American History Timeline

  • Stephen Austin establishes a colony in Texas

    · Established a colony between the Brazos and Colorado rivers, where
    “no drunkard, no gambler, no profane swearing, and no idler”
    would be allowed
    · Colony’s capital in San Felipe
  • Stephen Austin meets with Mexican President Santa Anna

    · Present petitions for greater self-government for Texas
    · Santa Anna suspended the 1824 Mexican constitution and had Austin imprisoned for inciting revolution.
  • Mexico places restrictions on American immigration

    Mexico sealed up its borders and slapped heavy taxes on the importation of American goods
    · they were against slavery
  • Battle of the Alamo February 23

    · Determined to force Texas to obey laws he had established, Santa Anna marched toward San Antonio at the head of a 4,000-member army. At the same time, Austin and his followers issued a call for Texans to arm themselves
    · U. S. defenders died, including the famous frontiersmen Jim Bowie, who had designed the razor-sharp Bowie knife, and Davy Crockett, who sported a raccoon cap with
  • Battle of San Jacinto

    · he signed the peace treaty that made the Mexican army leave the region,
    · Led by the General Sam Houston,
    the Texan Army defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexican army
  • Treaty of Velasco grants Texas Independence May 14,1836

    · Santa Anna agreed that all hostility would stop; that he would not resume fighting in the future; and all of the Mexican troops in Texas would return home to their families; and all prisoners would be set free;
  • U.S. annexes Texas

    Admittedthe Union as the 28th state. The U.S. the inherited Texas's this quickly led to the "Mexican-American" War,
  • General Taylor marches troops across Rio Grande

    Polk issued orders for General Zachary Taylor to march to the Rio Grande and block the river. · Mexicans viewed this action as a violation of their rights. Many Americans shared Polk’s goals for expansion, but certain people however did not agree
  • Slidell's Rejection May 9, 1846

    · to negotiate the Río Grande, (called the Río Bravo del Norte in Mexico) boundary.
  • U.S. declares war on Mexico

    · American people invaded New Mexico, and the the California Republic,
    · It forced Mexico to agree to the cession of its northern territories to the U.S.
  • Gold discovered at Sutter's Mill, California

    to find gold, and thus it started the Gold rush
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends war with Mexico

    It is a peace treaty, largely dictated by the U.S, ended Mexican-American War
  • Zachary Taylor elected president

    · Under Taylor's administration, the United States Department of Interior was organized, the legislation making the Department had been approved on President Polk's last day in office. He appointed Treasury Secretary Thomas Ewing the first Secretary of the Interior
  • California applies for statehood Sept 9, 1850

    · California's constitution outlawed slavery. Southern slave states didn't want California or other states to be admitted to the Union as a "free state" because it would upset the people
  • Gadsden Purchase

    · Region of "present-day" southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico it was purchased by the United States in a treaty signed by James Gadsden