photoThe purpose was to find a way to bring peace to Indochina and unifying Vietnam. It ended up splitting Vietnam into Norh and South with the North being Communist and the south being democratic. (Kennedy textbook)
Brown vs Board Of Education
photoThis case ruled that segragation in school was unconstitutional. It effectively ruined the 1896 Plessy vs Ferguson praising segregation. (Kennedy Textbook)
photoIn response to the rise of illegal Mexican immigrants, Operation Wetback was put into effect. Its goal was to capture illegals and place them back in Mexico. 1 million illegals were returned to Mexico in 1954. (Kennedy Textbook)
Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat
photoAfrican American, Rosa Parks who was also a NAACP secretary, refuses to give up her seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama. She is arrested which results in a bus boycott that lasts 11 months. (Kennedy text book)
Interstate Highway act
photoThis was a 27 billion dollar plan to build 42 thousand miles of roads. The act offered countless jobs to construction and speeded suburbanization. (Kennedy Textbook)
photoIn response to the Montgomery bus boycott, Martin Luther King Jr. formed the SCLC. Its goal was was to mobilize the black churches on behalf of black rights. (Kennedy Textbook)
photoHe was the republican candidate. He was first elected in 1952, and he was reelected in 1956.
Little Rock Nine
photoArkansas Governor, Orval Faubus, refused to admit 9 African American children into the high school. In response Eisenhower sent the 101st airborne to escort the students. (Kennedy textbook)
photoThe sit-in movement was launched in 1960 by four black college freshmen in Greensboro, North Carolina. The goal was to remain in establishments that only served whites until they served blacks. These movements eventually lead to the SNCC to be formed in April. (Kennedy Textbook)
John F. Kennedy
photoHe was the democratic candidate. He won in 1960. He was assisnated in 1963 and was replaced by Lyndon B. Johnson.
photoKennedy formed the Peace corps in 1961. Its goal was to bring an army of youthful volunteers to undeveloped countries. There they would lend their skills for the countries aid. (Kennedy Textbook)
photoIn 1961, Kennedy announced to congress that he wanted to send America to the moon. After spending twenty-four billion dollars, they were successful in 1969. (Kennedy textbook)
photoIn the spring of 1963, the SCLC organized a campaign in Birmingham against discrimination. King pleaded his followers to practice non-violence. The authorities on the other hand hosed down protestors and arrested 1000s of african americans including children. (Kennedy textbook)
Kennedy 1963 speech on civil rights
photoIn response to the Birmingham campaign, Kennedy responded with a televised speech. He called the situation a moral issue and committed himself to find a solution. (Kennedy textbook)
March on Washington
photoIn August, King led 200,000 demonstrators on a peaceful March on Washington. The goal was to persuade congress to pass civil rights legislation. There, King also had his famous I Have a Dream Speech. (Kennedy Textbook)
Civil Rights Act 1964
photoThis act banned racial discrimination in most facilities open to the puiblic. It made the government more effective in ending segragation. (Kennedy textbook)
Gulf of Tonkin
photoIn August, the US and the North Vietnamese army's ships got into a small skirmish. Because of this, congress gave the president authorization to send conventional troops to South East Asia. (Kennedy Textbook).
photoHe was the democratic candidate. He replaced JFK after his assassination and won reelection in 1964.
Medicare and Medicaid
photoIn 1965, Johnson made medicare for the elderly and medicaid for the poor law. These programs improved the lives of millions of Americans but undermined the federal government's financial health. (Kennedy Textbook)
Voting Rights Act of 1965
photoThis act outlawed literacy tests and sent federal voter registrars into several southern states. Combined with the twenty-fourth amendment outlawing the poll tax, it facilitated black people's right to vote. (Kennedy textbook)
Immigration and Nationality Act
photoThis act abolished the national-origins quota system that was around since 1921. The act also doubled the number of immigrants allowed to enter annually. (Kennedy Textbook)
photoHe was the republican candidate. He was elected in 1968. He was reelected in 1972. He resigned in 1974 and was replaced by Gerald Ford.
photoNixon announced that he planned to withdraw 540,000 US troops. He would also supply the South with money, weapons, training, and advice. (Kennedy Textbook)
photoThis organizations birth climaxed two decades of concern of the environment. The goal was to protect the environment. (Kennedy Textbook)
Roe vs Wade Decision
photoThe court case is considered to be the most controversial decison of modern times. It legalized abortion. It ruined the illusion that Nixon's supreme court was convervative. (Kennedy Textbook)
Paris Peace Accords
photoThe Accords sanctioned a cease fire agreement, Americans would withdraw their soldiers, America will regain their POWs, and North Vietnam was allowed to maintain 30 percent of South Vietnam. (Kennedy Textbook)
Milliken vs Bradley
photoThis act ruled that desegration plans could not require students to move across school district lines. This reinforced white flight from the inner cities. (Kennedy textbook)
photoHe was selected by congress to replace Nixon in 1974. He tried for reelection in 1976, but he lost to Carter.
Ford Pardons Nixon
photoFord's most controversial decision was pardon Nixon. This haunted him and cause democrats to become suspicious. This costed him the 1976 election. (Kennedy Textbook)
Escape From Vietnam
photoThe North Vietnam army was able to capture Saigon effectively ending the war. In response, America had to rescue the remaining Americans stranded there and 140,000 southerners. (Kennedy Textbook).