U.S History Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1492

    New World

    Christopher Columbus lands on the island of San Salvdor. Discovering the "New World"
  • Jan 1, 1565

    St. Augustine, Florida

    St. Augustine, Florida was founded by Spanish explorers in search for gold and treasures. It is the oldest European settlement in the United States.
  • The French

    The French came in the early 1600’s, interested in fisheries and
    the fur trade. They settled along the St. Lawrence River in present day Canada.
  • Jamestown, Virginia

    First successful English colony in the United States. Settled in Jamestown, Virginia. Named for King James I.
  • Columbian Exchange

    The arrival of Europeans in the Western Hemisphere began the “Columbian Exchange”
  • Slavery

    The Africans were brought by the Europeans to work for them as slaves in southern plantations.
  • House of Burgesses

    The House of Borgesses was formed in Virginia. It was the first representative government in the American colonies. The firs reunion they had was in Jamestown.
  • Mayflower Compact

    The Mayflower Compact was the first document of the Plymouth Colony. It was written by the Pilgrims, who crossed the Atlantic aboard the Mayflower.
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony

    The flagship of the Massachusetts Bay Company arrived in Salem to officially found the new colony. The company was founded by the English , most of them were educated and wealthy.
  • Fundamental Orders of Conneticut

    The Fundamental Orders of Conneticut were adopted by the Conneticut colony. It described the government set up, setting its structure and powers.
  • New England Confederation

    It was a political and military alliance of the English colonies of Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven.Its primary purpose was to unite the Puritan colonies against the Native Americans.
  • New Amsterdam

    The English seize New Amsterdam from the Dutch and rename it New York.
  • Charleston Founded

    Charleston was one of the few cities in the original thirteen colonies to provide religious tolerance ,restricted to non-Catholics.
  • Dominion of New England

    It was a short-lived administrative union of English colonies in New England region.
  • French and Indian War

    The French and Indian War began in 1754 and lasted all the way through 1763. Final conflict in the ongoing struggle between the British and French for control of eastern North America. The British win a decisive victory over the French on the Plains of Abraham outside Quebec (Sept. 13, 1759) and, by the Treaty of Paris (signed Feb. 10, 1763), formally gain control of Canada and all the French possessions east of the Mississippi.
  • Stamp Act

    The Stamp Act was a tax imposed by the British Parliament on the colonies of British America. The act required that printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper, made in London and carrying an embossed revenue stamp.
  • Boston Massacre

    During the Boston Massacre, British soldiers fired into a crowd of unarmed colonists, killing ex-slave Crispus Attucks, the first casualty in the cause for American independence from British rule.
  • Cotton Gin

    The cotton gin is invented by Eli Whitney. It removed the seeds from cotton, making cotton production quicker and more efficient - fifty times more cotton could be produced per day. Therefore, more slaves were needed to keep up with the increased production. The South’s livelihood depended on cotton, and thus slavery.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Group of colonial patriots disguised as Mohawk Indians board three ships in Boston harbor and dumped more than 300 crates of tea overboard as a protest against the British tea tax.
  • Lexington and Concord

    They are the first battles of the American Revolution.
  • Declaration of Independence

    The Declaration of Independence was made to protect and list that we were now an independent nation.
  • Flag Day

    The government of United States of America approves the flag of the United States.
  • Capital

    United States capital moved to Washington D.C.
  • Gold Rush

    The discovery of gold in California leads to a "rush" of 80,000 people to the West in search of gold.
  • Panama Canal

    The United States begins constructing the Panama Canal which opens in 1914.