Conflict on the Great Plains

  • Homestead Act of 1862

    Homestead Act of 1862
    The Homestead Act of 1862 allowed people to claim 160 acres of land as long as they pay a certain fee to settle on it and they stayed for five years. This act brought men, widowed and single women, and even immigrants to claim western land.
  • Fetterman Massacre

    Fetterman Massacre
    Army troops made a fort on the Bozeman Trail, and had Crazy Horse, a Sioux military leader act as a decoy to lure troops into a a trap. The fort's commander was tricked into sending eighty soldiers, while hundreds of warriors were waiting for the soldiers to come. When the soldiers came by they wiped all of them out.
  • Discovery of 1874

    Discovery of 1874
    After settlers found out there was gold on Sioux land, they took armies to find gold. The Sioux got mad because they were not supposed to be in the Black Hills since it was reserved just for their tribe.
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Battle of Little Bighorn
    A battle between the Sioux tribe and the goverment. The Sioux's land was rumored to have gold, so Custer led an army expedition to find out if this was true. The land was reserved just for the Sioux tribe, so when they found out, they protested. The government tried to buy the land, but the Sioux refused to sell it to them. Soo they all gathered at Little Bighorn River to battle. The sioux tribe brought thousand of soldiers, while the army only had 250. The Sioux won this battle, but soon fled.
  • Treaty of Fort Laramie

    Treaty of Fort Laramie
    It was at a conference in Wyoming, this treaty was to bring peace between whites and the Sioux tribe, and stop indian wars. This also was to declare tat the indians would settle at their reservation in the Black Hills.
  • Ghost Dance

    Ghost Dance
    A ritual/ dance the Sioux did to express their culture when it was being destroyed. This dance was later baned by reservation, they also went to arrest the chief, Sitting Bull, because they believed he was the leader of the movement. When the officials went to arrest Sitting Bull there was a scuffle, and they shot him.
  • Wounded Knee

    Wounded Knee
    A few hundred Lokato Sioux fled after Sitting Bull's death, and all gathered at a creek called Wounded Knee in South Dakota. They went there to collect the Sioux's wepaons. Nobody knows how the fighting actually started, but a pistol shot rang out, and the army fired back. There were 225 people killed, 200 Sioux, and 25 soldiers. This battle marks the end if armed conflicft between the native americans and whites.