American History

  • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions written

    Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions written
    The Kentucky Resolutions of 1798These were resolutions that were secretley written by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. The resolutions went against the Alien and Sedition Acts. These resolutions were written to show concern about the rights of the states in which they declared amy acts of the congress that were not constitutional.
  • Hartford Convention meets during War of 1812

    Hartford Convention meets during War of 1812
    The "Hartford Convention"This convention was a meeting held in Hartford Connecticut to think about the problems in New England during the war of 1812. The states got together to discuss their rights and their thoughts on the war that was going on at the time. The meeting finsihed the destruction of the Federalists Party.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Secession Crisis The Missouri Compromise was an agreement made in 1820 between the anti-slavery and pro-slavery governments in the United States Congress. This agreement passed the law to make Missouri a slave state. The agreement also made Maine a free state.
  • Tariff of Abominations passed

    Tariff of Abominations passed
    "TARIFF OF ABOMINATIONS"The Tariff of Abominations aka Tariff of Abominatoins was made to protect taxes and to protect industries. It also raised the cost of goods that were being imported into the United States. The Tariff of Abdominations was passed by the United States Congress in 1828.
  • South Carolina tries to nullify

    South Carolina tries to nullify
    The Nullification CrisisAndrew Jefferson was the president of South Carolina at the time when the state was standing up against the Tariff of 1828. South Carolina tried to nullify the Tariff of Abominations and called it unconstitutional.
  • Abolition of Slavery Act (1833)

    Abolition of Slavery Act (1833)
    Slavery Abolition Act 1833The Anti-Slavery Campaign in BritainThis Act was an Act of the Parliament of the Untied Kingdom. This Act ended slavery throughout all of Britain. This made it so that all slaves under the age of 6 can be free. This law also states that the slave holders will be paid for their loss of slaves.
  • Texas declares independene from Mexico

    Texas declares independene from Mexico
    Texas declares independence from MexicoUnited States citizens started to settle in Texas and the Mexico president at the time did not like this so he tried to stop it. This lead to Texas becoming independent from Mexico on March 2nd of 1836. Texas was its own Republic for about 10 years and then it became the United States 28th state.
  • James Polk elected

    James Polk elected
    JAMES KNOX POLKJames K. Polk Is Elected 11th President of the United States November 5, 1844 James Polk ran for presidency in 1844 to become the 11th president of the United States. He was not very well not and he was not expected to win the election. Polk's opponent Henry Clay was expected to win the election but it was a surprise that James Polk won. James Polk ended up being a man that was out to make the American people happy. Polk knew that the people wanted mroe land so during his term he set out to gain land to add onto the United States.
  • Mexican War

    Mexican War
    Mexican WarThe Mexican WarThe Mexican War was a war between Mexico and the United States. The United States and Mexico had conflict deciding where the boarder was that separated them. The United States said that their border was the Rio Grande but Mexico said it was the Nueces River. The war began with Mexico attacking American troops along the southern boarder of Texas on April 25, 1846.
  • Wilmot Proviso

    Wilmot Proviso
    30a. Wilmot's ProvisoDuring the Mexican War there was other conflicts going on between congress. Congress was debating whether or not they should allow slavery in Texas. Wilmot Proviso said that any land gained during the Mexican war was not going to be slave states. However, this idea made by Proviso was denied because it did not get enough votes from the senate.
  • California enters the Union

    California enters the Union
    How California Came to be Admitted.In Feburary of 1848 Mexico and America signed a treaty to end the Mexican/American War. Following the war on September 9th 1850 California became the 31st state of the United States. Gold was found on the American River near Sacramento and the huge gold rush made a large population in California. The increase in population called for California to get its own government and then California was added to the Union.
  • Fugitive Slave Law enacted

    Fugitive Slave Law enacted
    Fugitive Slave LawThe Fugitive Slave Law was part of the group of laws called the Compromise of 1850. This Law says that if a marshall finds a runaway slave and does not arrest them then the marshall can be fined 1,000 dollars. This law also says that anyone that is hiding a slave will be imprisoned but if anyone captures a slave they will be given an award.
  • Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Uncle Tom’s Cabin Home | H. B. Stowe Chronology | Aspects of the Publishing History This was a book written by Harriet Stowe about her thoughts on abolishing slaves. Harriet wanted slavery to be abolished and she completly dissagreed with the Fugitive Slave Law. After this law was put into place she started to write sketches for an abolionist newspaper. Harriet later turned this into a book which was published on March 20th of 1852. The book was very popular and over 10,000 copies of it were sold within the first wee.
  • Formation of Republican Party

    Formation of Republican Party
    Politics and Public ServiceThe Republican Party was founded in Wisconsin in 1854. The group was formed in responce to the Kansas-Nebraska Act. The anti-slavery believers were not going to just sit back and let the pro-slavery believers spread throughout the country. Most of these anti-slavery followers were from the North and the pro-slavery ones were form the south.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act passed

    Kansas-Nebraska Act passed
    Primary Documents in American HistoryKansas-Nebraska ActMany people started to move into Kansas and Nebraska because they were both very important states for growing crops. In January 1854 Stephen Douglas divided the land west of Missouri into two territies and he introduced popular sovereignty to these new territories. This ment that the states could decide within themselves whether or not they wanted to be a slave state. The later on May 30, 1854 the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed which ment the states could enter the union with or without slaver.
  • "Border Ruffians" attack Lawrence (5/21/1856

    "Border Ruffians" attack Lawrence (5/21/1856
    31c. The Sack of LawrenceAt the time Lawrence was in the middle of Kansas's anti-slavery campaign in 1856. Lawrence fought against the pro-slavery people and when the governent ordered them to move they didnt. They put up a good fight against the pro-slavery people and they fought over whether Canada would have a anti-slavery or pro-slavery government, The pro-slavery people took 800 soldiers and attacked Lawrence ruining the town and two newspaper buildings.
  • Charles Sumner attacked

    Charles Sumner attacked
    On this day...Charles Sumner was a United States Senate who was a true believer in a anti-slavery government. According to Preston a congressmen from South Carolina, Sumner said some things in an anti-slavery speech that were very offensive to Southerners. In responce to this speech Preston beat Sumner with a cane. It took Sumner three years to recover and return to office.
  • Pottawatomie Creek (5/24/1856)

    Pottawatomie Creek (5/24/1856)
    THE POTTAWATOMIE CREEK MASSACRE-May 24, 1856John Brown moved to Kansas to join his five sons who already lived their. John Brown was a supporter of free man and a anti-slavery supported. He hated anyone who was a pro-slavery supporter, so on the night of May 24, 1856 John and four of his sons went along the Pottawatomie Creek in Kansas and murdered five pro-slavery men.
  • Dred Scott decision announced

    Dred Scott decision announced
    The Dred Scott Decision Dred Scott was an African American slave living in American. Scott tried to sue his owner and bring it to court in which he said that he was a slave in a state that slavery was illegal. However Dred Scott did not have a stand in this case and lost but Scott's attempt will always be remembered as the "Dred Scott decision".
  • Lecompton Constitution passed

    Lecompton Constitution passed
    American President: A Reference Resource The Lecompton Constitution was the second constitution drafted for the Kansas area. The Constitution was written by pro-slavery men in attempted to control Kansas. The pro-slavery men were led by James Buchanan. This Constitution allowed slavery but did not allow any free blacks in Kansas.
  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    Lincoln-Douglas Debates
    Lincoln - Douglas Debates of 1858The Lincoln-Douglas debates were a series of political debates which started on August 21, 1858. There were seven debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas which took place at several places in Illinous. The debates were mostly about slavery and they began to get very popular. After the debates were over there were newpaper articles to let people know the results of the debates.
  • Raid at Harper's Ferry

    Raid at Harper's Ferry
    The raid on Harpers FerryThis was a rebellion against slave-holders lead by John Brown. John Brown would help assist run away slaves and plan unexpected attackes on slave holders. John Brown planned to attack Virginia and capture the weapons and lead a slave revolt but his plan did not work because the slaves did not follow like Brown thought they would. Brown was caught and sentenced to death. Brown was hanged for his attempted revolt.
  • Democrats split in 1860

    Democrats split in 1860
    The Election of 1860Throughout the year the Democrats all agreed under the title of popular sovereignty but in 1860 they split among the North and South boundary line. They split because they had an issue agreeing on slavery. The Northern Democratic group was an anti-slavery group, however the Southern Democratic group was a pro-slavery group. Stephen Douglass represented the North and Breckinridge represents the South.
  • Formation of Constitutional Union Party

    Formation of Constitutional Union Party
    Constitutional Union PartyThe Constitution Union Party was a political convention in Baltimore on 1860 which was specifically made for the election of 1860. When the civil war started the Constitutional Party was stopped.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    32d. The Election of 1860The Election of 1860The election of 1860 was very important becuase America was in nead of a strong/good leader after the Raid at Harper's Ferry. This was an election for the United States 16th president. The main candidates in the election were John Bell, Stephen Douglas, Abraham Lincoln and John Breckinridge. Abraham Lincoln got 59% of the electoral votes and he won the election.
  • South Carolina Secedes

    South Carolina Secedes
    Thursday December 20, 1860 South Carolina had been longing for succession but they did not get it until December 20th of 1860. They finally clarified it which made them the first state to secceed. South Carolina did this because they began to realize that their right to protect their institution of slavery was being threatened and then Abraham was elected so they knew they needed to secede from the United States.
  • Virginia Secedes

    Virginia Secedes
    Virginia's Secession from the Union When Lincoln wanted each state in the Union to send to troops to fight the Confederacy Virginia did not want to. This was when Virginia decided to secede from the Union.
  • Robert E. Lee Surrenders Commission

    Robert E. Lee Surrenders Commission
    LEE, ROBERT EDWARD General Scott ordered Lee to return to Washington so he could take command of the Union army, but Lee instead resigned his commission. He returned to Virginia to fight with Confederate troops and served as a military advisor for Jefferson Davis.
  • Abraham Lincoln inaugurated

    Abraham Lincoln inaugurated
    Abraham Lincoln's First Inauguration Lincoln became the 16th president of the United states. The first state seceded when Lincoln was inaugurated. The seceded states considered themselves as a new country, the Confederate States of America. However, Lincoln never said that the states seceded. Lincoln was assassinated in April of 1865.
  • Attack on Fort Sumter

    Attack on Fort Sumter
    Battle of Fort Sumter Tensions were getting high as states continued to secede from the Union. South Carolina ordered the Union to abandon all positions in Charleston Harbor, and they took control of all of Charleston, except for Fort Sumter. So, they bombarded it and caused the Union to surrender it. The attack was lead by major Robert Anderson but the attack failed.
  • 1st Battle of Bull Run

    1st Battle of Bull Run
    The Battle of Bull Run This was the first major battle in the Civil War. The civil war did not really begin until this fight in Virginia just miles from Washington DC. At the beginning of the battle, the Union had all the Confederate forces retreating, except for Stonewall Jackson's men. He ended up leading the Confederates to a bloody victory.
  • McClellan Returns to Washington after the Peninsula Campaign

    McClellan Returns to Washington after the Peninsula Campaign
    Abraham Lincoln and George B. McClellan McClellan's campaign to capture Richmond ended in failure, mostly due to the fact that he over estimated the size and strength of his opponent and cared too much about his men. McClellan thought his troops could move around with strong gunboats which would weaken the South. But he eventually had to retreate by Washington's authorities.
  • Battle of the Monitor and the Merrimac

    Battle of the Monitor and the Merrimac
    Battle of the Monitor and Merrimac This battle was fought over a two day time spand, March 8- March 9th. It was in Hampton Roads, a roadstead in Virginia where the Elizabeth and Nansemond Rivers meet the James River just before it enters Chesapeake Bay. This battle was a part of the effort of the Confederacy to break the Union blockade, which had cut off Virginia's largest cities, Norfolk and Richmond, from interna
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    Shiloh The Union moved down the Tennessee River deep into Tennessee and was encamped at Pittsburg Landing on the west bank of the river. Confederates surprise attacked on the first day, but ended up being defeated on the second day
  • 2nd Battle of Bull Run

    2nd Battle of Bull Run
    Manassas, Second Stonewall Jackson knew that in order to bring the Union Army into battle, he would have to launch an attack a Federal Column that was passing across his front. Pope was convinced he had trapped Jackson, yet both sides continued to take heavy casualties. Eventually, Pope decided he had to retreat. Lee began to pursue him.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The Bloodiest One Day Battle in American History The battle of Antietam was the bloodest one day battle in American History. 23,000 soldiers were killed, wounded or missing after twelve hours of savage combat on September 17, 1862. The Battle of Antietam ended the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia's first invasion into the North and led to Abraham Lincoln's issuance of the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Battle of Fredericksburg

    Battle of Fredericksburg
    The Battle of Fredericksburg This battle was fought in Fredericksburg, Virginia, between General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and the Union Army of the Ambrose E. Burnside. The confederates won this army but it was known as one of the most one sided battles in american history.
  • Emancipation Proclamation Takes Effect

    Emancipation Proclamation Takes Effect
    Emancipation Proclamation This was also known as the battle of sharpsburg. This was the first major battle of the civil war that was to took place on northern soil(unions). Lincoln signed the final proclamation, officially ending slavery in the rebelling states. Former slaves could now fight on the Union side for their own freedom.
  • Battle of Chancellorsville

    Battle of Chancellorsville
    The Battle of Chancellorsville The Battle of Chancellorsville was a major battle of the American Civil War. It was also the principle engagement of the Chancellorsville Campaign.The battle was against Union Army Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker's Army against Gen. Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army. The Battle of Chancellorsville is known as Robert Lee's perfect battle because his decisions resulted in a significant Confederate victo
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    A New Birth of Freedom The Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the Civil War. This battle was the Union victory that ended General Robert E. Lee's second and most ambitious invasion of the North in 1863. Often referred to as the "High Water Mark of the Rebellion", it was the war's bloodiest battle with 51,000 casualties and the setting for President Abraham Lincoln's "Gettysburg Address".
  • Surrender of Vicksburg

    Surrender of Vicksburg
    Civil War This was one of the Union’s most successful of the war.The Confederates surrendered at Vicksburg after a rough time from the Union fireing from land and water. This averaged 2,800 shells a day, for a month, the citizens had to dig caves in the hills to avoid them. After a while, the soldiers rations were a biscut a day, then finally on this day they surrendered and had to lay down their arms.
  • Battle at Fort Wagner

    Battle at Fort Wagner
    Battle of Fort Wagner, 11 and 18 July 1863 The Battle at Fort Wagner was one of the first battles with a unit of all black soldiers. Robert Gould Shaw led the blacks against the Confederates. The black army lost but they proved to the rest of the country that blacks are willing to fight and that they can take orders and listen.
  • Lincoln Delivers Gettysburg Address

    Lincoln Delivers Gettysburg Address
    Gettysburg AddressThis was a huge event that occured on November 19, 1863. The event was so big that around fifteen thousand people came together at Gettysburg to see it. This was a ceremony at the cemetery to honor the Union troops who fought and died at Gettysburg. President Lincoln was invited to deliver a speech after Everett's spoke. Everett's speech lasted two hours. Lincoln's was short, however, it reminded the North why they were fighting the Civil War. Lincoln's speech is the shortest yet most famous.
  • Grant Displays Fighting Style at Cold Harbor

    Grant Displays Fighting Style at Cold Harbor
    Battle of Cold Harbor: The Folly and HorrorThis was a major win for the confederates, only losing 12 lives, compared to 339 Union lives. There was a second attack by the union that came one week later, made up of a group of volunteer black soldiers.
  • Atlanta Burns to the Ground

    Atlanta Burns to the Ground
    Gone With The Wind (1939)Atlanta became a target for a Union invasion. So, John Bell Hood ordered all the civilians to evacuate, and then proceeded to burn the city to the ground. The fall of Atlanta gave courage to northerners
  • Sherman Set out for the Sea

    Sherman Set out for the Sea
    CHAPTER 90When Grant left to take command of the Federal forces, Sherman assumed command of operations in the west and by September 1864 had captured Atlanta. Then he set out on his March to the Sea. He decided to proceed southeast This battle took place in Virginia between the Confederates led by Robert E. Lee and the Union led by Grant. It was a devastating battle and resulted in around 18,000 casulties.
  • Lincoln Delivers 2nd Inaugural Address

    Lincoln Delivers 2nd Inaugural Address
    Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Speech Lincoln did a very good job in leading the Union during one of the toughest times in American history. However, in a little more than a month, sadly Lincoln was assassinated.
  • Sherman Reaches Savannah

    Sherman Reaches Savannah
    General Sherman Reaches Savannah, GeorgiaAfter successfully taking down Atlanta, Sherman began making his way toward Savannah. Once he reached it, he easily took it with his 60,000 troops.
  • Richmond, the Confederate capital, Falls

    Richmond, the Confederate capital, Falls
    The Fall of Richmond, Virginia After 10 months of unsuccessful attempts at capturing Richmond, the Union finally captures it. This is what the Union had been trying to do all along.
  • Surrender at Appomattox

    Surrender at Appomattox
    Peace and Reunification This was when Gneral Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House, Virginia signaled the end of the Southern States attempt to create a separate nation. It set the stage for the emergence of an expanded and more powerful Federal government. In a sense the struggle over how much power the central government would hold had finally been settled.