A Brief History of American Music

  • Edgard Varèse was born

    Edgard Varèse was born
    Edgard Varèse was known as a "father of electronic music". He was mainly focused on inventing new sounds rather than finding ways to make sounds people have already heard. He wrote a dozen compositions in his lifetime.
  • The Telharmonium

    The Telharmonium
    On January 13th, 1897 the first "synthesizer" was created and dubbed as the "Telharmonium".
  • The Wurlitzer

    The Wurlitzer
    After the hype over the telharmonium had faded, the "Wurlitzer" was introduced.
  • John Cage was born

    John Cage was born
    John Cage was a pioneer of "chance music" and electronic music. He is best known for his controversial piece called "4’33”", which has four minutes and 30 seconds of silence.
  • The Theremin

    The Theremin
    In 1919, the Theremin was invented by Lev Termen. It was an electronic instrument that could be played without actual contact.
  • The Ondes Martenot

    The Ondes Martenot
    The Ondes Martenot was invented by Maurice Martenot. It sounded a lot like the Theremin, but has more control of the timbre.
  • Hammond Organ

    Hammond Organ
    Laurens Hammond invented this teleharmonium-sounding device. It is much less bulky.
  • First Solid Body Electric Guitar

    First Solid Body Electric Guitar
    In 1941, Les Paul invented the first solid body electric guitar.
  • Musique Concrète

    The idea of musique concrète was developed around 1948, thee is no set date. Musique concrète is an experimental type of music that involves using tape-recorded sounds that were altered.
  • Louis and Bebe Barron

    Louis and Bebe Barron
    Louis and Bebe Barron composed the first electronic music track released in America called "Heavenly Menagerie"
  • RCA Mark II

    RCA Mark II
    The RCA Mark II was developed by Herbert Belar and Harry Olson. Only two composers used this device, one of them being Milton Babbitt. It weighed about 3 tons and was 20 feet wide.
  • The Beatles were fomed

    The Beatles were fomed
    The Beatles were one of the most influential bands to date.
  • Moog Synthesizer

    Moog Synthesizer
    Robert Moog invented the first comercially avaliable synthesizer. It was much more basic than the RCA II but still had it's difficulties. The Moog was the most commonly used synthesizer in the late 60's and 70's.
  • Minimoog

    In 1969, the Minimoog was introduced. It was a compact and easier to use version of the Moog.
  • Buchla Synthesizer

    Buchla Synthesizer
    The Buchla synthesizer didn't use a keyboard, it had touch-sensitive plates. Don Buchla, the creator, was more interested into developing innovative sounds for his synth.