12-18 Months Physical Development-Turns several pages of a book at a time.
-Picks up small objects with thumb and forefinger.
-Moves objects from hand to hand.
-May walk alone or while holding a caregiver's hand.
-Sits down without help.
-Slides down stairs backwards, one step at a time.
One Year Olds Self Feeding-Children at this age can eat a variety of foods.
-Finger foods are a wonderful choice.
-Avoid hard foods like carrots, they may cause choking.
-May begin to use a spoon.
-A training cup is a good choice when starting your child out with liquid drinks.
One Year Social Developmental Milestones-Plays alone but often near others.
-Dislikes sharing toys.
-Fears some strangers.
Sensorimotor Birth-Two YearsChildren learn through their senses and own actions.
One Year Intellectual Developmental Milestones-Begins to put two words together.
-Names common objects and people.
-Understands "no" but ignores.
-Finds hidden objects.
18-24 Months Physical Development-Stacks from two to four blocks.
-Grasps crayons with a fist and scribbles.
-Jumps in place.
-Climbs up or down one stair.
-Pull toys with wheels.
18 Months Emotional Development-The desire for independence.
-The child's realization of being a separate person.
-Redirect the child.
18 Months Social Patterns-Usually begin developing some independence from the family unit.
-Closest relationships continue to be those with their family.
-Don't really interact with one another much.
-Instead they engage in parallel play, which means they play near, but not with each other.
-Often seem to treat other people more as objects than as humans.
-Intent on satisfying strong desires.
-Can understand their actions have consequences.
Preoperational Two-Seven YearsChildren think in terms of their own activities and what they perceive at the moment.
2-2 1/2 Years Physical Development-Stacks six blocks.
-Turns one page of a book at a time.
-Picks up objects from the floor without losing balance.
-Walks with more coordination and confidence.
-Jumps off the bottom step.
-Pushes self on wheeled toys.
Two Year Olds Self Feeding-By now the children can usually feed themselves.
-They will learn to use a fork, but will usually take a long time to eat.
-They are improving their fine motor skills while getting nutrition.
-The child should eat with the whole family.
Two Year Olds Emotional Development-Less at odds with the world.
-Their speech and motor skills have improved, relieving some sources of frustration.
-Understands more and is able to wait longer for various needs to be met.
-Expresses love and affection freely and seeks approval and praise.
-Fewer and less intense emotional outbursts.
-Easier to reason with.
-Get along better with parents and other children because they tend to be more outgoing and friendly.
Two Years Old Social Patterns-Have begun to develop an impressive list of social skills.
-Good at understanding and ineracting with their main caregivers.
-Can read their caregiver's moods and gauge what kind of behavior the caregiver is likely to accept.
-Increasingly able to communicate with others.
-Find it fun to play with someone else.
-Start to understand the idea of sharing or taking turns.
-Willing to put the wishes of someone else above their own wishes.
Two Years Social Developmental Milestones-Engages in parallel play.
-Plays simple games with others.
-Bosses other children.
-Says "please" if prompted.
Concrete Operations Seven-Eleven YearsChildren can think logically but still learn best through experience.
Two Years Intellectual Developmental Milestones-Uses two-to three word sentences.
-Knows about 500 words.
-Follows simple directions.
2 1/2-3 Years Physical Development-Stacks eight blocks.
-Screws lids on and off containers.
-Draws circles and horizontal and vertical lines.
-Alternates feet going up stairs but not going down.
-Runs but may not be able to stop smoothly.
-Throws a ball overhead but inaccurately.
Two And One Half Years Emotional Development-Often feel overwhelmed.
-Desires and their ability to comprehend tasks exceed their physical ability
-Can't always make themselves understood, but know what they want to say.
-Immaturity and need for independence clash.
-Sensitive about being bossed, shown, helped, or directed.
-Can be stubborn, demanding, and domineering.
-Need for consistency.
-Same routines carried out the same way, every day.
-Routine helps them buiild confidence feelings of security.
-Feel both independent and dependent.
Two And One Half Years Social Patterns-May refuse to do anything at allfor one person, while happily doing almost anything another perosn asks.
-Begin to learn about the rights of others.
-Begin responding to the idea of fairness, although at first they are more concerned with what is fair to them.
-Social play is still parallel.
-Frequent, but brief, squabbles during play that children quickly forget.
Formal Operations Eleven-AdultPeople are capable of abstract thinking.
3-4 Years Physical Development-Stacks nine or ten blacks.
-Cuts with scissors.
-Draws recognizable pictures.
-Jumps up and down in place with both feet.
-Catches a ball with arms straight.
-Rides a tricycle.
Three Year Olds Self Feeding-Most children can use a spoon and fork well.
-They have a full set of primary teeth, so chewing food isn't a problem.
-Meat and other tough foods should be cut into small pieces.
Three Years Emotional Development-Generally have sunnier dispositions than two year olds.
-More cooperative and are learning to be considerate.
-More physically capable, less frustrating.
-More willing to take directions form others.
-Have fewer temper tantrums.
-Like to talk and are better at it.
-Talk to their toys, playmates, themselves, and even their imaginary companions.
-Respond when others talk to them.
-Can be reasoned with and controlled by words.
Three And One Half Years Emotional Development-Very insecure.
-Fears are common.
-May be afraid of: the dark, imaginary lions and tigers, monsters, strangers, or loud noises.
-May start to have habits such as thumb sucking or nail biting.
-May issue insistent demands.
Three Year Olds Social Patterns-People become important.
-Will share, help, or do things another person's way just to please someone.
-Will begin cooperative play, actually playing with each other.
-Parents or other caregivers are still important, but no longer all-powerful in the children's social lives.
Three And One Half Year Olds Social Patterns-Children's play becomes more complex and includes more conversation.
-Disagreements with playmates occur less often.
-They realize they must share toys and accept some things they don't like.
-Children who are closer friends begin to exclude others.
-Take more notices of what others are like.
-More likely to compare themselves to other children.
Three Years Social Developmental Milestones-Takes part in brief group activities (cooperative play).
-Likes to help.
Three Years Intellectual Developmental Milestones-Uses longer sentences.
-Knows about 900 words.
-Follows two-part directions.
-Sorts by color and shape.