Australian Studies: 1750-1918

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    The Food Revolution

    Around the mid-18th century the Europe saw a rapid increase in its population which required the agriculture and sector to step up to the demand of the ever growing population. It was with inventions like the Morton seed drill and the mechanical reaper along with more efficient food preserving techniques that allowed the population to keep growing without the fear of a food shortage.
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    The Industrial Revolution part #1

    The 'Industrial Revolution' came about through the demand of the growing global population and its desire for better and faster manufacturing techniques, transport and ways of communicating with itself. The revolution also saw the arrival of new and more efficient factories, steam powered locomotives, a mass production of iron and steel structures and a greater global market of supply and demand.
  • James Cook

    The mapping of the east coast of Australia done by Captain Cook is important not just because he defined the boundaries of Australia but because he also claimed for Great Britain. Under the control of Great Britain Australia was shaped dramatically from Colonisation to Federation.
  • Penal Transportation: Australia

    Penal Transportation: Australia
    While Penal transportation of prisoners had been going on for quite a while, in the year 1787 the British government for the first time started to send convicts to Australia to ease the over population in British prisons.
  • The First Fleet

    The First Fleet
    The first fleet first landed in Botany Bay on the 18th of Jan. 1788 however this wasn't to be the location of the first settlement as fresh water was hard to come by and the Bay was too open to ocean storms. So, on the 26th of Jan. 1788, the settlement moved to Port Jackson and so came about the first European settlement of Australia.
  • Free settlers

  • The Second Fleet

    The Second Fleet
    Without the Second Fleet those living at Port Jackson would probably have died of hunger and so the first attempt at colonising Australia would have failed. The arrival of the second fleet was important because it brought with it many, desperately needed, food supplies and tools to help and build the struggling colony.
  • The begining of the Austalian wool industry.

    The begining of the Austalian wool industry.
  • The founding of the metropolitan police force

    The founding of the metropolitan police force
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    Port Arthur

  • Invention: the tram

  • invention the morse telegraph

  • The start of the gold rush.

    The start of the gold rush.
    The Gold rush o f 1851 was a huge turning point in the development of Australia. Not only did it boost Australia's economy but it also brought people from around the globe into Australia boosting its population and its growth. The comradeship experienced by the diggers is still an important part in how the world perceives Australian's and their values.
  • The Eureka Stockade

    The Eureka Stockade
    The Eureka Stockade marked the climax of the disputes between the gold diggers and the government/police over the mining lincence and its harsh restrictions on the gold diggers as to where they could dig and how much they would have to pay to dig there. on the 1st of December rebels rallied behing--------- and began to build a fortress at Eureka in which the camped in making oaths to defend/fight against arrests on liceance infringements.
  • The collapse of the Eureka Stockade

    The collapse of the Eureka Stockade
    On the 3rd of December a force of 276 police and military descended upon the stockade overpowering the rebels quickly in a crushing defeat. Even though the fall of the stockade was a loss for the diggers within it, it was a victory for the other diggers as the government saw the faults in its' mining licence and decided to introduce mining wardens and to lower the fees for digging.
  • The hanging of Ned Kelly

    The hanging of Ned Kelly
  • The Chaffey brothers

    The Chaffey brothers
    Sometime during 1887 the Californian born Chaffey brothers signed an agreement with the South Australian Government to design and oversee the construction and instalment of several irrigation systems. This was a significant moment for Australia because the irrigation systems set down by the Chaffey brothers and those who would come later opened up much of Australia’s drier regions for farming and agriculture.
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    Boer war

  • Federation

    The federation of Australia has shaped how Australia has progressed and been developed over the 111years it has been a part of Australia. Federation gave Australia its political system, states and a significant amount of its independence. Through federation Australia gained a way of sustaining services like police, the health system, the defence force and education. i.e. through government funding through taxes.
  • Invention; the plane.

    Invention; the plane.
    On this date the Write brothers flew their 'flyer' in North Carolina for a maximum of 59 seconds. this event was the first effective design of a plane that would later evolve into numerous jets the Australia relies on to bring tourists and money into Australia and its' economy. Without planes Australia would only be accessible by boat and this was and still is a very expensive and time consuming way of bringing people into the country.
  • Founding of Canberra

    Founding of Canberra
  • World War 1

    World War 1
    The Great War didn't just affect Australia but the whole world; it destroyed land, habitats and life. It didn't just affect those at war but the soldier’s wives and families who had to take up the strain and ensure that farms, businesses and countries economy didn't fail in general.
  • The Landing at Gallipoli

    The Landing at Gallipoli
    The landing at Gallipoli wasn't just a deployment of soldiers or a bit of a tactical failure but it has become a moment of remembrance and thanks a day where all of Australia stops to remember those that lay down their lives for their mates and their country not just in WWI but in all wars that Australian soldiers have partaken in.