Texas during the Civil War

  • Constitution was drafted

    Constitution was drafted
    A constitution was drafted and on February 9 Jefferson Davis of Mississippi was elected president of the new federal republic thus brought into being.
  • Seccession of the Southern states took a toll

    Seccession of the Southern states took a toll
    But the secession of the Southern states was not to remain peaceful very long. Lincoln was inaugurated president of the United States on March 4, and he and his cabinet took the position that the states had no power to sever their connection with the Union in this fashion and that the authority of the United States government over them would be maintained
  • demad was refused

    demad was refused
    The demand was refused and on April 12, 1861, Confederate forces fired on the fort. Two days later Fort Sumter was surrendered to the Confederacy, and the next day, April 15, President Lincoln issued a call for volunteers to "preserve the Union" by force of arms. The war was on!
  • Francis R. Lubbock Was elected governor

    Francis R. Lubbock Was elected governor
    Francis R. Lubbock was elected governor on a platform declaring for unstinted support of the Confederacy in the prosecution of the war
  • president lincoln called for volunteers

    president lincoln called for volunteers
    April 15, President Lincoln issued a call for volunteers to "preserve the Union" by force of arms. The war was on!
  • news of the firing on Fort Sumpter

    news of the firing on Fort Sumpter
    News of the firing on Fort Sumter was received at Austin on April 17, 1861, and immediately Governor Clark took steps to prepare for the war. He provided for the organization, equipment and instruction of volunteer companies in every county in the state.
  • United states navy was blocked

    United states navy was blocked
    Texas ports were blockaded by the United States navy from July, 1861, until the end of the war,
  • State Election

    State Election
    The regular state election was held in Texas in August 2 1861, while the war fever was at its height
  • What the Confederate has had

    What the Confederate has had
    thirty regiments of which (twenty-one cavalry and nine infantry) have been organized since the requisition of February 3, 1862, for fifteen regiments, being the quota required of Texas to make her quota equal to the quota of other states, making 62,000 men, which with the state troops in actual service, viz., 6,500 men, form an aggregate of 68,500 Texans in military service, constituting an excess of 4,773 more than her highest popular vote, which was 63,727. From the best information within rea
  • Three Generals in the confederate army

    Three Generals in the confederate army
    One hundred and thirty-five officers above the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the Confederate army were from Texas. Among these was one full general, Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, who fell at Shiloh in April, 1862; one lieutenant-general, John B. Hood; three major-generals, Samuel B. Maxey, John A. Wharton and Tom Green, the latter killed at Blair’s Landing in April, 1864; thirty-two brigadier-generals and ninety-seven colonels.
  • Surrender (1862)and fall of two states(1863)

    Surrender (1862)and fall of two states(1863)
    But the events of two years—the surrender of New Orleans in 1862, and the fall of Vicksburg in 1863, began to beget doubts of final success.
  • Puts state under martial Law

    Puts state under martial Law
    By an order issued on May 30, 1862, he put the state under martial law, practically usurping the powers of the state government. He appointed a number of provost marshals, whose powers were almost unlimited and who were responsible only to him, and the acts of some of these petty officers exasperated the people
  • Federals make attack on Galveston

    Federals make attack on Galveston
    On October 4, 1862, the Federals who had been maintaining the blockade of the gulf coast made an attack on Galveston.
  • General hebert issued an order

    General hebert issued an order
    . In November, 1862, General Hebert issued another order which increased this discontent.
  • General Bankhead Suceeded General Hebert

    General Bankhead Suceeded General Hebert
    On November 29,1862, Brig.-Gen. J. Bankhead Magruder succeeded General Hebert, and it was thought that the change would improve conditions.
  • general Magruder arrived at virginia

    general Magruder arrived at virginia
    On December 29, 1862, General Magruder arrived at Virginia Point to direct the expedition in person. The plan of attack was for Magruder and a body of land forces to enter the town of Galveston from the mainland, while the boats under command of Sibley engaged the Federal vessels by sea
  • Lubbock said what they have provided to the Confederate Military

    Lubbock said what they have provided to the Confederate Military
    From the most accurate data," he said in his message to an extra session of the legislature on February 5, 1863, "Texas has furnished to the Confederate military service thirty-three regiments, thirteen battalions, two squadrons, six detached companies, and one legion of twelve companies of cavalry; nineteen regiments, two battalions of infantry, and one regiment and twelve light batteries of artillery—thirty regiments
  • Cotton Problems

    Cotton Problems
    But within a few months General Magruder issued a new order, imposing additional restrictions upon the exportation of cotton across the Rio Grande. The outcry against this order became so great that in April, 1863, all cotton orders were revoked and for a short time planters were permitted to export cotton without restriction
  • Federals attempt to gain foothold in Texas

    Federals attempt to gain foothold in Texas
    In September, 1863, the Federals made the second attempt to gain a foothold in Texas
  • Re-election of the Governor

    Re-election of the Governor
    Governor Lubbock was offered a place on the staff of President Davis when his term of office should expire, and he announced, therefore, that he would not be a candidate for reelection.Murrah was inaugurated on November 5, 1863, the day Banks took Brownsville. He came into office at a time when the fortunes of war had begun to go against the Confederacy, and when the feeling of the people of Texas had begun to change.
  • Lubbock calls for more men

    Lubbock calls for more men
    In spite of all this there were calls for more men from Texas, and in November, 1863, Governor Lubbock suggested to the legislature that no exemptions from the operation of the draft law, which had been previously put into effect, should be permitted.
  • magruder opened fire on Federals

    magruder opened fire on Federals
    Before daybreak on New Year’s day, 1863, Magruder opened fire on the Federals and drove them to the extreme northern end of the island.
  • General Smith was placed in Command

    General Smith was placed in Command
    In January, 1864, Gen. J. Kirby Smith was placed in command of the trans-Mississippi department for the Confederacy, and it was under his able direction that the invasion of East Texas was prevented in the spring of 1864
  • General Grant was made Commander

    General Grant was made Commander
    But on March 12, 1864, Gen. U. S. Grant was made commander in chief of the Union forces and his plan of campaign did not include active operations in the trans-Mississippi department.
  • Generals kill

    Generals kill
    one lieutenant-general, John B. Hood; three major-generals, Samuel B. Maxey, John A. Wharton and Tom Green, the latter killed at Blair’s Landing in April, 1864; thirty-two brigadier-generals and ninety-seven colonels.
  • President Lincoln's assasination

    President Lincoln's assasination
    President Lincoln had been assassinated on April 14, and President Andrew Johnson, who had succeeded him, had devised a plan of reconstruction by which the states of the conquered Confederacy might be restored to the Union.
  • President Johnson made an proclamation

    President Johnson made an proclamation
    On May 29 President Johnson had issued a proclamation granting amnesty, with certain exceptions, to persons who had participated in the war on the side of the South, upon complying with specified conditions.
  • Pres.Jackson appoined A.J. Hamilton

    Pres.Jackson appoined A.J. Hamilton
    On June 17 he appointed A. J. Hamilton, a former United States congressman from Texas, who had remained loyal to the Union, to be provisional governor of Texas, but pending Hamilton’s arrival General Granger was in full charge. General Granger’s first act upon landing at Galveston was to issue a proclamation declaring all the slaves to be free and invalidating all laws enacted since secession.
  • Granger made it to Galveston

    Granger made it to Galveston
    Gordon Granger landed at Galveston with a force of Federal troops on June 19, the chaos was complete
  • Reason that African Americans observe Texas as Emancipation day

    Reason that African Americans observe Texas as Emancipation day
    It is for this reason that June 19, the date of the proclamation, is observed by the negroes in Texas as Emancipation day.
  • Governor Hamilton arrived in Texas issuing a proclamation

    Governor Hamilton arrived in Texas issuing a proclamation
    Provisional Governor Hamilton arrived in Texas in July and on July 25 he issued a proclamation outlining his policy and inviting loyal men from every part of the state to come to Austin to confer with him. His instructions from President Johnson were that he should arrange for the holding of a convention for the purpose of reestablishing civil government and restoring constitutional relations between the state and the federal government. Governor Hamilton, who was a very able man, entered upon t
  • The WAR was finally over!

    The WAR was finally over!
    In spite of the gloom of the moment the prospect for the future of Texas began to brighten a little. The war was over.