Conflict on the Great Plains

  • Homestead Act of 1862

    Homestead Act of 1862
    In 1862, Congress passed this act. This act gave 160 acres of land if they met two requirements. They had to have had paid a filing fee and lived on the land for atleast five years. This made thousands of settlers to the land. These people included immigrants who had become American citizens and even women.
  • Fetterman Massacre

    Fetterman Massacre
    The Sioux, Cheyanne, and Arapaho Indians staged many attacks during the years of 1865-1867. But, Fetterman's Massacre was the bloodiest of them all. The Fetterman Massacre took place at a fort on the Bozeman Trail. The Sioux indians military leader Crazy Horse lured troops into a deadly trap, and then tricked the commanders to send out more troops who were then killed also. This wiped out a whole detachmen.
  • Treaty of Fort Laramie

    Treaty of Fort Laramie
    In th spring, a meeting was held at Fort Lamarie , which is located in what would now be the state of Wyoming. This meeting involved settlers and the Sioux indians. The meeting resulted in a treaty between the settlers and the Sioux indians. This treaty established peace between the settlers that were moving west and the Sioux, with the treaty the Sioux had agreed to move remain on the Black HIlls.
  • Discovery of 1874

    Discovery of 1874
    In the year of 1874 Custer was leading an expedition to see if rumors were true. So they traveled to the Black Hills where these rumors were said to occur. When they traveled to the Black Hills they found out that the rumors were true. They discovered that there was gold there. As a result to this discovery prospectors swarmed to this area.
  • Battle of Little BIghorn

    Battle of Little BIghorn
    This battle came as a result of the discovery in 1874. It took place in the Black Hills, which would now be in the state of Montana. the Sioux and the Cheyanne protested against all of the prospectors that had swarmed to the area where the gold was. The United States Army was told to round up the warriors and move them to a reservation. When Custer lead the attack to move these people he and his whole command were killed.
  • Ghost Dance

    Ghost Dance
    When the Dawe Act was put into place in greatly impactd the Native American way of life. After all this had happened the Sioux were in deep despair. The Sioux then turned to a prophet named Wovoka. Wovoka then told them that they could regain there greatness by doing at riual known as Ghost Dance. When this ritual spread it alarmed people, so they decide to ban it. The people thought that Sitting Bull was responsible for this and went to arrest him, he was later shot in a fight.
  • Wounded Knee

    Wounded Knee
    After the death of Sitting Bull, many of the Sioux were terrified, so they fled to a creek called Wounded Knee, in South Dakota. The U.S. Army then went to Wounded Knee to collect the Sioux's weapons. When they arrived at Wounded Knee, for an unknown reason, fighting broke out. The Army heard a pistol shot and responded with gun fire. This marked the end of the fight between the whites and the Native Americans, the Native Americans had lost there long battle.