War on the Plains

  • Great Plains Act

    The federal government passes an act that designated the entrire Great Plains as one enormous reservation.
  • Policy Changes in the 50's

    The government changed its policy and created treaties that defined specific boundries for each tribe. Most Natives ignored the treaties and continued to hunt on their traditional lands causing tragic results.
  • Sand Creek Massacre

    Sand Creek Massacre
    After the most of the Cheyenne returned to Colorado's Sand Creek Reserve, some of the U.S. Army's commanders got angry. Chivington and his troops attacked at sand Creek and killed over 150 inhabitants.
  • Battle of the Hundred Slain/Fetterman Massacre

    Battle of the Hundred Slain/Fetterman Massacre
    Crazy Horse ambushed Captain William J. Fetterman and his company at Lodge Trail Ridge, killing over 80 soldiers.
  • Treaty of Fort Laramie

    Treaty of Fort Laramie
    The treaty where the Bozeman Trail would be closed if the Sioux agreed to live on a reservation along the Missouri river.
  • Custer's Expedition

    Custer's Expedition
    Colonel George A. Custer led an expedition to the Black Hills and reported there was gold there. His reports led to a gold rush.
  • Red River War

    Red River War
    After 6 years of the Comanche and Kiowa raiding, the Red River War broke out. The Union Army's tacics destroyed resistance on the southern plains.
  • Custer's Last Stand

    Custer's Last Stand
    Warned by a vision, the Native American Warriors were ready when Colonel Custer and his troops reached Little Bighorn. The Natives outflanked and killed all of the Seventh Calvary, inlcuding Custer.
  • Dawes Act

    Dawes Act
    The act broke up the reservations and gave some of the reservation land to individual Native Americans. This "Americanizing" act sold the rest of the land to the settlers.
  • Battle at Wounded Knee

    Battle at Wounded Knee
    After taking around 350 Sioux to wounded Knee, SD, Custer's old regiment forced the Natives to give up their weapons. When a wild shot was accidentally fired, the soldiers opened fired and killed over 300 unarmed Sioux.