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Unit 3 Key Terms

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    Urbanization & Industrialization
    Since the population grew, more cities started to grow which is called urbanization.
    Since a lot of inventions were being made, industries started to grow which is called industrialization. It switched from rural to urban society.
    Inventions included Lightbulbs, Petroleum based products, steel production, etc.
  • Immigration & the American Dream

    Immigration & the American Dream
    Immigrants thought that if you moved to America you could live the American Dream. This only increased the population, and over crowded cities which led to lots of problems.
    -There is no specific date as to when it started.
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    Susan B. Anthony,dpr_1.0,g_face,h_300,q_80,w_300/MTE1ODA0OTcxMzg3ODE1NDM3.jpg
    -She was a suffragist, abolitionist, author and speaker
    -She was the president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
    -Her face is on a coin.
  • Third Parties Politics

    Third Parties Politics
    Third-party candidates usually have to get thousands of signatures on petitions just to be listed on the ballot.
    Third party is any party contending for votes that failed to outpoll either of its two strongest rivals.
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    With the flood of Irish and German immigration in the 1840s and '50s comes nativism, the fear that immigrants will out-breed, out-vote and out-work native-born Americans.
    Nativism is the policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.
  • Indian Removal

    Indian Removal
    Authorized the president to negotiate with Indian tribes in the Southern United States for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their homelands.
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    Andrew Carnegie

    Image of Andrew CarnegieAndrew Carnegie was Scottish American.
    Carnegie had worked his way up to the top of the steel company, selling the company to John Morgan after the labor movement making Andrew one of the richest men. After Carnegie sold the company he dedicated his life to philanthropy.
    During the Civiul War, Carnegie was actually drafted for the army but instead of going to serve, he paid another man $850 to report for duty in his place. This was actually common during the drafting days.
  • Manifest Destiney

    Manifest Destiney
    Not a specific date but was in the 1840s.
    The 19th-century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable.
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    Eugene V. Debs,_bw_photo_portrait,_1897.jpg
    -He was a labor organizer and socialist leader.
    -Debs entered politics as a Democratic City Clerk.
    -He was elected to the Indiana State Assembly in 1885.
    -He organized the American Railway Union.
    -He served 10 years in prison for his criticism for the United States involvement in World War 2.
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    Clarence Darrow
    -American Lawyer
    -Leading memeber of the American Civil Liberties Union
    -He is best known for defending Leopold and Loeb in trial for murdering 14 year old Robert Franks (Bobby)
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    Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt
    Roosevelt was an American polititian, author, naturalist, soldier, explorer, historian and most importantly the 26th President of the United States. Theodore is remembered for his foreign policy, corporate reforms, and ecological preservation. His nickname was "Trust-Buster"
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    Political Machines's_New_Solar_System2.jpg
    A group that controls the activities of a political party.
    There main goals were to get the groups own candidates elected to all of the top jobs in the city government, and to use that power to make the leaders of the organization rich.
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    William Jennings Bryan

    -He was a leading American polititian.
    -He was a dominant force in the populist wing of the Democratic Party
    -He stood three times as the parties candidate for President of the United States.
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    Jane Addams
    Addams was the second women to recieve the peace prize. She is the founder of the Womens International League for Peace and Freedom in 1919. She played a role as an International President, Womens International League for Peace and Freedom, Sociologist.
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    Signed into law by Abraham Lincoln.
    Anyone who had never taken up arms against the U.S. government, was 21 years or older, or the head of a family, could file an application to claim a federal land grant.
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    Ida B. Wells,dpr_1.0,g_face,h_300,q_80,w_300/MTE5NDg0MDU1MTY0OTEzMTY3.jpg
    -An African-American journalist and activist.
    -She an anti-lynching crusade in the 1890's
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    The Glided Age
    One of the most dynamic, contentious, and volatile periods in American history.
    Named after an 1873 social satire by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner.
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    Social Gospel Movement

    Protestant Christian intellectual movement that was most prominent in the early 20th century United States and Canada.
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    Upton Sinclair
    -He was an activist writer whose work most of the time identified social injustices.
    -He is well known for his novel "The Jungle".
  • Civil Service Reform

    Civil Service Reform
    An act that abolished the United States Civil Service Commission.
    It placed federal employees on the merit system.
    It marked the end of the spoils system.
  • Haymarket Riot

    Haymarket Riot
    The Haymarket affair was the aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration, at Haymarket Square in Chicago.
    It began as a peaceful rally in support of workers striking for an eight-hour day.
  • The Dawes Act

    The Dawes Act
    Introduced by Henry Dawes, Senator from Massachusetts
    The act broke up previous land settlements given to Native Americans in the form of reservations, and separated them into smaller, separate parcels of land to live on.
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    Populism & Progressivism
    Populism is a political doctrine that appeals to the interests and conceptions (such as fears) of the general people.
    The Progressive Era was a period of social activism and political reform in the United States.
  • Klondike Gold Rush

     Klondike Gold Rush
    Also called the Yukon Gold Rush, the Alaska Gold Rush, the Alaska-Yukon Gold Rush, the Canadian Gold Rush, and the Last Great Gold Rush.
    A rush of thousands of people toward the Klondike gold mining district in northwestern Canada after gold was discovered there.
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    Dollar Diplomacy
    Dollar Diplomacy is the use of a country's financial power to extend its international influence.
    There is no specific date.
    This process was followed by President William Howard Taft and Secretary of State Philander C. Knox.
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    Initiative, Referendum, Recall
    Initiative is a process that enables citizens to bypass their state legislature by placing proposed statutes and, in some states, constitutional amendments on the ballot.
    A recall election is a procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before his or her term has ended.
    Referendum is a general vote by the electorate on a single political question that has been referred to them for a direct decision.
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    Refers to reform-minded journalists who wrote largely for all popular magazines and continued a tradition of investigative journalism reporting.
    Muckrakers often worked to expose social ills and corporate and political corruption.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Pure Food and Drug Act
    Provided federal inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines.
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    Gave Congress the power to tax income.
  • 17th Amendment

    17th Amendment
    provided for the election of two U.S. senators from each state by popular vote, for a term of six years.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    Federal Reserve Act
    Stood as a classic example of compromise.
    Signed by President Woodrow Wilson.
    Also known at the time as the Currency Bill, or the Owen-Glass Act.
    It called for a system of eight to twelve mostly autonomous regional Reserve Banks that would be owned by commerical banks and whose actions would be coordinated by a committee appointed by the President.
  • Suffrage

    19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Women's Right to Vote.
    Joint Resolution of Congress proposing a constitutional amendment extending the right of suffrage to women.
  • 18th Amendment

    18th Amendment
    -Prohibited the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages for consumption.
    - Was repealed in 1933.
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    Tea Pot Dome Scandal
    A bribery incident that took place in the United States from 1920 to 1923, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    Gave women the right to vote.