Ages One To Three

  • 12-18 Months Physical Development

    -Turns several pages of a book at a time.
    -Picks up small objects with thumb and forefinger.
    -Moves objects from hand to hand.
    -May walk alone or while holding a caregiver's hand.
    -Sits down without help.
    -Slides down stairs backwards, one step at a time.
  • One Year Olds Self Feeding

    -Children at this age can eat a variety of foods.
    -Finger foods are a wonderful choice.
    -Avoid hard foods like carrots, they may cause choking.
    -May begin to use a spoon.
    -A training cup is a good choice when starting your child out with liquid drinks.
  • One Year Social Developmental Milestones

    -Plays alone but often near others.
    -Dislikes sharing toys.
    -Desires approval.
    -Fears some strangers.
  • Sensorimotor Birth-Two Years

    Children learn through their senses and own actions.
  • One Year Intellectual Developmental Milestones

    -Begins to put two words together.
    -Names common objects and people.
    -Understands "no" but ignores.
    -Finds hidden objects.
  • 18-24 Months Physical Development

    -Stacks from two to four blocks.
    -Grasps crayons with a fist and scribbles.
    -Walks well.
    -Jumps in place.
    -Climbs up or down one stair.
    -Pull toys with wheels.
  • 18 Months Emotional Development

    -The desire for independence.
    -Frustration.
    -The child's realization of being a separate person.
    -Give choices.
    -Redirect the child.
    -Encourage talking.
  • 18 Months Social Patterns

    -Usually begin developing some independence from the family unit.
    -Closest relationships continue to be those with their family.
    -Don't really interact with one another much.
    -Instead they engage in parallel play, which means they play near, but not with each other.
    -Plays independently.
    -Often seem to treat other people more as objects than as humans.
    -Intent on satisfying strong desires.
    -Can understand their actions have consequences.
  • Preoperational Two-Seven Years

    Children think in terms of their own activities and what they perceive at the moment.
  • 2-2 1/2 Years Physical Development

    -Stacks six blocks.
    -Turns one page of a book at a time.
    -Picks up objects from the floor without losing balance.
    -Walks with more coordination and confidence.
    -Jumps off the bottom step.
    -Pushes self on wheeled toys.
  • Two Year Olds Self Feeding

    -By now the children can usually feed themselves.
    -They will learn to use a fork, but will usually take a long time to eat.
    -They are improving their fine motor skills while getting nutrition.
    -The child should eat with the whole family.
  • Two Year Olds Emotional Development

    -Less at odds with the world.
    -Their speech and motor skills have improved, relieving some sources of frustration.
    -Understands more and is able to wait longer for various needs to be met.
    -Expresses love and affection freely and seeks approval and praise.
    -Fewer and less intense emotional outbursts.
    -Easier to reason with.
    -Get along better with parents and other children because they tend to be more outgoing and friendly.
    -Less self-centered.
  • Two Years Old Social Patterns

    -Have begun to develop an impressive list of social skills.
    -Good at understanding and ineracting with their main caregivers.
    -Can read their caregiver's moods and gauge what kind of behavior the caregiver is likely to accept.
    -Increasingly able to communicate with others.
    -Find it fun to play with someone else.
    -Start to understand the idea of sharing or taking turns.
    -Willing to put the wishes of someone else above their own wishes.
  • Two Years Social Developmental Milestones

    -Engages in parallel play.
    -Plays simple games with others.
    -Bosses other children.
    -Says "please" if prompted.
  • Concrete Operations Seven-Eleven Years

    Children can think logically but still learn best through experience.
  • Two Years Intellectual Developmental Milestones

    -Uses two-to three word sentences.
    -Knows about 500 words.
    -Follows simple directions.
    -Identifies colors.
  • 2 1/2-3 Years Physical Development

    -Stacks eight blocks.
    -Screws lids on and off containers.
    -Draws circles and horizontal and vertical lines.
    -Alternates feet going up stairs but not going down.
    -Runs but may not be able to stop smoothly.
    -Throws a ball overhead but inaccurately.
  • Two And One Half Years Emotional Development

    -Often feel overwhelmed.
    -Desires and their ability to comprehend tasks exceed their physical ability
    -Can't always make themselves understood, but know what they want to say.
    -Immaturity and need for independence clash.
    -Sensitive about being bossed, shown, helped, or directed.
    -Can be stubborn, demanding, and domineering.
    -Need for consistency.
    -Same routines carried out the same way, every day.
    -Routine helps them buiild confidence feelings of security.
    -Feel both independent and dependent.
  • Two And One Half Years Social Patterns

    -May refuse to do anything at allfor one person, while happily doing almost anything another perosn asks.
    -Begin to learn about the rights of others.
    -Begin responding to the idea of fairness, although at first they are more concerned with what is fair to them.
    -Social play is still parallel.
    -Frequent, but brief, squabbles during play that children quickly forget.
  • Formal Operations Eleven-Adult

    People are capable of abstract thinking.
  • 3-4 Years Physical Development

    -Stacks nine or ten blacks.
    -Cuts with scissors.
    -Draws recognizable pictures.
    -Jumps up and down in place with both feet.
    -Catches a ball with arms straight.
    -Rides a tricycle.
  • Three Year Olds Self Feeding

    -Most children can use a spoon and fork well.
    -They have a full set of primary teeth, so chewing food isn't a problem.
    -Meat and other tough foods should be cut into small pieces.
  • Three Years Emotional Development

    -Generally have sunnier dispositions than two year olds.
    -More cooperative and are learning to be considerate.
    -More physically capable, less frustrating.
    -More willing to take directions form others.
    -Have fewer temper tantrums.
    -Like to talk and are better at it.
    -Talk to their toys, playmates, themselves, and even their imaginary companions.
    -Respond when others talk to them.
    -Can be reasoned with and controlled by words.
  • Three And One Half Years Emotional Development

    -Very insecure.
    -Fears are common.
    -May be afraid of: the dark, imaginary lions and tigers, monsters, strangers, or loud noises.
    -May start to have habits such as thumb sucking or nail biting.
    -May issue insistent demands.
  • Three Year Olds Social Patterns

    -People become important.
    -Will share, help, or do things another person's way just to please someone.
    -Will begin cooperative play, actually playing with each other.
    -Parents or other caregivers are still important, but no longer all-powerful in the children's social lives.
  • Three And One Half Year Olds Social Patterns

    -Children's play becomes more complex and includes more conversation.
    -Disagreements with playmates occur less often.
    -They realize they must share toys and accept some things they don't like.
    -Children who are closer friends begin to exclude others.
    -Take more notices of what others are like.
    -More likely to compare themselves to other children.
  • Three Years Social Developmental Milestones

    -Takes part in brief group activities (cooperative play).
    -Takes turns.
    -Likes to help.
    -Shows affection.
  • Three Years Intellectual Developmental Milestones

    -Uses longer sentences.
    -Knows about 900 words.
    -Follows two-part directions.
    -Sorts by color and shape.