19th Century Spain

  • The absolutist phase (1814-1820)

    The absolutist phase (1814-1820)
    Ferdinand VII repealed the Contitution of 1812 and the reforms proposed by the Cádiz Cortes after reclaming the throne with the support of the absolutists.
    Liberals who in groups fromed pronunciamientos demanding the reinstatment of the constitution were persecuted.
    Many liberrals were executed or forced to exile.
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    The absolutist phase (1814-1820)
    The liberal phase (1820-1823)
    The ominous decade (1823-1833)
  • The liberal phase (1820-1823)

    The liberal phase (1820-1823)
    1820 the pronunciamiento made by Colonel Rafael del Riego was successful, as a consequence the king had to reinstate the 1812 constitution
    Volunteers armed liberals formed the National Milita in order to defend the constitution and avoid absolutism. Ferdinand VII called others european monarchs in order to protect him against the liberals. In 1823 the holly aliance (coalition of European monarchs) sent troops that restored the absolutism.
  • The ominous decade (1823-1833)

    The ominous decade (1823-1833)
    The Ominous Decade is a traditional term for the last ten years of the reign of King Ferdinand VII of Spain.
    A fisical reform that would make privilage people pay taxes in order to overcome the economical crisis, this social group were the main defenders of absolutuism.
  • 1st Carlist war (1833-1839)

    1st Carlist war (1833-1839)
    Bgun in the Basque country.
    Carlists were defeated by the Liberal army of General Espatero.
    The peace wqas proclaimed in 1839 at the Convention of Vergara.
    Carlists continued as defenders of tradition with a lot of popular support.
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    1st Carlist war The main event in Maria Christina’s regency was the outbreak of the First Carlist War
    Maria Christina sought support in the liberals, who would govern in Spain from then on
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    This was the last period of time before the regency of Isabella II
    After the triumph in 1840 revolution , General Espatero was proclaimed king becouse Maria Christina's daugther , Isabella II was nine years old and she wasn't in age fore becoming queen.
    When Isabella was 13 , she was finally queen.
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    Alternation of power between moderates and progressists
    2nd Carlist war
    Social instability
  • 2nd Carlist war (1846/1849)

    2nd Carlist war (1846/1849)
    The Second Carlist war started in 1846, after the failure of a scheme to marry Isabel II with the Carlist claimant, Carlos Luis de Borbón. Fighting concentrated in the mountains of South Catalonia and Teruel until 1849.
  • Provisional government (1860-1870)

    Provisional government (1860-1870)
    It was a provisional government formed in Spain between the overthrow of Queen Isabella II of Spain on 30 September 1868 after the Glorious Revolution, and the inauguration of the new King Amadeo I of Spain before the Cortes on 2 January 1871.
    It was the firts part of the six years of democracy
  • Glorious Revolution (1868)

    Glorious Revolution (1868)
    Resulting in the deposition of Queen Isabella II. The success of the revolution marked the beginning of the six years of democracy with the installment of a provisional government
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    SIX YEARS OF DEMOCRACY (1868-1874)

    Glorious Revolution
    Provisional government (1860-1870)
    Amadeo I of Savoy (1871-1873)
    The First Republic (1873-1874)
  • Amadeo I of Savoy (1871-1873)

    Amadeo I of Savoy (1871-1873)
    Amadeo I was an Italian prince who reigned as King of Spain from 1870 to 1873. The first and only King of Spain from the House of Savoy, he was the second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II of Italy
    30 May 1845
    Royal Palace, Turin, Sardinia
    18 January 1890 (aged 44)
    Royal Palace, Turin,
  • The First Republic (1873-1874)

    The First Republic (1873-1874)
    The Republic of 1873 came into existence to fill the political vacuum created by Amadeo’s abdication. The Republican Party was neither strong nor united. When the Republican leaders, on legal scruples, refused to declare for a federal republic, the provincial federal extremists revolted.