Civil War

  • Period: to

    1861-South

  • Seven Southern States Secede From Union

    Seven Southern States Secede From Union
    Image CreditSeven southern states seceded from the Union and the all of the southern states set up the Confederate States of America. This gave the South more states.
  • Rebels Fire Cannons at Fort Sumter

    Rebels Fire Cannons at Fort Sumter
    Image CreditOn April 13, 1861 at 4:30 a.m., Confederates open fired on Fort Sumter. Major Robert Anderson surrendered after 34 hours of this. This gave the South lots of confidence.
  • Lee Turns Down Union Command

    Lee Turns Down Union Command
    Image Credit Robert E. Lee turned down Union command because he could not go against Virginia. This gave the South a great general.
  • Richmond, Virginia Becomes new CSA Capital

    Richmond, Virginia Becomes new CSA Capital
    Image CreditThe new capital of the CSA, Richmond, Virginia, was only 105 miles from Washington D.C. This would make it easier to seize Washington D.C. at the end of the war.
  • First Income Tax in U.S. History

    First Income Tax in U.S. History
    Image CreditThe first tax in U.S. history was to help pay for the expensive war. This meant that the North needed more money for supplies, and the South was doing better on supplies.
  • Period: to

    1862-South

  • Battle Between Ironclad Ships

    Battle Between Ironclad Ships
    Image CreditThe battle between the Union's Monitor and the Confederate's Merrimac ended in a draw.
  • Stonewall Becomes Confederate Legend

    Stonewall Becomes Confederate Legend
    Image CreditFrom May to June, in thirty days, General "Stonewall" Jackson forced the Union to divert troops from other areas to protect panicky Washington. His infantry marched 350 miles, defeated three Union armies in five miles, and collected many supplies. This gave "Stonewall" immortal military fame.
  • Seven Days Battle

    Seven Days Battle
    Image CreditMcClellan lost the Seven Days Battle. This meant that the South's Lee could seize momentum.
  • VIctory For the South at Second Battle of Bull Run

    VIctory For the South at Second Battle of Bull Run
    Image CreditThe second Battle of Bullrun was won by the south. The Confederates were commanded by General Robert E. Lee and General "Stonewall" Jackson. This victory cleared Lee's way for an invasion of the North.
  • Union Disaster at Fredricksburg

    Union Disaster at Fredricksburg
    Image CreditBurnside tried to attack the Confederates, but it didn't work. More than 12,000 federals were killed during this attempt to attack the Confederates.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Image CreditPresident Lincoln signed and issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which said that all slaves in a rebellious state were free. This movement began to end slavery in the United States.
  • Period: to

    1863-NORTH

  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of  Gettysburg
    Image CreditOn Cemetary Ridge, General Robert E. Lee tried to invade the North, but it ended with a dramatic victory for the North. This was a crucial Union victory.
  • VIcksburg Falls to Grant

    VIcksburg Falls to Grant
    Image CreditWhile the Battle of Gettysburg was happening, a very important battle was going on in Vicksburg, Mississippi(The North was being led by Grant). Then, on July 4, 1863, General Grant accepted the surrender of Vicksburg. Vicksburg fall split the Confederacy.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Image CreditLincoln went to the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and delivered the Gettysburg address to give a few appropriate remarks. In this, Lincoln captured the Union's noble cause and gave a great speech.
  • Union Wins Chattanooga

    Union Wins Chattanooga
    Image CreditGeneral George Thomas led the Union to win a crushing victory over rebel forces led by General Braxton Bragg. The Union then had control of a key Southern city where they can easily move into Alabama and Georgia with their goal of further splitting the Confederacy.
  • Period: to

    1864-North

  • Grant Commanding

    Grant Commanding
    Image CreditGrant was appointed as lieutenant general. This strengthened the North's military potential.
  • Farragut Captures Mobile Bay

    Farragut Captures Mobile Bay
    Image CreditThe victory at Mobile Bay displayed the Union's superiority at sea. The Union sieged the city Mobile which will move them closer to Atlanta.
  • Sherman Captures Atlanta

    Sherman Captures Atlanta
    Image CreditSherman and his men got to Atlanta destroyed the property there. They then continued their march to the sea to split the south again!
  • President Lincoln's Second Term

    President Lincoln's Second Term
    Image CreditIn the Presidential Race, Abraham Lincon was running against George McClellan. Lincoln won and has the mandate to pursue restoration of the Union.
  • Sherman's March

    Sherman's March
    Image CreditLeaving Atlanta in flames, Sherman began his march through Georgia with his goal to gain Savannah by December. His march will devestate the Confederacy.
  • Period: to

    1865-North

  • Lincoln's Second Inaguration

    Lincoln's Second Inaguration
    Image CreditAt Lincoln's second inaguration, he mentioned the the war is winding down to a Union victory. He also mentioned that there will be no malice.
  • Civil War Last Battle: Saylor's Creek

    Civil War Last Battle: Saylor's Creek
    Image CreditAt the battle of Saylor's Creek, 8,000 Confederates (one third of Lee's men) surrendered. The war's end was near.
  • Lee Surrenders

    Lee Surrenders
    Image CreditAt the Appomattox Courthouse, Lee finally surrendered to Grant. The North had then won the war! The Rebels got to keep private horses and arms.
  • Booth Captured and Killed

    Booth Captured and Killed
    Image CreditPresident Lincoln's assassin had been captured and killed. Booth had been shot when he ran out of a burning barn.
  • Jeferson Davis Captured

    Jeferson Davis Captured
    Image CreditThe Confederacy's President Jefferson Davis had been captured while encamped near Irvinville. This meant that theConfederacy was dead.