AP US History

Timeline created by Tre'Von Griggs3
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus “Founds” New World (1492)

    Christopher Columbus “Founds” New World (1492)
    Columbus led a total of four expeditions to the "New World," exploring various Caribbean islands, the Gulf of Mexico, and the South and Central American mainlands,
  • 1492

    Columbian Exchange Begins

    Columbian Exchange Begins
    widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, diseases, and ideas between the Americas, West Africa, and the Old World in the 15th and 16th.
  • Period:
    1492
    to

    European Exploration Era

    European ships were traveled around the world to search for new trading routes and partners to feed burgeoning capitalism in Europe.
  • 1500

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins
    The Spanish colonists abused the encomienda system, essentially rendering it a system of slave labor.
  • 1500

    Spanish Casta System Begins

    Spanish Casta System Begins
    In Spanish America racial categories were registered at local parishes upon baptism as required by the Spanish Crown.
  • Period:
    1500
    to

    Triangular Trade

    trade among three ports or regions.
  • Period:
    1500
    to

    Middle Passage

    The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were forcibly transported to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade.
  • 1520

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans
    Smallpox is believed to have arrived in the Americas in 1520 on a Spanish ship sailing from Cuba, carried by an infected African slave.
  • 1521

    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortez Conquers the Aztec Empire

    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortez Conquers the Aztec Empire
    He used deadly force to conquer Mexico, fighting Tlaxacan and Cholula warriors before turning his attention on the ultimate prize: taking over the Aztec Empire.
  • 1534

    England Splits from the Catholic Church

    England Splits from the Catholic Church
    Henry VIII decided to separate the entire country of England from the Roman Catholic Church. Henry VIII established the Church of England after his split with the Pope.
  • London Company Gains Charter for Set Up English Colony

    London Company Gains Charter for Set Up English Colony
    The Virginia Company of London was a joint-stock company chartered by King James I in 1606 to establish a colony in North America.
  • Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded

    Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded
    In 1607, 104 English men and boys arrived in North America to start a settlement. On May 13 they picked Jamestown, Virginia for their settlement, which was named after their King, James I.
  • Period: to

    Colonial Era

    The colonial history of the United States covers the history of European colonization of America from the early 16th century until the incorporation of the colonies into the United States of America.
  • French found Quebec on the St. Lawrence River and Engage in the Fur Trade

    French found Quebec on the St. Lawrence River and Engage in the Fur Trade
    while seeking routes through the continent, established relationships with Amerindians and continued to expand the trade of fur pelts for items considered 'common' by the Europeans.
  • Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe

    Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe
    Rolfe began cultivating tobacco seeds grown in the West Indies; he probably obtained them from Trinidad or some other Caribbean location.
  • First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony

    First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony
    On August 20, 1619, “20 and odd” Angolans, kidnapped by the Portuguese, arrive in the British colony of Virginia and are then bought by English colonists.
  • Virginia House of Burgesses

    Virginia House of Burgesses
    The House of Burgesses was the first elected general assembly in the colonies, paving the way for the democratic society formed during the Revolution.
  • Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded

    Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded
    it became part of the Dominion of New England Genealogy in 1686;
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    the first governing document of Plymouth Colony.
  • New Hampshire Founded

    New Hampshire Founded
    John Mason and Ferdinando Gorges were given a land grant by the Council for New England.
  • Dutch New Amsterdam Becomes Capital of New Netherland

    Dutch New Amsterdam Becomes Capital of New Netherland
    Dutch Governor Peter Stuyvesant surrenders New Amsterdam, the capital of New Netherland, to an English naval squadron under Colonel Richard Nicolls.
  • “City Upon a Hill” John Winthrop

    “City Upon a Hill” John Winthrop
    John Winthrop used this phrase to describe the Massachusetts Bay colony
  • Maryland Founded

    Maryland Founded
    founded in 1632 as a safe haven for English Catholics fleeing anti-Catholic persecution in Europe.
  • Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island

    Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island
    Rhode Island became a haven for Baptists, Quakers, Jews and other religious minorities.
  • Delaware Founded

    Delaware Founded
    The Delaware Colony was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit and New Sweden Company.
  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

    Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
    It describe the government set up by the Connecticut River towns, setting its structure and powers. They wanted the government to have access to the open ocean for trading.
  • Maryland Toleration Act

    Maryland Toleration Act
    The act was meant to ensure freedom of religion for Christian settlers of diverse persuasions in the colony.
  • North Carolina Founded

    North Carolina Founded
    Carolina is derived from the Latin name Carolus, translated as "Charles." The state was named in honor Charles IX of France and then King Charles I and King Charles II of England.
  • Iroquois Confederacy Formed

    Iroquois Confederacy Formed
    Iroquois confederacy consisted of the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the Onondagas, the Cayugas, and the Senecas.
  • Navigation Acts and Mercantilism

    The Navigation Acts were a series of laws passed by the British Parliament that imposed restrictions on colonial trade.
  • South Carolina Founded

    South Carolina Founded
    South Carolina, part of the original Province of Carolina, was founded in 1663 when King Charles II gave the land to eight noble men known as the Lords Proprietors.
  • New York Funded

    New York Funded
    European discovery of New York was led by the Italian Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524 followed by the first land claim in 1609 by the Dutch.
  • New Jersey Founded

    New Jersey Founded
    The New Jersey Colony was originally named the Province of New Jersey, after the British island named Jersey.
  • King Phillips War

    King Phillips War
    King Philip's War was an armed conflict in 1675–1678 between indigenous inhabitants of New England and New England colonists
  • Bacon’s Rebellion

    Bacon’s Rebellion
    Bacon's Rebellion was an armed rebellion by Virginia settlers that took place in 1676. It was led by Nathaniel Bacon against Governor William Berkeley.
  • Pueblo Revolt

    Pueblo Revolt
    known as Popé's Rebellion or Popay's Rebellion– was an uprising of most of the indigenous Pueblo people against the Spanish colonizers in the province of Santa Fe de Nuevo México, larger than present-day New Mexico.
  • Quaker William Penn Founds Pennsylvania

    Quaker William Penn Founds Pennsylvania
    Persecuted in England for his Quaker faith, Penn came to America in 1682 and established Pennsylvania as a place where people could enjoy freedom of religion.
  • Period: to

    Enlightenment Era

    was centered around the idea that reason is the primary source of authority and legitimacy
  • Harvard College Founded in Massachusetts

    Harvard College Founded in Massachusetts
    Harvard University possesses the title of America's oldest learning institution, founded in 1636.
  • John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government Published

    John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government Published
    Two Treatises of Government, major statement of the political philosophy of the English philosopher John Locke
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    The bill outlined specific constitutional and civil rights and ultimately gave Parliament power over the monarchy.
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts
  • Period: to

    Salutary Neglect Policy

    Salutary neglect, policy of the British government from the early to mid-18th century regarding its North American colonies under which trade regulations for the colonies were laxly enforced and imperial supervision of internal colonial affairs was loose as long as the colonies remained loyal to the British government
  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening
    The Great Awakening was a religious revival that impacted the English colonies in America during the 1730s and 1740s.
  • Georgia Founded as a Debtors Colony

    Georgia Founded as a Debtors Colony
    started the colony as a debtor's refuge in 1732, as an alternative to English debtors' prison.
  • Stono Rebellion

    Stono Rebellion
    It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies, with 25 colonists and 35 to 50 Africans killed.
  • French and Indian War Begins

    French and Indian War Begins
    The French and Indian War was the North American conflict in a larger imperial war between Great Britain and France known as the Seven Years' War.
  • French and Indian War Ends

    French and Indian War Ends
    The war provided Great Britain enormous territorial gains in North America, but disputes over subsequent frontier policy and paying the war's expenses led to colonial discontent, and ultimately to the American Revolution.
  • Proclamation Line of 1763

    Proclamation Line of 1763
    the proclamation line, separating the British colonies on the Atlantic coast from American Indian lands west of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • Period: to

    Revolutionary Era

    The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War.
  • Period: to

    Republican Motherhood

    Republican Motherhood represents a belief that mothers were responsible for raising children to practice the principles of republicanism, thus making them perfect citizens of a new country.
  • Period: to

    Republican Motherhood

    Republican Motherhood represents a belief that mothers were responsible for raising children to practice the principles of republicanism, thus making them perfect citizens of a new country.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    in U.S. colonial history, British legislation aimed at ending the smuggling trade in sugar and molasses from the French and Dutch West Indies
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    an act regulating stamp duty (a tax on the legal recognition of documents).
  • Quartering Act

    the Quartering Act, outlining the locations and conditions in which British soldiers are to find room and board in the American colonies.
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    The Townshend Acts were a series of measures, passed by the British Parliament in 1767
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    British soldiers shot and killed several people while being harassed by a mob in Boston.
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    The principal objective was to reduce the massive amount of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the financially struggling company survive.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    The Boston Tea Party was a political and mercantile protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, Massachusetts, on December 16, 1773.
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    The Intolerable Acts were punitive laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 after the Boston Tea Party.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    the First Continental Congress to organize colonial resistance to Parliament's Coercive Acts.
  • Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Published

    Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Published
    Advocating independence from Great Britain to people in the Thirteen Colonies.
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

    Battle of Lexington and Concord
    The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    The Second Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the 13 colonies
  • Continental Army Lead by General George Washington

    Continental Army Lead by General George Washington
    Washington was selected over other candidates such as John Hancock based on his previous military experience and the hope that a leader from Virginia could help unite the colonies.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Declaration of Independence is the pronouncement adopted by the Second Continental Congress
  • Benjamin Franklin Becomes French Ambassador

    Benjamin Franklin Becomes French Ambassador
    Benjamin Franklin was appointed minister to France in 1778,
  • Winter at Valley Forge

    Winter at Valley Forge
    Valley Forge functioned as the third of eight winter encampments for the Continental Army's main body, commanded by General George Washington
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    It included two crucial battles, fought eighteen days apart, and was a decisive victory for the Continental Army and a crucial turning point in the Revolutionary War.
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    at Yorktown, Virginia, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington
  • Treaty of Paris of 1783

    Treaty of Paris of 1783
    The Treaty of Paris was signed by U.S. and British Representatives