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Midterm Timeline Project

  • 500

    Medieval Period Start

  • 1030

    Guido of Arezzo's "Micrologus"

    This was also known as the "Little Treatise." Guido of Arezzo developed the Guidonian Hand which was a form of solmization that associated each note of the scale with a different part of the fingers. This also had an impact on the creation of the Hexachord system. Other musical developments that came from "Micrologus" were the 4-line staff, the idea of relative pitch, and sight singing.
  • 1098

    Hildegard of Bingen Birth Date

  • 1179

    Hildegard of Bingen Death Date

  • 1323

    Ars Nova Treatise

    Ars Nova translates to "New Art" and it represented the replacement of Ars Antiqua (Old Art). The innovation that came along with the Ars Nova Treatise was the concept of time and prolation within music. A system was developed to define how long each note was and how it would be counted in music. Some of the different terms associated with this were Breve, Semibreve, and Minim. It separated perfect and imperfect time, as well as major and minor prolation.
  • 1450

    Medieval Period End

  • 1450

    Renaissance Period Start

  • 1485

    Josquin’s "Ave Maria ... virgo serena" Motet

  • 1529

    Martin Luther Chorale "Ein feste burg (A Mighty Fortress..)"

  • 1538

    Arcadelt Madrigal "Il bianco e dolce cigno"

  • 1567

    Palestrina "Pope Marcellus Mass"

    This work is significant because Palestrina's style became a model for the music that followed it. His style is still an example in textbooks today on the subject of counterpoint.
    Palestrina's Rules:
    1. Moves in mostly stepwise motion with dissonances resolving on strong beats
    2. Dissonance is allowed between strong beats as long as it is in a stepwise fashion or suspension
    3. The "Palestrina Arch" is used by following leaps with stepwise motion in the opposite direction
  • Victoria "Missa O magnum mysterium"

  • Gabrieli "Sonata pian’e forte"

    Where: St. Mark's Basilica
    Significance: This was the first piece to use dynamics and write them into the composition. It was also the first piece that distinguished which instruments play which parts.
  • Renaissance Period End