600 C.E. - 1450 C.E.

  • Period: 570 to Nov 2, 632


    -was a leader from Mecca who unified Arabia into a single religious polity under Islam
  • Period: 581 to May 23, 618

    Sui Dynasty

    -unified the country after four centuries of separation between North and South China
    -start of an artisic and cultural renaissance
    -founded by emperior Wen of Sui, reign lead to unification
    -Social gap between rich and poor reduced
    -Spread of Buddhism
  • Period: Oct 30, 618 to Oct 30, 906

    Tang Dynasty

    -Emperior Yang was killed by his chancellor (Yuwen Huaji)
    -Chang'an=capital city
    -under emperior Taizong Li Shimin's rule economy and commerce flourised, socail order balanced, national boundaries open to foriegn countries
    -When emperior Taizong died his son, Li Zhi took over and was crowned emperior Gaozong
  • Period: Oct 30, 661 to Oct 30, 750

    Umayyad Dynasty

    -The second of four major Islamic caliphates after Muhammad's death
    -Umayyad family orginally came from the city of Mecca, their capital was Damascus
    -It was at one time the largest empire in the world
    -Abbasid Caliphate overthrown the Umayyads
    -Religion: Sunni Islam
    -Built Dome of the Rock and The Great Mosque in Spain
  • Period: Oct 30, 668 to Oct 30, 935

    Silla Dynasty

    -United Silla, Paekche, and Koguryo (three kingdoms of Korean peninsula, under indigenous leadership)
    -Expelled T'ang forces
    -Park and Seok clans were always fighting for power and were both thrownout of the Kim clan but remain nobility
    -Silla controlled Baekje under King Muyeol's rule
    -decline was caused by the reduced respect of the king he was still viewed as a powerful aristocratic family
  • Period: Nov 2, 740 to Nov 2, 745

    Nara Period

    -Empress Gemmei established the capital of Heijo-kyo, Emperor Kammu established a new capital called Nagaoka-kyo in 784
    -history of Japan
  • Period: Oct 25, 750 to Oct 25, 1258

    Abbasid Dynasty

    -Period for Islamic civilization
    -3rd Islamic Caliphate
    -Was destroyed by Mongol invaders
    -Overthrew Umayyad Caliphate
  • Period: Nov 2, 750 to Nov 2, 1076

    Kingdom of Ghana

    -first Sub-Saharan West Africa, gold coast
  • Period: Nov 2, 768 to Nov 2, 814

    Reign of Charlemange

    -King of the Franks and emperor
    -he established the Carolington empire
    -First in western Europe to bear the title emperor in over 300 years
  • Period: Oct 30, 794 to Oct 30, 1185

    Heian Period

    -New capital was established in Heian-kyo
    -Fujiwaras (aristocrats) controlled politics and cultural milieu of this era.
    -first permanent Japanese capital was established in Nara
    -New form of government called Insei government (emperiors=politic power)
  • Period: Nov 2, 802 to Nov 2, 1400

    Kingdom of Angkor

    -capital of present day Cambodia
    -largest pre-industrial urban center in the world
  • Period: Oct 30, 960 to Oct 30, 1279

    Song Dynasty

    -Northern Song(960-1127): founded by Zhao Kuangyin, lauched a mutiny in Chenqiao country, China's territory unified
    -Southern Song(1127-1179): founded by Zhao Gou(last emperior's son), imperial clansmen captured, he fled to Nanjing Yingtianfu
    -prosperous economy and radiant culture
    -Considered another period of golden age after Tnag Dynasty
  • Nov 2, 1054

    Schism between eastern and western Christian Church

    -formal split between the latin church and the Orthodox Church
  • Nov 2, 1055

    Saljuq control over Abbasid Dynasty

    -turkic dynasty of central asian nomadic origins took over Baghdad and established themselves as new protectors of the Abbasid caliphate
  • Oct 14, 1066

    Norman Invasion of England

    -invasion and occupation of England by an arny of Normans and French led by Duke Willliam the second of Normandy
  • Period: Nov 27, 1096 to Oct 25, 1099

    First Crusade

  • Period: Nov 2, 1200 to Nov 2, 1500

    Mali Empire

    -created by indigenous Muslims in Western Sudan of West Africa and famous for its role in the trans-Saharan gold trade
  • Period: Oct 30, 1202 to Apr 30, 1204

    Fourth Crusade

    -intended to conquer Muslim-controlled Jerusalem
    -Crusaders of western Europe invaded Constantinople city of Christian (eastern orthodox)
    -key turning point in decline of the Empire and of Christainity in the near east
  • Period: Nov 2, 1206 to Nov 2, 1283

    Mongol conquest of all of China

    -Under Genghis Khan his descendants established an enormous empire
  • Period: Nov 2, 1206 to Nov 2, 1227

    Reign of Chingis Khan

    -same as Genghis Khan title of Temujun when he ruled the Mongols,
    -founder of the Mongol empire, most famous conqueror in history
  • Period: Nov 2, 1206 to Nov 2, 1526

    Sultanate of Delhi

    -centralized Indian empire of varying extent, created by Muslim invaders
  • Period: Nov 2, 1250 to Nov 2, 1450

    Kingdom of Great Zimbabwe

    -City where many stone structures were built when it was a trading center and capital of a large state i Africa
  • Period: Nov 2, 1260 to Nov 2, 1271

    Reign of Kublai Khan

    -conquered China and established the Chinese Yuan Dynasty
  • Period: Nov 2, 1275 to Nov 2, 1292

    Marco Polo's trip to China

    -served under Kublai Khan
  • Period: Oct 30, 1279 to Oct 30, 1368

    Yuan Dynasty

    -Founded by Genhis Khan and his sons, by defeating the Western Xia Empire and conquering Central Asia,Mongolia and Hexi Corridor
    -Trade: Silk Road routes=power and wealth
    -Ogedei (Khan's son) ruled mongol Empire in 1227, invaded Jin empire and Song empire
  • Period: Feb 25, 1304 to Nov 2, 1368

    Ibn Battuta

    -Was a Muslim Moroccan explorer, known for his extensive travels,visited most of the Islamic world and many non-muslim lands
  • Period: Nov 2, 1312 to Nov 2, 1337

    Reign of Mansa Musa

    -ruler of Mail, his pilgrimage through Egypt to Mecca establshed the empire reputation for wealth
  • Period: Nov 2, 1336 to Nov 2, 1405


    -though conquest gained control of most of Central Asia and Iran, member of prominent family of the Mongols Jagadai Khanate
  • Period: Nov 2, 1337 to Nov 2, 1453

    Hundred Year's War

    -Series of conflicts between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France for control of french throne
    -William the Conqueror became King of England in 1066
  • Nov 2, 1346

    First Bubonic P,ague Pandemic

    -Bacterial disease spread by flea bites to rodents and humans.
    -High morality rate and difficult to stop its spread
  • Period: Nov 2, 1368 to

    Ming Dynasty

    -Empire based in China that Z hu Yuanghang established after the overthrow of the Yuan Empire
  • Period: Nov 2, 1405 to Nov 2, 1433

    Zheng He's expeditions

    -He was entrusted by Chinese emperor Yongle with series of state voyages through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia and Africa
  • Period: Nov 2, 1438 to Nov 2, 1533

    Inca Empire

    -largest empire in pre-Columbian America, political and military center of the empire was located in Cusco
  • Apr 6, 1453

    Fall of Constantinople

    -Constantinople was capital of Byzantine Empire
    -Occured after the siege by the Ottoman Empire
    -City was conquered by the Ottomans
    -Marked the end of the Roman Empire
    -Ended May 29, 1453