King George the 3rd was in charge in 1763. He was an inecure leader, and frequently changed the officials. (Not official Date, ruled throughout 1763)
Pontiac's rebellion took place in 1763 (not official date) year: 1763
(not official date, year:1764) The Paxton Boys massacred the Conestoga Indians
(no official date) Tea Act was passed in 1773. Purpose: To help East India Trading Co.
Effects: Protested tea tax, put everyone else out of business, put dent in smuggling, only loyalists could sell tea
Lord Dunmore's War
Attacked Shawne indians in Virginia. (Not official Date) Year: 1774
Continental Congress Called
A continental congress was called to meet on sept. 5th
Actions of the Congress:
- Claim rights as Englishmen, Pass a non-impotation agreement, pass a non-exportation agreement, Enforced by sons of liberty
Committees of Correspondence
(no official date, Year: 1774)
Committee of Correspondence- Groups of leaders within colonies to keep communication lines open in good times and bad.
12/13 colonies had committees of correspondence by 1774
2nd Continental Congress
(not official date) 2nd continental congress met in May of 1775.
Offered treaty with Indians, Made George Washington leader of continental army, authorized benedict arnold and montgomery to attack Canada
(not official day) Battle of Bunkar Hill took place in 1775
Colonists were low on ammunition
Colonists win, but lose lots of men
Olive Branch Petition
(no official day)
Colonists wanted peace so they offered the olive branch petition to England. King of England rejects it.
Declaration of Causes of Taking up Arms
(No official day, July 1775)
The colonists declared their causes of taking up arms: They said that it was Britain's fault that they were fighting
State of Rebellion
(no official day)
Colonists were declared by England to be in Rebellion in August of 1775
Montgomerry and Benedict Arnold
(no official day, Nov. 1775)
Montgomery and Benedict Arnold attacked Canada. Captured only Montreal, not Quebec. Was not successful
(Not official Date) Prohibitory Act stated taht no one in England is allowed to trade with the colonies
(No official Date, Year: 1776)
The British take over NY and stay in control
Declaration of Independence
Proposed by Richard Henry Lee
Approved July 2, Signed July 4
Had 3 parts: Intro, List of complaints agianst King, Declare Independence
Battle of Saratoga
(no official date, Year: 1777)
Battle of Saratoga was known as the turning point of the War. Colonists Won.
leads to the colonists allliance with the French, French provide more troops, $, food, NAVY
(no official day)
In august of 1780, Gates is put in control of SC colonists, but in Camden the colonists loose, Gates flees, and is replaced by Nathaniel Greene
(no official day, oct 1780)
Battle of Kings Mountain, Major colonist Victory. Turning point in the South
(no official day, March 1781)
Following the victory at the Battle of Cowpens in Jan, the colonists lost at Guilford Courthouse battle, although the British had heavy losses
(No official Day, Oct. 1781)
In VA, the british general, Cornwallis, was waiting for supplies when colonial troops and the French NAVY were heading towards him. Cornwallis surrnedered and the colonists win!
Peace of Paris
(not official Date, Year: 1783)
The Peace of Paris was the treaty that ended the Revolutionary War
Start of Revolution
Revolutionary War starts at the battle of Lexington and Concord:
- General Gage was to confiscate all weapons in Lexington and capture John Hancock and Sam Adams but encountered "a countryside in arms"
(no official date, Year: 1786)
Annaplois Convention called by Virginia. Only 5 states showed up.
-Proposed to reconvene the Continental Congress in Philadelphia in 1787 to revise the articles of confederation
(no official date, year: 1787)
Stated the requirements to have territorial legislature:
- must have 5,000 adult males
- 60,000 residents to submit a constitution, once ratified it becomes a state
(no official date, Year: 1787)
In Penn. federalists dragged 2 anti-federalists into building and forced them to stay there in order to be present during the ratification of the constitution
(not official day, :Feb. 1788)
Rumors fly that 1 of the 2 major leaders of MA, Hancock and Adams, may be nominated for VP, so they support and ratify in 1788
VA ratifies due to the influence of George Washington
Federalist Papers are released and influence NY to ratify
(no official date, Year: 1788)
By 1788, 9 states were on board with the ratification of the constitution
France declared War on England
(not official date, Year: 1793)
Start of French Revolution
Battle of Fallen Timbers
(not official date. Year: 1794)
Indian affaris: Fight between the the Miami condederation of Indians and America. Americans led by Mad Anthony Wayne.
(not official date, Year: 1794)
Set deadline. John Jay was sent to England to meet with the British gov't to deal with the issue of the Northwest territory and the British forts.
- Britain had 2 yrs to get out of US forts and US would pay back British debts
(not official date. Year: 1794)
These attacks led to the establishment of the US NAVY.
US paid 1 million dollars of tribute to the Barbary States to get them to quit harrassing American Ships.
Convention of 1800
Formed a trade agreement between France and the US
(Not official date, Year: 1795)
Spain gave the US the use of the port of New Orleans because Spain was affraid that the British and the US were going to align and attack them.
Treaty of Greenville
(Not official date. Year: 1795)
US buys ohio for $20,000
(not official date. Year: 1800)
Territory in Louisiana had been handed back and forth between France and Spain numerous times. In 1800, treaty was made for the territory to be handed from Spain to France, but didnt happen until 1803.
Barbary Pirates declare War
(not officialdate. Year: 1801)
Barbary Pirates declare war on US. US had already payed million dollars of ransom. American ships are deployed to mediterranean to protect our economic interests. Pirates capture USS Philadelphia and arm it to protect their coastline.
Right of Deposit
(not official date. Year: 1802)
Spain takes away the right of deposit from US
(not official day, June 1805)
William Eaton captures Derna (2nd most important city of barbary). Conflict between US and Barbary Pirates end
(not official date. Year: 1807)
USS Chesapeake was an American ship in sight of American coast. British stopped it and asked to search for British deserters. Captain refused. British fire on it and board anyway. Impress 3 people. (Affrican American, Person born in Maryland, British deserter)
Embargo of 1807
All foreign trade with US was cut off in attempt to force England to stop impressing on American ships.
- Nobody likes it
Non Intercourse Act
Cut off trade with only England and France. Opens trade with everyone else
US puts embargo on England
In resonse to Macon's Bill #2 which said, whatever side opened opened trade first we would trade with them and put an embargo on the other side.
- France says they will open up trade (did not) and Madison believes them and places embargo on England