"Conflict on the Great Plains"

  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    Gave 160 free acres of land to settlers who paid a filing fee and lived on the land for five years. From homesteading, thousands of new settlers were brought to the west. Some people who came to this land were immigrants in the process of becoming American citizens, and widowed and single women. IN Colorado and Wyoming, 12 precent of all those who filed were women.
  • Fetterman Massacre

    Fetterman Massacre
    The bloodiest incident. Army troops were watching a fort on the Bozeman trail. A Sioux military leader acted as a decoy to lure the troops into deadly traps. During this time the number of miners who flocked to Colorado in search of gold and silver grew. Cheyenne and Arapaho began raiding wagon traind and stealing cattle and horses from ranches.By summer of 1864 were no longer safe. Dozens of ranches have been burned and an estimated 200 settlers had been killed.
  • Treaty of Fort Laramie

    Treaty of Fort Laramie
    Fort Laramie is located in present day Wyoming. This resulted in a treaty with the Sioux. The treaty was to bring peace between whites and the Sioux. The U.S. recornized the black hills as part of Great Sioux Reservation set aside for exclucive use for Sioux people.
  • Discovery of 1874

    Discovery of 1874
    This arose over the Black Hills of Dakotas. The government had promised that No White person shall be permitted to settle upon or occupy, or even pass through these hills.Custer led and army expedition to check on the rumors and confirmed that there was gold.
  • Battle of Litle Bighorn

    Battle of Litle Bighorn
    Sitting Bull,and important leader of the Lakota Sioux,gathered Sioux and Cheyenne warriors along the Little Bighorn River.The U.S. was ordered to round up the warriors and move them to the reservations. Custer wanted the glory of leadingg a major wictory. So he divided his regiment and attacked the Native Americans. With about 250 soliders, they faced thousands of Sioux and Cheyenne forces. Custer and his entire army lost their lives.
  • Ghost Dance

    Ghost Dance
    Wovaka, a prophet, claimed that Sioux would regain their former greatness if they would preform a ritual known as the Ghost Dance. The Ghost Dance was a way for the Sioux to express their culture that was being destroyed.As the ritural spread, the reservation officals decided to ban the dance. The police went to the camp to arrest Sitting Bull because they thought that he was the leader of the movment. While they were arresting him they shot him.
  • Wounded Knee

    Wounded Knee
    Several hundered Lakota Sioux fled in fear after Sitting Bull's death. They gathered at a creek called Wounded Knee.The army ent to collect the Sioux weapons. But no one knows how the fighting started. When the first pistol shot rang the army responded. More than 200 sioux and 25 soldiers were killed.