Australian History 1750-1918.

  • Captain James Cook lands in Botany Bay.

    Captain James cook (7 November 1728 – 14 February 1779) was a British explorer, cartographer and navigator. He is well known in Australia for being the first European to achieve contact with the eastern coastline of Australia. In 1770 Cook arrived by boat in Botany Bay, Sydney.
  • Crossed The Blue Mountains.

    Attempts to cross the mountains lying to the west of Sydney had been made from 1790, by convicts seeking a way of escape and adventurers keen to explore the region. Most tried to follow the rivers upstream only to be stopped by rapids or sheer cliffs. Others became lost in deep gorges or were forced to turn back by the thick scrub.
  • South Australia Was Founded.

    In 1834, the British Parliament passed the South Australia Act 1834 (Foundation Act), which enabled the province of South Australia to be established.
  • Melbourne Founder.

    Melbourne was founded in the reign of King William IV, on 30th of August 1835. No one can claim that they founded Melbourne. However, important people that contributed to the founding of Melbourne are: John Batman, John Fawkner, John Lancey, William Buckley and Charles Grimes.
  • The first University in Australia (University of Sydney) founded.

    The University of Sydney Act was signed on the 1st of October 1850. William Charles Wentworth, member of the New South Wales Legislative Council, was an important founder to the university. He believed that establishing a university was essential to educate other people to become the leaders of the colony.
  • Victoria Separated From New South Whales.

    The British act of separating Victoria and New South Wales, giving it a name and a new Constitution for the new colony. It wasn’t signed until 5th of August 1850 by Queen Victoria. It then was enabled to pass the legislation by the New South Wales Legislation Council on the 1st of July 1851 and is the formal establishment of Victoria.
  • The Gold Rush

    In 1851 the Great Australian Gold Rush started when prospector Edward Hammond Hargraves claimed to have discovered a “grain of gold” in a waterhole near Bathurst, New South Wales. Hargraves named the town where he found the gold “Ophir”, reported his discovery to the authorities and was appointed a “Commissioner of Land”. During the Gold Rush period thousands of people rushed to Australia in search of gold. The Gold Rush ended in 1861.
  • Britain extended self rule to colonies.

    From 1856 the organisation of the public service was embodied in a series of Acts which gave overall responsibility for the newly-formed departments to the Governor and Executive Council. The staff of these organisations are known as Public Servants.
  • Male Suffrage granted

    In November 1857, male suffrage was achieved in Victoria with the ending of the property qualification for Lower House elections.
  • Burke and Wills expedition across Australia.

    Burke and Wills were famous explorers. They were known for going on an expedition across the whole of Australia. In 1860, they left Melbourne with a great start. They had 18 men, 27 camels and 27 tonnes of equipment with them. In just over a year the expedition ended in tragedy. Only one person, John King survived the expedition
  • Stolen Generation.

    In 1869 the Children of Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islander descents were taken away from their parents by state government or agencies. They were taken to supposedly make Australia more “pure”. It is estimated that about 100,000 indigenous children were taken from their families.
  • Ayers rock first in sight of the Europeans.

    On the 19th of July 1873, Ayers rock was sighted by the surveyor William Gosse, he was the first European to discover the rock and named it after Chief Secretary of SA, Sir Henry Ayers.
  • Australia Cricket team Defeats England and the 'Ashes' are born

    Crickets greatest rivalry is played by the two protagonists, England and Australia.
    Going back to 1882, After England lost to Australia on home soil.
  • Australia Labor Party Founded.

    When Labor part was established each each part of Australia got separated into NSW, WA, SA, WA, QLD, TAS. (later on NT is marked)
  • The Great Strikes

    The Great maritime strike causes political and social turmoil across all Australin colonies, and the collapse of colonial governments in Victoria and New South Whales.
  • Women Fight for the vote.

    New Zealand women had become the first in the world to gain the right to vote in the national election. In 1894 South Australian Women were granted the right to vote followed by Western Australia in 1899
  • WA becomes the last colonly to accept federation.

    On 31 July 1900 Western Australia became the final Australian colony to vote for Federation. An overwhelming majority of voters were in favour of union with the eastern colonies
  • First Federal Flag designed.

    First Federal Flag designed.
    In 1901 the federal government of Australia held a competition to design the new flag of Australia. The prize was 200 pounds. Overall 32,823 people submitted designs. The winner wasn’t actually picked by the government, it was sent to the king of England to decide which flag he would like for Australia.
  • Federation Of Australia.

    On the 1st of January 1901 the British parliament passed legislation allowing the six Australian states to govern in their own right as part of the Commonwealth of Australia; Making Australia an independent country.
  • The first powered aeroplane flies in Australia

    While making a trip around Australia in a Voisin biplane, Harry Houdini was the first person to ever fly a controlled plane in Australia.
  • World War 1 Starts.

    The First World War began when Britain and Germany went to war in August 1914, and Prime Minister Andrew Fisher's government pledged full support for Britain. The outbreak of war was greeted in Australia, as in many other places, with great enthusiasm.
  • World War 1 Ends.

    It was the end of World War 1. Country after country pulled out, which ment it stopped.