Conflict on the Great Plains

  • Homestead Act of 1862

    Homestead Act of 1862
    Congress gave 160 acres of land to a person who paid a fee and lived on the land for five years. This brought thousands of new settlers to the plains.
  • Fetterman Massacre

    Fetterman Massacre
    Incident in which Sioux Indians led by Crazy Horse, tricked the commander of a fort into send 80 soldiers into an ambush. All of the U.S. soldiers died.
  • Treaty of Fort Laramie

    Treaty of Fort Laramie
    The Treaty of Fort Laramie was an agreement between the U.S. government and the Sioux Indians. The purpose of the treaty was to bring peace between the Indians and the white man. The agreement also said that the U.S. would stay out of the Black Hills.
  • Discovery of 1874

    Discovery of 1874
    The year when General Custer led an expedition to the Black Hills to see if there was any gold there. While he was there he discovered gold. This later led to the Battle of Little Bighorn.
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Battle of Little Bighorn
    The Battle of Little Bighorn was a conflict that happened at the
    Little Bighorn River in Montana between the U.S. army and the Sioux Indians. The Indians weren't happy with all the people that were searching for gold in the Black Hill. So the Indians led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse attacked the U.S. troops led by General Custer and wiped them out.
  • Ghost Dance

    Ghost Dance
  • Wounded Knee

    Wounded Knee
    After Sitting Bull was killed, several hundred Lakota Sioux gathered at a creek called Wounded Knee in South Dakota. U.S. troops were then sent to take their weapons when a pistol shot went off which started the fighting. Over 200 Sioux and 25 soldiers died. It was the last batlle between the Indians and U.S.