Conflicts of the Great Plains

Timeline created by hfxtobias
In History
  • Homestead Act of 1862

    Homestead Act of 1862
    A law passed by Congress, the Homestead Act gave 160 free acres of land to a settler. This act gave men, single women, and wdows the right to own land. Women who were married were not able to own their own land. The Homestead Act required that you develop the land within 5 years.
  • Fetterman Massacre

    Fetterman Massacre
    It was the bloodiest incident between the army and the Native Americans. On December 21, 1866 , Crazy Horse, a Sioux leader, tricked the army's commander into sending troops after him on the Bozeman Trail where hundreds of warriors were in hiding. All the soldiers (about 80) were killed.
  • Discovery of 1874

    Discovery of 1874
    In 1874 they found gold in the Black Hills of the Dakotas on land occupied by the Native Americans.
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Battle of Little Bighorn
    An 1876 treaty promised the Black Hills of the Dakotas to the Native Americans. No white person or persons were permitted on this land, but when gold was discovered there the white man came. When the Native Americans refused to sell the land to the governement, the Army was sent in to move the warriors to reservations. On June 25, 1876, Custer and about 250 soldiers were killed by thousands of Sioxx and Cheyenne Warriors.
  • Ghost Dance

    Ghost Dance
    The Sioux started performing a ritual known as the Ghost Dance to express their culture, which was being destroyed. The reservation officials decided to ban the dance, and police went to arrest the Sioux chief, Sitting Bull, who they thought started the ritual. During a schuffle, Sitting Bull was shot by the policel.
  • Wounded Knee

    Wounded Knee
    After Sitting Bull was shot, the Sioux fled their land and went to a creek called Wounded Knee because they were scared. When the Army went there to collect their weapons, a pistol was shot and the Army started firing. More than 200 Sioux and 25 soldiers were killed. There were no more armed conflicts between the whites and Native Americans. The Native Americans lost.