Mussolini & Fascist Italy Timeline by Fiona Ng & Chelsea Rembisz

  • Mussolini's Birth

    Born in Predappio in the province of Forlì, in Emilia-Romagna, He became a socialist.
  • Mussolini Qualified For a School Master

    He became an elementary schoolmaster.
  • Mussolini's Military Service

    He emigrated to Switzerland but returned to Italy to do his military service.
  • Mussolini Socialist Journalist

    He joined the staff of a newspaper in the Austrian town of Trento. He wrote “The Cardinal's Mistress”.
  • Italian Reaction To the Paris Peace Conference

    Italian dissatisfaction with the territorial settlement made at the Paris Peace Conference for many of them had big expectations. Italy was promised Trentino, Trieste, Southern Tyrol, Istria, Dalmatia, the coastal districts of Albania, a share in the division of the Ottoman Empire and of the German colonies in Africa.
  • Gabriele D'Annunzio Attack

    Foreign patriots, under Gabriele D'Annunzio, took Fiume, a port on the Dalmatian coast, by force for their disagreement towards Paris Peace Conference.
  • Problems With 1919-1922 Coalition Governments

    1921-1922, Mussolini placed loyal Fascists in key government positions, created the Voluntary Fascist Militia for National Security, and promoted the Grand Council of Fascism.
  • "March On Rome" And King Victor Emmanuel III

    Mussolini threatened a 'March on Rome' if he was not accepted into the cabinet. The King asked Mussolini to form a new government for he was anxious to avoid civil war, he also wanted a strong government to restore law and order.
  • Mussolini finally in Power

    Mussolini became Prime Minister in a coalition government of Fascists, Nationalists, Catholics, and right-wing Liberals.
  • Fascist Party

    Mussolini secured a new law from the parliament. Any party, having 25% of the votes in a general election, should receive two-thirds of the seats in the Chamber of Deputies. April 1924, Mussolini immediately arranged for elections to the Chamber of Deputies.
  • Matteotti Murder

    Giacomo Matteotti denounced the Fascists of the use of force in the recent elections. He was immediately murdered by the Fascists.
  • Mussolini Vs. The Pope Pius XI

    February 1929, The Lateran Agreements were made as negotiations between Mussolini and the Pope. They consisted of a Treaty, a Concordat, and a Financial Convention.
  • The Lateran Treaty

    Three agreements were made between Italy and the Holy See, These three agreements were,
    - Creating a political treaty which was established to recognise sovereignty of the Holy See in Vatican City
    - Creating the Catholic Church the official religion in Italy
    - Creating financial convention
  • The Dollfuss Murder

    The death of Chancellor Englbert Dollfuss who was tragically shot in his office in Vienna by an Austrian Nazis.
  • The Stresa Front Agreement

    Its main goal was to reaffirm the Locarno Treaties and declare the independence of Austria.
  • The Invasion of Abyssinia

    This was a short colonial war between Italy and Ethiopia. During this time the League of Nations showed the lack of control over Italy and the lack of protection given to Ethiopia.
  • The Fight over North Africa

    There was a war between the British Commonwealth and German occupied Europe, they were fighting over Libya and some parts of Egypt.
  • Mussolini's Removal from Power

    Mussolini was replaced by Marshal Pietro Badoglio, this decision was made by the voters of the Italian Grand Council of Fascism after the allied invasion of Sicily and the bombing of Rome.
  • The September Rescue

    This was a high risk military rescue planned by Major Harald Mors and led by Lieutenant Otto von Berlepsch. Freeing Mussolini from a ski resort in Gran Sasso which is located high on the Apennine Mountains.
  • Subsequented Death

    Mussolini’s failed escape, he tried hiding in a German convoy which was seemed to be sailing towards the Alps. Was stopped at Dongo by Partisans then searched and took him prisoner where later was hung by an Esso station in Piazzale Loreto, Milain with five other Fascist leaders