The Navigation ActAimed to control of world trade from Dutch
Certain enumerated goods, such as tobacco and sugar, had to be transported in English ships and sold in English ports
They could be reexported to foreign markets
European goods shipped to colonies had to be shipped through England
Enabled English people to reap benefits of Colonial trade and government to get income from taxes
Rise in New England's shipbuilding industry
New Netherland ConquestFirst to come under English controlled after the restoration of English monarchy in 1660. Sparking a new want for colonial exploration.
King Phillip's warIndian Alliance launched attacks on farms and settlements (1675)
Wampanoag leader (Metacom) known as King Phillip to Englanders
By 1676 Indians attacked nearly half of New England's 90 towns
12 In Massachusetts destroyed
1,000/52,000 settlers died 3,000/20,000 Native Americans in New England Died
Mid 1676 counterattack by settlers, Iroquois provided military aid to colonists,
Metacom was executed, Indian villages were destroyed, captives were killed or sold into slavery.
Indians as savages
The Great AwakeningBeginning in 1730's
Fears that the growth of westward expansion, commercial development, Enlightenment Rationalism, and lack of individual engagement in church services sparked unplanned religious revivals throughout colonies.
In Middle east Wahabbism called for a return to practices in early days
George Whitefield-arrived in 1739 famous preacher, inspired other preachers, and people had a sense to find religious practices that they believe other than following the government.