Cover

AP Art History - Richards

  • Period: 30,000 BCE to 500 BCE

    Global Prehistory Time Period

    3500 BCE The wheel is used in Mesopotamia, modern day Iraq.
    2900 BCE First Egyptian hieroglyphs appear. Can be divided into Ancient Near East, Egyptian, Etruscan, and Greek time spans.
  • Period: 26,000 BCE to 24,000 BCE

    Standard of Ur from the royal tombs

    Link
    Material: Wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone
  • Period: 25,300 BCE to 25,000 BCE

    Apollo 11 Stones

    Image
    Material: Charcoal on Stone
  • Period: 15,000 BCE to 13,000 BCE

    Great Hall of the Bulls

    Image
    Material: Rock Painting
  • Period: 14,000 BCE to 7000 BCE

    Camelid Sacrum in the Shape of a Canine

    Image
    Material: Bone
  • Period: 6000 BCE to 4000 BCE

    Running Horned Woman

    Image
    Material: Pigment on Rock
  • Period: 4200 BCE to 3500 BCE

    Beaker with Ibex Motifs

    Image
    Material: Painted Terra Cotta
  • Period: 4000 BCE to 3000 BCE

    Anthropomorphic Stele

    Image
    Material: Sandstone
  • Period: 3517 BCE to 3358 BCE

    White Temple and its Zuggurat

    Image
    Material: Mud Brick
  • Period: 3300 BCE to 2200 BCE

    Jade Cong

    Image
    Material: Carved Jade
  • Period: 3000 BCE to 2920 BCE

    Palette of King Narmer

    Image
    Material: Greywacke
  • 2700 BCE

    Statue of Votive figures from the Square Temple at Eshnunna

    Image
    Material: Gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone
  • Period: 2620 BCE to 2500 BCE

    Seated Scribe

    Image
    Material: Painted Limestone
  • Period: 2550 BCE to 2490 BCE

    Great Pyramids of Giza

    Image
    Material: Cut Limestone
  • Period: 2500 BCE to 1600 BCE

    Stonehenge

    Image
    Material: Sandstone
  • Period: 2490 BCE to 2472 BCE

    King Menkaura and Queen

    Image
    Material: Greywacke
  • Period: 1792 BCE to 1750 BCE

    The Code of Hammurabi

    Image
    Material: Basalt
  • Period: 1550 BCE to 1250 BCE

    Temple of Amun-re and Hypostyle Hall

    Image
    Material: Cut Sandstone and Mud Brick
  • 1500 BCE

    The Ambum Stone

    Image
    Material: Greywacke
  • Period: 1473 BCE to 1458 BCE

    Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut

    Image
    Material: Sandstone carved into rock cliff
  • Period: 1353 BCE to 1335 BCE

    Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and Three Daughters

    Image
    Material: Limestone
  • 1323 BCE

    Tutankhamun's Tomb, innermost coffin

    Image
    Material: Gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones
  • 1275 BCE

    Last judgement of Hu-Nefer

    Image
    Material: Painted Papyrus Scroll
  • Period: 1200 BCE to 900 BCE

    Tlatilco female figurine

    Image
    Material: Ceramic
  • 1000 BCE

    Terra Cotta Fragment

    Image
    Material: Terra Cotta (incised)
  • Period: 720 BCE to 705 BCE

    Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II

    Image
    Material: Alabaster
  • Period: 700 BCE to 337

    Roman Time Period

    753 BCE Rome is founded by Romulus and Remus on Tiber River
    146 BCE Greece became Roman province
  • Period: 600 BCE to 150

    Athenian Agora

  • 530 BCE

    Anavysos Kouros

    Image
    Material: Marble with remnants of paint
  • 530 BCE

    Peplos Kore from the Acropolis

    Image
    Material: Marble, painted details
  • 520 BCE

    Sarcophagus of the Spouses

    Image
    Material: Terra Cotta
  • Period: 520 BCE to 465 BCE

    Audience Hall of Darius and Xerxes

    Image
    Material: Limestone
  • Period: 510 BCE to 500 BCE

    Temple of Minerva and sculpture of Apollo

    Image
    Material: Wood, mud brick, and terra cotta sculpture
  • Period: 480 BCE to 470 BCE

    Tomb of the Triclinium

    Image
    Material: Tufa and Fresco
  • Period: 460 BCE to 450 BCE

    Niobides Krater

    Image
    Material: Clay using red-figure technique
  • Period: 450 BCE to 440 BCE

    Doryphoros

    Image
    Material: Roman marble copy of the original Greek bronze
  • Period: 447 BCE to 410 BCE

    Acropolis

    Image
    Material: Marble
  • 410 BCE

    Grave stele of Hegeso

    Grave stele of Hegeso
    Material: Marble and Paint
  • Period: 200 BCE to 100 BCE

    House of Vetti

    Image
    Material: Cut stone and Fresco
  • 190 BCE

    Winged Victory of Samothrace

    Winged Victory of Samothrace
    Material: Marble
  • 175 BCE

    Great Alter of Zeus and Athens at Pergamon

    Great Alter of Zeus and Athens at Pergamon
    Material: Marble
  • 100 BCE

    Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii

    Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii
    Material: Mosaic
  • 100 BCE

    Seated boxer

    Seated boxer
    Material: Bronze
  • Period: 72 BCE to 50 BCE

    Head of a Roman patrician

    Image
    Material: Marble
  • Period: 13 to 73

    Augustus of Prima Porta

    Image
    Material: Marble
  • Period: 70 to 80

    Colosseum

    Image
    Material: Stone and Concrete
  • Period: 106 to 112

    Forum of Trajan

    Image
    Material: Brick and Concrete
  • Period: 118 to 125

    Pantheon

    Image
    Material: Concrete with Stone facings
  • Period: 200 to 400

    Catacomb of Priscilla

    Image
    Material: Excavated Tufa and Fresco
  • Period: 235 to 527

    Late Antique Time Period

    33 CE Christ is crucified
    313 CE Edict of Milan legalizes Christianity
  • 250

    Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus

    Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus
    Material: Marble
  • Period: 324 to Jan 10, 1453

    Byzantine Time Period

    380 CE Christianity made official Roman religion
    394 CE Theodosius I banned Olympic Games
  • Period: 400 to Jan 10, 1000

    Early Medieval

    400 - 700 CE Anglo-Saxons thrived in what is now Great Britain
    500 - 700 CE Hiberno Saxons thrived in what is now Ireland
  • Period: 422 to 432

    Santa Sabina

    Image
    Material: Brick and Stone, Wood
  • Period: 526 to 547

    San Vitale

    Image
    Material:Brick, marble, stone veneer, and mosaic
  • Period: 532 to 537

    Hagia Sophia

    Image
    Material: Brick and ceramic elements with stone and mosaic veneer
  • Period: Jan 6, 610 to Jan 7, 630

    Rebecca and Eliezer at the Well

    Image
    Material Illuminated Manuscript
  • Period: Jan 9, 640 to

    Islamic Time Period

    661-750 CE Umayyad Dynasty ruled
    1453 CE Ottoman Empire conquered Constantinople Contains Early Period, Medieval Period, and Late Period.
  • Jan 6, 650

    Merovingian looped fibulae

    Merovingian looped fibulae
    Material: Silver gilt-worked in filigree, inlays of garnets and precious stones
  • Period: Jan 6, 680 to Jan 7, 710

    Virgin and child between Saints Theodore and George

    Image
    Material: Encaustic on Wood
  • Jan 6, 700

    Lindisfarne Gospels: St. Matthew, cross-carpet page; St. Luke portrait page; St Luke incipit page

    Lindisfarne Gospels: St. Matthew, cross-carpet page; St. Luke portrait page; St Luke incipit page
    Material: Illuminated manuscript - ink, pigment, gold
  • Period: Jan 6, 785 to Jan 7, 786

    Great Mosque

    Image
    Material: Stone Masonry
  • Jan 6, 968

    Pyxis of al-Mughira

    Pyxis of al-Mughira
    Material: Ivory
  • Period: Jan 9, 1000 to Jan 10, 1200

    Romanesque

    1095 - 1099 CE First Crusade
    1188 - 1192 CE Third Crusade
  • Period: Jan 6, 1050 to Jan 7, 1130

    Church of Sainte-Foy

    Image
    Material: Stone and paint, gold, silver, gemstones, enamel over wood
  • Period: Jan 6, 1066 to Jan 7, 1080

    Bayeux Tapestry

    Image
    Material: Embroidery on Linen
  • Period: Jan 9, 1140 to Jan 10, 1500

    Gothic Time Period

    1194 CE A fire burns down sections of Chartres Cathedral
    1182 CE Capture of Jerusalem by Saladdin Contains the Early Gothic, High Gothic, and Late Gothic periods within
  • Period: Jan 6, 1194 to Jan 7, 1220

    Chartres Cathedral

    Image
    Material: Limestone, stained glass
  • Period: Jan 9, 1200 to Jan 10, 1400

    Late Medieval

    1215 CE Declaration of Magna Carta
    1346 - 1353 CE Black Death
  • Period: Jan 6, 1225 to Jan 7, 1245

    Dedication Page with Blanche of Castle and King Louis IX of France, Scenes from the Apocolypse from Bibles moralisées

    Image
    Material: Illuminated Manuscript
  • Period: Jan 6, 1300 to Jan 7, 1325

    Röttgen Pietà

    Image
    Material: Painted wood
  • Jan 6, 1305

    Arena (Scrovengni) Chapel, including Lamentation

    Arena (Scrovengni) Chapel, including Lamentation
    Material: Fresco, brick
  • Jan 6, 1320

    Golden Haggadah

    Golden Haggadah
    Material: Illuminated manuscript - pigment and gold leaf on vellum
  • Period: Jan 6, 1354 to Jan 7, 1391

    Alhambra

    Image
    Material: Whitewashed adobe stucco, wood, tile, paint, gilding
  • Period: Jan 9, 1400 to Jan 10, 1500

    Northern Late Medieval and Early Renaissance Time Period

    1447 CE Gutenberg invents movable printing press
    1452 CE Leonardo da Vinci is born
  • Period: Jan 9, 1400 to Jan 10, 1500

    Early Renaissance: "Quattrocento" Time Period

    1360 - 1429 CE Giovanni de' Medici establishes family fortune through banking
    1449 - 1492 CE Lorenzo Giovanni gathers artists and individuals from all fields
  • Period: Jan 6, 1427 to Jan 7, 1432

    Annunciation Triptych

    Image
    Material: Oil on Wood
  • Period: Jan 8, 1429 to Jan 9, 1461

    Pazzi Chapel

    Image
    Artist: Filippo Brunelleschi
    Material: masonry
  • Jan 8, 1431

    Arnolfini Portrait

    Arnolfini Portrait
    Artist: Jan van Eyck
    Material: Oil on wood
  • Period: Jan 8, 1440 to Jan 9, 1460

    David

    Image
    Artist: Donatello
    Material: Bronze
  • Jan 8, 1450

    Palazzo Rucellai

    Palazzo Rucellai
    Artist: Leon Battista Alberti
    Material: Stone, masonry
  • Jan 8, 1465

    Madonna and Child with Two Angels

    Madonna and Child with Two Angels
    Artist: Fra Filippo Lippi
    Material: Tempera on Wood
  • Period: Jan 8, 1484 to Jan 9, 1486

    Birth of Venus

    Image
    ^Added cats to this one just for you Artist: Sandro Botticelli
    Material: Tempera on Canvas
  • Period: Jan 8, 1494 to Jan 9, 1498

    Last Supper

    Image
    Artist: Leonardo da Vinci
    Material: Oil and Tempera
  • Period: Jan 9, 1500 to

    High Renaissance Time Period

    1517 CE Martin Luther posts the 95 Thesis
    1563 CE First art academy, Academia del Disegno, is founded in Florence
  • Jan 8, 1504

    Adam and Eve

    Adam and Eve
    Artist: Albrecht Dürer
    Material: Engraving
  • Period: Jan 8, 1508 to Jan 9, 1512

    Sistine Chapel ceiling and altar wall frescoes

    Image
    Artist: Michelangelo
    Material: Fresco
  • Period: Jan 8, 1509 to Jan 9, 1511

    School of Athens

    Image
    Artist: Raphael
    Material: Fresco
  • Period: Jan 8, 1512 to Jan 9, 1516

    Isenheim altarpiece

    Image
    Artist: Matthias Grünewald
    Material: Oil on Wood
  • Period: Jan 9, 1520 to

    Mannerism Time Period

    1527 CE Sack of Rome by Germans and Spaniards
    1550 -1700 CE Scientific Revolution
  • Period: Jan 8, 1525 to Jan 9, 1528

    Entombment of Christ

    Image
    Artist: Jacopo da Pontormo
    Material: Oil on Wood
  • Jan 8, 1530

    Allegory of Law and Grace

    Allegory of Law and Grace
    Artist: Lucas Cranach the Elder
    Material: Woodcut and letterpress
  • Jan 8, 1538

    Venus of Urbino

    Venus of Urbino
    Artist: Titian
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • Jan 8, 1565

    Hunters in the Snow

    Hunters in the Snow
    Artist: Pieters Bruegel the Elder
    Material: Oil on Wood
  • Period: Jan 8, 1568 to

    Il Gesù, including Triumph of the Name of Jesus ceiling fresco

    Image
    Artist: Giacomo da Vignola, Giamcomo della Porta, Giovanni Battista Gaulli
    Material: Brick, marble, fresco, stucco
  • Period: Jan 8, 1568 to Jan 9, 1575

    Mosque of Selim II

    Image
    Artist: Sinan
    Material: Brick and Stone
  • Period: to

    Calling of Saint Matthew

    Image
    Artist: Caravaggio
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • Period: to

    Baroque Time Period

    1545 -1563 CE Council of Trent questioned how art should serve religion, thus affecting this time period
    1618 - 1648 CE Thirty Years' War
  • Period: to

    Henri IV Recieves the portrait of Marie de' Medici, from the Marie de' Medici Cycle

    Image
    Artist: Peter Paul Rubens
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • Self-Portrait with Saskia

    Self-Portrait with Saskia
    Artist: Rembrandt van Rijn
    Material: Etching
  • Period: to

    San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane

    Image
    Artist: Francesco Borromini
    Material: Stone and Stucco
  • Period: to

    Ecstasy of Saint Teresa

    Image
    Artist: Gian Lorenzo Bernini
    Material: Marble, stucco, gilt bronze
  • Las Meninas

    Las Meninas
    Artist: Diego Velàzquez
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • Women Holding a Balance

    Women Holding a Balance
    Artist: Johannes Vermeer​
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • The Palace of Versailles

    The Palace of Versailles
    Artist: Louis Le Vau and Jules Hardouin-Mansart
    Material: Masonry, stone, wood, iron, gold leaf
  • Fruit and Insects

    Fruit and Insects
    Artist: Rachel Ruysch
    Material: Oil on Wood
  • Period: to

    Rococo Time Period

    1715 CE Louis XIV dies
    1760's CE Rise of Neoclassicism after the enlightenment​ of Florence
  • The Tête à Tête, from Marriage à la Mode

    The Tête à Tête, from Marriage à la Mode
    Artist: William Hogarth
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • Period: to

    Neoclassicism Time Period

    1789 CE French Revolution
    1789 - 1871 CE France flips back and forth between monarchy and other forms of government
  • Period: to

    A Philosopher Giving a Lecture on the Orrery

    Image
    Artist: Joseph Wright of Derby
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • The Swing

    The Swing
    Artist: Jean-Honoré Fragonard
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • Period: to

    Monticello

    Image
    Artist: Thomas Jefferson
    Material: Brick, glass, stone, wood
  • The Oath of the Horatii

    The Oath of the Horatii
    Artist: Jacques-Louis David
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • Period: to

    George Washington

    Image
    Artist: Jean-Antoine Hudson
    Material: Marble
  • Self-Portrait

    Self-Portrait
    Artist: Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • Period: to

    Romanticism Time Period

    1815 CE Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo
    1823 CE French invasion of Spain
  • Period: to

    Y no hai remedio, fromo Los Desastres de la Guerra, plate 15

    Image
    Artist: Francisco de Goya
    Material: Etching, drypoint, burin, burnishing
  • La Grande Odalisque

    La Grande Odalisque
    Artist: Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • The Oxbow

    The Oxbow
    Artist: Thomas Cole
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • Still Life in Studio

    Still Life in Studio
    Artist: Louis-Jacques Mandé Daguerre
    Material: Daguerreotype
  • Slave Ship

    Slave Ship
    Artist: Joseph Mallord William Turner
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • The Stone Breakers

    The Stone Breakers
    Artist: Gustave Courbet
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • Nadar Raising Photography to the Height of Art

    Nadar Raising Photography to the Height of Art
    Artist: Honoré Daumier
    Material: Lithograph
  • Olympia

    Olympia
    Artist: Édouard Manet
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • The Saint-Lazare Station

    The Saint-Lazare Station
    Artist: Claude Monet
    Material: Oil on Canvas
  • Period: to

    The Burghers of Calais

    Image
    Artist: Auguste Rodin
    Material: Bronze
  • Liberty Leading the People

    Liberty Leading the People
    Artist: Eugène Delacroix
    Material: Oil on Canvas