deforestation in Amazon basin, destroys the habitat & endangers a multitude of plant & animal species, lucrative illegal wildlife trade, air & water pollution. Mar 11, 2012 73.6% of Brazilians are Roman Catholic. Apr 1, 2012 Brazil is the 5th largest nation in the world and the largest in the southern hemisphere. Apr 8, 2012 Federal Senate: 81 seats, popularly elected to staggerd 8 years terms; Chamber of Deputies 513 seats. Voted popularly to 4 year terms. Apr 12, 2012 Ethnic Groups: White 53.7%, Mulattoes & Mestizos 38.5%, Africian 6.2%, Other 1.6% Apr 24, 2012 Current issues - Epodemic crime, 2nd largest consumer of cocaine in the world, major site of drug related violence & weapons smuggling.