In 1834, the federal goverment had passed an act the designated the entire Great Plains as one enormous reservation, or land set aside for Native Americans.
Boundries for Native Americans
The goverment changed it policy and created treaties that defined specific boundries for each tribe.
Massacre At Sand Creek
During this date Chivinton and his troops descended on the Cheynne and Arpaho, about 200 warriors and 500 women and children camped at Sand Creek. The attack at dawn on November 29, 1864 killed over 150 inhabitants, mostly women and children.
Death on the Bozeman Trail
On this date warrior Crazy Horse ambushed Captain William J. Fetterman and his company at Lodge Trail Ridge. Over 80 soldiers were killed. Native Americans called this fight the Battle of the Hundred Slain. Whites called it the Fetterman Massacre.
Treaty of Fort Laramie
In this treaty the Sioux agreed to live on a reservation along the Missouri River, was forced on the leaders of the Souix in 1868.
Red River War
In 1874, when Colonel George A. Custer reported that the Black Hills had gold "from the grass roots down", a gold rush was on.
Crazy Horse, Gall, and Sitting Bull, the warriors outflanked and crushed Custer and his men at th Little Bighorn River.
In 1887, congress passed this act aming to "Americanize" the Native Americans. This act broke up the reservations and gave some land to individual Native Americans.
On this day Custer's old regiment rounded up 350 starving and freezing souix and took them to camp at wounded knee creek. The next day the Native Americans were forced to give up their weapons, a shot was fired and the soldiers opened fire on the defense less Native Americans.