Exploration Timeline

By lmp15
  • Period: Jan 1, 1450 to


  • Aug 3, 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    Christopher Columbus sails west with three ships: Nina, Pinta, and the Santa Maria. His goal was to reach the coast of East Asia, but after his return home, Europeans realized that Columbus had discovered other continents.
  • Jan 1, 1493

    Line of Demarcation

    Line of Demarcation
    Ferdinand and Isabella appear before Pope Alexander VI to claim their right to the land of the newly discovered world. The Pope then set up the Line of Demarcation to divide the new world. The Spanish had trading and exploration rights west of the line, and Portugal had these rights east of the line.
  • Jan 1, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Treaty of Tordesillas
    In 1494, the Treaty of Tordesillas was signed between Spain and Portugal to agree on the terms of the Line of Demarcation.
  • Jan 1, 1497

    Vasco da Gama

    Vasco da Gama
    In 1497, Vasco da Gama lead four ships around the Cape of Good Hope, and on to the west coast of India.
  • Jan 1, 1510


    In 1510, the Portugese siezed the Island of Goa, and made it their major military base.
  • Jan 1, 1511


    In 1511, the Portugese took Malacca, an east Indies port, and massacred the Muslims of the city.
  • Jan 1, 1513

    Vasco Nunez de Balboa

    Vasco Nunez de Balboa
    In 1513 Vasco Nunez de Balboa chopped through the Panama rainforest with the help of the Indians. He eventually reached the west coast where he gazed upon the Pacific Ocean.
  • Sep 20, 1519

    Ferdinand Magellan

    Ferdinand Magellan
    On September 20, 1519, Ferdinand Magellan set out with five ships to discover a way to the Pacific Ocean.
  • Nov 1, 1520

    Strait of Magellan

    Strait of Magellan
    In November of 1520, Magellan found himself amid violent storms at the tip of South America in a passage that would later be named the Strait of Magellan.
  • Sep 8, 1522

    Magellan's Voyage ends

    On September 8, 1522, after crossing the Pacific Ocean, Magellan's voyage ends at the Philippines, where Magellan is killed and the remaider of his crew became the first to circumnavigate the world.
  • Dutch East India Company

    Dutch East India Company
    In 1602, the Dutch East India Company was formed by a group of wealthy Dutch merchants. This company started out with an unusual amount of powers including full sovereign powers.
  • Dutch Capture Malacca

    Dutch Capture Malacca
    In 1641, the Dutch captured Malacca from the Portugese and opened trade with China. This allowed them to monitor and control trade in most of Southeast Asia.
  • Manchus capture Beijing

    In 1644, armies of Manchus captured Beijing and made it their capital.
  • Cape Town

    Cape Town
    In 1652, Dutch Immigrants arrived at the southern tip of the continent and built Cape Town to supply ships sailing to or from the East Indies.
  • Qianlong

    In 1736, Chinese Emperor Qianlong begins his reign. (His reign ended in1796)